1 Samuel 13

War with the Philistines

1Saul was
As in some mss of the LXX; Heb omits thirty
thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned
See Act.13.21; Heb omits forty
forty two years over Israel.

2Now Saul chose for himself 3,000 men of Israel, of which 2,000 were with Saul in c  Michmash and in the hill country of Bethel, while 1,000 were with Jonathan at d  Gibeah of Benjamin. But he sent away the rest of the people, each to his tent. 3Jonathan smote e  the garrison of the Philistines that was in f  Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. Then Saul g  blew the trumpet throughout the land, saying, “Let the Hebrews hear.” 4All Israel heard
Lit saying
the news that Saul had smitten the garrison of the Philistines, and also that Israel i  had become odious to the Philistines. The people were then summoned
Lit after
to Saul at Gilgal.

5Now the Philistines assembled to fight with Israel, 30,000 chariots and 6,000 horsemen, and k  people like the sand which is on the seashore in abundance; and they came up and camped in Michmash, east of l  Beth-aven. 6When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait (for the people were hard-pressed), then m  the people hid themselves in caves, in thickets, in cliffs, in cellars, and in pits. 7Also some of the Hebrews crossed the Jordan into the land of n  Gad and Gilead. But as for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.

8Now o  he waited seven days, according to the appointed time set by Samuel, but Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattering from him. 9So Saul said, “Bring to me the burnt offering and the peace offerings.” And p  he offered the burnt offering. 10As soon as he finished offering the burnt offering, behold, Samuel came; and q  Saul went out to meet him and to
Lit bless
greet him.
11But Samuel said, “What have you done?” And Saul said, “Because I saw that the people were scattering from me, and that you did not come within the appointed days, and that s  the Philistines were assembling at Michmash, 12therefore I said, ‘Now the Philistines will come down against me at Gilgal, and I have not asked the favor of the  Lord.’ So I forced myself and offered the burnt offering.” 13Samuel said to Saul t  You have acted foolishly; u  you have not kept the commandment of the  Lord your God, which He commanded you, for now the  Lord would have established your kingdom
Lit to
over Israel w  forever.
14“But x  now your kingdom shall not endure. y  The  Lord has sought out for Himself a man after His own heart, and the  Lord has appointed him as ruler over His people, because you have not kept what the  Lord commanded you.”

15Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to z  Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul
Lit mustered
numbered the people who were present with him, ab  about six hundred men.
16Now Saul and his son Jonathan and the people who were present with them were staying in ac  Geba of Benjamin while the Philistines camped at Michmash. 17And ad  the
Lit destroyers
raiders came from the camp of the Philistines in three
Lit heads
companies: one
Lit head
company turned
Lit toward the direction of
toward ai  Ophrah, to the land of Shual,
18and another
Lit head
company turned
Lit the direction of
toward al  Beth-horon, and another
Lit head
company turned
Lit the direction of
toward the border which overlooks the valley of ao  Zeboim toward the wilderness.

19Now ap  no blacksmith could be found in all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, “Otherwise the Hebrews will make
Lit sword or spear
ar  swords or spears.”
20So all Israel went down to the Philistines, each to sharpen his plowshare, his mattock, his axe, and his hoe. 21The charge was
Heb pim
two-thirds of a shekel for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to fix the hoes.
22So it came about on the day of battle that at  neither sword nor spear was found in the hands of any of the people who were with Saul and Jonathan, but they were found with Saul and his son Jonathan. 23And au  the garrison of the Philistines went out to av  the pass of Michmash.
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