1 Samuel 17

Goliath’s Challenge

Now a the Philistines gathered their armies for battle; and they were gathered at Socoh which belongs to Judah, and they camped between b Socoh and c Azekah, in d Ephes-dammim. Saul and the men of Israel were gathered and camped in e the valley of Elah, and drew up in battle array to encounter the Philistines. The Philistines stood on the mountain on one side while Israel stood on the mountain on the other side, with the valley between them. Then a champion came out from the armies of the Philistines named f Goliath, from g Gath, whose height was six
I.e. One cubit equals approx 18 in.
cubits and a span.
He had a bronze helmet on his head, and he was clothed with scale-armor
Lit and the weight of the armor was
which weighed five thousand shekels of bronze.
He also had bronze
Or shin guards
greaves on his legs and a k bronze javelin slung between his shoulders.
l The shaft of his spear was like a weaver’s beam, and the head of his spear weighed six hundred shekels of iron; m his shield-carrier also walked before him. He stood and shouted to the ranks of Israel and said to them, “Why do you come out to draw up in battle array? Am I not the Philistine and you n servants of Saul? Choose a man for yourselves and let him come down to me. o If he is able to fight with me and
Lit smite
kill me, then we will become your servants; but if I prevail against him and
Lit smite
kill him, then you shall become our servants and serve us.”
10 Again the Philistine said r I defy the ranks of Israel this day; give me a man that we may fight together.” 11 When Saul and all Israel heard these words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly afraid.

12 Now David was s the son of
Lit this
the u Ephrathite of Bethlehem in Judah, whose name was Jesse, and v he had eight sons. And
Lit the man
Jesse was old in the days of Saul, advanced in years among men.
13 The three older sons of Jesse had
Lit gone; they went
gone after Saul to the battle. And y the names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and the second to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.
14  z David was the youngest. Now the three oldest followed Saul, 15  aa but David went back and forth from Saul ab to tend his father’s flock at Bethlehem. 16 The Philistine came
Lit near
forward morning and evening for forty days and took his stand.

17 Then Jesse said to David his son ad Take now for your brothers an ephah of this roasted grain and these ten loaves and run to the camp to your brothers. 18  ae Bring also these ten cuts of cheese to the commander of their thousand af and look into the welfare of your brothers, and bring back
Lit their pledge
news of them.
19 For Saul and they and all the men of Israel are in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.”

David Accepts the Challenge

20 So David arose early in the morning and left the flock with a keeper and took the supplies and went as Jesse had commanded him. And he came to the ah circle of the camp while the army was going out in battle array shouting the war cry. 21 Israel and the Philistines drew up in battle array, army against army. 22 Then David left his ai baggage in the
Lit hand
care of the baggage keeper, and ran to the battle line and entered in order to greet his brothers.
23 As he was talking with them, behold, the champion, the Philistine from Gath named Goliath, was coming up from the army of the Philistines, and he spoke ak these same words; and David heard them.

24 When all the men of Israel saw the man, they fled from him and were greatly afraid. 25 The men of Israel said, “Have you seen this man who is coming up? Surely he is coming up to defy Israel. And it will be that the king will enrich the man who kills him with great riches and al will give him his daughter and make his father’s house
I.e. free from taxes and public service
free in Israel.”

26 Then David spoke to the men who were standing by him, saying, “What will be done for the man who kills this Philistine and takes away an the reproach from Israel? For who is this ao uncircumcised Philistine, that he should ap taunt the armies of aq the living God?” 27 The people
Lit said to
answered him in accord with this word, saying as Thus it will be done for the man who kills him.”

28 Now Eliab his oldest brother heard when he spoke to the men; and at Eliab’s anger burned against David and he said, “Why have you come down? And with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your insolence and the wickedness of your heart; for you have come down in order to see the battle.” 29 But David said, “What have I done now? Was it not just a
Lit word
question?”
30 Then he turned
Lit from beside him
away from him to another and aw said the same thing; and the people answered the same thing as
Lit the former word
before.

David Kills Goliath

31 When the words which David spoke were heard, they told them
Lit before
to Saul, and he sent for him.
32 David said to Saul az Let no man’s heart fail on account of him; ba your servant will go and fight with this Philistine.” 33 Then Saul said to David bb You are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him; for you are but a youth while he has been a warrior from his youth.” 34 But David said to Saul, “Your servant was tending his father’s sheep. When a lion or a bear came and took a lamb from the flock, 35 I went out after him and
Lit smote
attacked him, and bd rescued it from his mouth; and when he rose up against me, I seized him by his beard and
Lit smote
struck him and killed him.
36 Your servant has
Lit smitten
killed both the lion and the bear; and this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, since he has taunted the armies of the living God.”
37 And David said bg “The  Lord who delivered me from the paw of the lion and from the paw of the bear, He will deliver me from the hand of this Philistine.” And Saul said to David bh Go, and may the  Lord be with you.” 38 Then Saul clothed David with his garments and put a bronze helmet on his head, and he clothed him with armor. 39 David girded his sword over his armor and tried to walk, for he had not tested them. So David said to Saul, “I cannot go with these, for I have not tested them.” And David took them
Lit off from himself
off.
40 He took his stick in his hand and chose for himself five smooth stones from the brook, and put them in the shepherd’s bag which he had, even in his pouch, and bj his sling was in his hand; and he approached the Philistine.

41 Then the Philistine came on and approached David, with the shield-bearer in front of him. 42 When the Philistine looked and saw David bk he disdained him; for he was but a youth, and bl ruddy, with a handsome appearance. 43 The Philistine said to David bm Am I a dog, that you come to me with sticks?” And bn the Philistine cursed David by his gods. 44 The Philistine also said to David, “Come to me, and I will give your flesh bo to the birds of the sky and the beasts of the field.” 45 Then David said to the Philistine, “You come to me with a sword, a spear, and a javelin bp but I come to you in the name of the  Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have taunted. 46 This day the  Lord will deliver you up into my hands, and I will strike you down and remove your head from you. And I will give the bq dead bodies of the army of the Philistines this day to the birds of the sky and the wild beasts of the earth, br that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel, 47 and that all this assembly may know that bs the  Lord does not deliver by sword or by spear; bt for the battle is the  Lord’s and He will give you into our hands.”

48 Then it happened when the Philistine rose and came and drew near to meet David, that bu David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet the Philistine. 49 And David put his hand into his bag and took from it a stone and slung it, and struck the Philistine on his forehead. And the stone sank into his forehead, so that he fell on his face to the ground.

50 Thus David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and a stone, and he struck the Philistine and killed him; but there was no sword in David’s hand. 51 Then David ran and stood over the Philistine and bv took his sword and drew it out of its sheath and killed him, and cut off his head with it. bw When the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled. 52 The men of Israel and Judah arose and shouted and pursued the Philistines
Lit until your coming to
as far as the valley, and to the gates of by Ekron. And the slain Philistines
Lit fell
lay along the way to ca Shaaraim, even to Gath and Ekron.
53 The sons of Israel returned from chasing the Philistines and plundered their camps. 54 Then David took the Philistine’s head and brought it to Jerusalem, but he put his weapons in his tent.

55 Now when Saul saw David going out against the Philistine, he said to Abner the commander of the army, “Abner, whose son is cb this young man?” And Abner said, “By your life, O king, I do not know.” 56 The king said, “You inquire whose son the youth is.” 57 So when David returned from killing the Philistine, Abner took him and cc brought him before Saul with the Philistine’s head in his hand. 58 Saul said to him, “Whose son are you, young man?” And David answered cd I am the son of your servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.”
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