1 Samuel 18

Jonathan and David

1Now it came about when he had finished speaking to Saul, that a  the soul of Jonathan was knit to the soul of David, and b  Jonathan loved him as himself. 2Saul took him that day and c  did not let him return to his father’s house. 3Then d  Jonathan made a covenant with David because he loved him as himself. 4 e  Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was on him and gave it to David, with his armor, including his sword and his bow and his belt. 5So David went out wherever Saul sent him, and
Or acted wisely
prospered; and Saul set him over the men of war. And it was pleasing in the sight of all the people and also in the sight of Saul’s servants.

6It happened as they were coming, when David returned from killing the Philistine, that g  the women came out of all the cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet King Saul, with tambourines, with joy and with
I.e. triangles; or three-stringed instruments
musical instruments.
7The women i  sang as they
Or danced
played, and said, k  Saul has slain his thousands,
l  And David his ten thousands.”

8Then Saul became very angry, for this saying
Lit was evil in his eyes
displeased him; and he said, “They have ascribed to David ten thousands, but to me they have ascribed thousands. Now n  what more can he have but the kingdom?”
9Saul looked at David with suspicion from that day on.

Saul Turns against David

10Now it came about on the next day that o  an evil spirit from God came mightily upon Saul, and p  he raved in the midst of the house, while David was playing the harp with his hand
Lit day by day
r  as usual; and
Lit the
t  a spear was in Saul’s hand.
11 u  Saul hurled the spear for he thought, “I will
Lit strike David and the wall
pin David to the wall.” But David
Lit turned about
escaped from his presence twice.

12Now x  Saul was afraid of David, y  for the  Lord was with him but z  had departed from Saul. 13Therefore Saul removed him from
Lit with him
his presence and appointed him as his commander of a thousand; and ab  he went out and came in before the people.
14David was
Or acting wisely
prospering in all his ways for ad  the  Lord was with him.
15When Saul saw that he was
Or acting very wisely
prospering greatly, he dreaded him.
16But af  all Israel and Judah loved David, and he went out and came in before them.

17Then Saul said to David ag  Here is my older daughter Merab; I will give her to you as a wife, only be a valiant man for me and fight ah  the  Lord’s battles.” For Saul thought, “My hand shall not be against him, but ai  let the hand of the Philistines be against him.” 18But David said to Saul aj  Who am I, and what is my life or my father’s family in Israel, that I should be the king’s son-in-law?” 19So it came about at the time when Merab, Saul’s daughter, should have been given to David, that she was given to ak  Adriel al  the Meholathite for a wife.

David Marries Saul’s Daughter

20Now am  Michal, Saul’s daughter, loved David. When they told Saul, the thing was agreeable
Lit in his sight
to him.
21Saul thought, “I will give her to him that she may become a snare to him, and ao  that the hand of the Philistines may be against him.” Therefore Saul said to David ap  For a second time you may be my son-in-law today.” 22Then Saul commanded his servants, “Speak to David secretly, saying, ‘Behold, the king delights in you, and all his servants love you; now therefore, become the king’s son-in-law.’” 23So Saul’s servants spoke these words
Lit in the ears of
to David. But David said, “Is it trivial in your sight to become the king’s son-in-law ar  since I am a poor man and lightly esteemed?”
24The servants of Saul reported to him
Lit by saying according
according to these words which David spoke.
25Saul then said, “Thus you shall say to David, ‘The king does not desire any at  dowry except a hundred foreskins of the Philistines au  to take vengeance on the king’s enemies.’” Now av  Saul planned to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines. 26When his servants told David these words
Lit it was agreeable in the sight of
it pleased David to become the king’s son-in-law.
Lit And the days had not expired
ay  Before the days had expired
27David rose up and went az  he and his men, and struck down two hundred men among the Philistines. Then ba  David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full number to the king, that he might become the king’s son-in-law. So Saul gave him Michal his daughter for a wife. 28When Saul saw and knew that the  Lord was with David, and that Michal, Saul’s daughter, loved him, 29then Saul was even more afraid of David. Thus Saul was David’s enemy continually.

30Then the commanders of the Philistines bb  went out to battle, and it happened as often as they went out, that David bc  behaved himself more wisely than all the servants of Saul. So his name was highly esteemed.
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