1 Samuel 2

Hannah’s Song of Thanksgiving

Then Hannah a prayed and said, My heart exults in the  Lord;
b My
I.e. strength
horn is exalted in the  Lord,
My mouth
Lit is enlarged
speaks boldly against my enemies,
Because e I rejoice in Your salvation.
f There is no one holy like the  Lord,
Indeed g there is no one besides You,
h Nor is there any rock like our God.
Lit Talk much
Boast no more so very proudly,
j Do not let arrogance come out of your mouth;
k For the  Lord is a God of knowledge,
l And with Him actions are weighed.
m The bows of the mighty are shattered,
n But the feeble gird on strength.
Those who were full hire themselves out for bread,
But those who were hungry cease to hunger.
o Even the barren gives birth to seven,
But p she who has many children languishes.
q “The  Lord kills and makes alive;
r He brings down to
I.e. the nether world
Sheol and raises up.
t “The  Lord makes poor and rich;
u He brings low, He also exalts.
v He raises the poor from the dust,
w He lifts the needy from the ash heap
x To make them sit with nobles,
And inherit a seat of honor;
y For the pillars of the earth are the  Lord’s,
And He set the world on them.
z He keeps the feet of His godly ones,
aa But the wicked ones are silenced in darkness;
ab For not by might shall a man prevail.
10  ac Those who contend with the  Lord will be shattered;
ad Against them He will thunder in the heavens,
ae The  Lord will judge the ends of the earth;
af And He will give strength to His king,
ag And will exalt the
I.e. strength
horn of His anointed.”

11 Then Elkanah went to his home at ai Ramah. aj But the boy ministered to the  Lord before Eli the priest.

The Sin of Eli’s Sons

12 Now the sons of Eli were
Lit sons of Belial
al worthless men; they did not know the  Lord
13  am and the custom of the priests with the people. When any man was offering a sacrifice, the priest’s servant would come while the meat was boiling, with a three-pronged fork in his hand. 14 Then he would thrust it into the pan, or kettle, or caldron, or pot; all that the fork brought up the priest would take for himself. Thus they did in Shiloh to all the Israelites who came there. 15 Also, before an they burned the fat, the priest’s servant would come and say to the man who was sacrificing, “Give the priest meat for roasting, as he will not take boiled meat from you, only raw.” 16 If the man said to him, “They must surely
Lit offer up in smoke
burn the fat
Lit like the day
first, and then take as much as
Lit your soul
you desire,” then he would say, “No, but you shall give it to me now; and if not, I will take it by force.”
17 Thus the sin of the young men was very great before the  Lord, for the men ar despised the offering of the  Lord.

Samuel before the  Lord as a Boy

18 Now as Samuel was ministering before the  Lord, as a boy
Lit girded with
au wearing a linen ephod.
19 And his mother would make him a little av robe and bring it to him from year to year when she would come up with her husband to offer aw the yearly sacrifice. 20 Then Eli would ax bless Elkanah and his wife and say, “May the  Lord give you
Lit seed
children from this woman in place of
Lit the one asked for which was lent
the one she ba dedicated to the  Lord.” And they went to their own
Lit place

21  bc The  Lord visited Hannah; and she conceived and gave birth to three sons and two daughters. And bd the boy Samuel grew before the  Lord.

Eli Rebukes His Sons

22 Now Eli was very old; and he heard be all that his sons were doing to all Israel, and how they lay with bf the women who served at the doorway of the tent of meeting. 23 He said to them, “Why do you do such things, the evil things that I hear from all these people? 24 No, my sons; for the report is not good bg which I hear
Or making the  Lord’s people transgress
the  Lord’s people circulating.
25 If one man sins against another, bi God will mediate for him; but bj if a man sins against the  Lord, who can intercede for him?” But they would not listen to the voice of their father, for the bk  Lord desired to put them to death.

26 Now the boy bl Samuel
Lit was going on both great and good
was growing in stature and in favor both with the  Lord and with men.

27 Then bn a man of God came to Eli and said to him, “Thus says the  Lord, ‘ bo Did I not indeed reveal Myself to the house of your father when they were in Egypt in bondage to Pharaoh’s house? 28 bp Did I not choose them from all the tribes of Israel to be My priests, to go up to My altar, to burn incense, to carry an ephod before Me; and did I not bq give to the house of your father all the fire offerings of the sons of Israel? 29 Why do you br kick at My sacrifice and at My offering bs which I have commanded in My bt dwelling, and bu honor your sons above Me, by making yourselves fat with the
Or first
choicest of every offering of My people Israel?’
30 Therefore the  Lord God of Israel declares, ‘ bw I did indeed say that your house and the house of your father should walk before Me forever’; but now the  Lord declares, ‘Far be it from Me— for bx those who honor Me I will honor, and those by who despise Me will be lightly esteemed. 31 Behold, bz the days are coming when I will break your
Or arm
strength and the
Or arm
strength of your father’s house so that there will not be an old man in your house.
32 You will see cc the distress of My dwelling, in spite of all the good that
Lit He does
I do for Israel; and an ce old man will not be in your house forever.
33 Yet I will not cut off every man of yours from My altar
Lit to waste away your eyes and to grieve your soul
so that your eyes will fail from weeping and your soul grieve, and all the increase of your house will die
Lit as men
in the prime of life.
34 This will be ch the sign to you which will come concerning your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas: ci on the same day both of them will die. 35 ‘But cj I will raise up for Myself a faithful priest who will do according to what is in My heart and in My soul; and ck I will build him an enduring house, and he will walk before cl My anointed always. 36 Everyone who is left in your house will come and bow down to him for a
Or payment
piece of silver or a loaf of bread and say, “Please
Lit attach
assign me to one of the priest’s offices so that I may eat a piece of bread.”’”
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