1 Samuel 25

Samuel’s Death

1 a  Then Samuel died; and all Israel gathered together and b  mourned for him, and c  buried him at his house in Ramah. And David arose and went down to the d  wilderness of Paran.

Nabal and Abigail

2Now there was a man in e  Maon whose business was in f  Carmel; and the man was very
Lit great
rich, and he had three thousand sheep and a thousand goats. And it came about while h  he was shearing his sheep in Carmel
3(now the man’s name was Nabal, and his i  wife’s name was Abigail. And the woman was
Lit of good understanding
intelligent and beautiful in appearance, but the man was harsh and evil in his dealings, and he was k  a Calebite),
4that David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep. 5So David sent ten young men; and David said to the young men, “Go up to Carmel
Lit go into
visit Nabal and greet him in my name;
6and thus you shall say, ‘
Lit To life
Have a long life n  peace be to you, and peace be to your house, and peace be to all that you have.
7Now I have heard o  that you have shearers; now your shepherds have been with us and we have not insulted them, p  nor have they missed anything all the days they were in Carmel. 8Ask your young men and they will tell you. Therefore let my young men find favor in your eyes, for we have come on q  a
Lit good
festive day. Please give whatever you find at hand to your servants and to your son David.’”

9When David’s young men came, they spoke to Nabal according to all these words in David’s name; then they waited. 10But Nabal answered David’s servants and said s  Who is David? And who is the son of Jesse? There are many servants today who are each breaking away from his master. 11“Shall I then t  take my bread and my water and my meat that I have slaughtered for my shearers, and give it to men
Lit from where they are
whose origin I do not know?”
12So David’s young men retraced their way and went back; and they came and told him according to all these words. 13David said to his men, “Each of you gird on his sword.” So each man girded on his sword. And David also girded on his sword, and about v  four hundred men went up behind David while two hundred w  stayed with the baggage.

14But one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal’s wife, saying, “Behold, David sent messengers from the wilderness to
Lit bless
y  greet our master, and he scorned them.
15Yet the men were very good to us, and we were not z  insulted, nor did we miss anything
Lit all the days
as long as we went about with them, while we were in the fields.
16 ab  They were a wall to us both by night and by day, all the time we were with them tending the sheep. 17Now therefore, know and
Lit see
consider what you should do, for evil is plotted against our master and against all his household; and he is such a
Lit son of Belial
worthless man that no one can speak to him.”

Abigail Intercedes

18Then Abigail hurried and ae  took two hundred loaves of bread and two jugs of wine and five sheep already prepared and five measures of roasted grain and a hundred clusters of raisins and two hundred cakes of figs, and loaded them on donkeys. 19She said to her young men af  Go on before me; behold, I am coming after you.” But she did not tell her husband Nabal. 20It came about as she was riding on her donkey and coming down by the hidden part of the mountain, that behold, David and his men were coming down toward her; so she met them. 21Now David had said, “Surely in vain I have guarded all that this man has in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that belonged to him; and he has ag  returned me evil for good. 22 ah  May God do so to the enemies of David, and more also ai  if by morning I leave as much as one
Lit who urinates against the wall
male of any who belong to him.”

23When Abigail saw David, she hurried and dismounted from her donkey, and fell on her face before David ak  and bowed herself to the ground. 24She fell at his feet and said, “On me
Lit even me
alone, my lord, be the blame. And please let your maidservant speak
Lit in your ears
to you, and listen to the words of your maidservant.
25Please do not let my lord
Lit set his heart to
pay attention to this
Lit man of Belial
worthless man, Nabal, for as his name is, so is he.
I.e. Fool
Nabal is his name and folly is with him; but I your maidservant did not see the young men of my lord whom you sent.

26Now therefore, my lord, as the  Lord lives, and as your soul lives, since the  Lord has restrained you from
Lit coming in with blood
shedding blood, and ar  from
Lit saving
avenging yourself by your own hand, now then at  let your enemies and those who seek evil against my lord, be as Nabal.
27Now let au  this
Lit blessing
gift which your maidservant has brought to my lord be given to the young men who
Lit walk at the feet of
accompany my lord.
28Please forgive ax  the transgression of your maidservant; for ay  the  Lord will certainly make for my lord an enduring house, because my lord is az  fighting the battles of the  Lord, and ba  evil will not be found in you all your days. 29Should anyone rise up to pursue you and to seek your
Lit soul
life, then the
Lit soul
life of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of the living with the  Lord your God; but the
Lit soul
lives of your enemies be  He will sling out
Lit in the midst
as from the hollow of a sling.
30And when the  Lord does for my lord according to all the good that He has spoken concerning you, and bg  appoints you ruler over Israel, 31this will not
Lit become staggering to you or a stumbling of the heart
cause grief or a troubled heart to my lord, both by having shed blood without cause and by my lord having
Lit saved
avenged himself. bj  When the  Lord deals well with my lord, then remember your maidservant.”

32Then David said to Abigail bk  Blessed be the  Lord God of Israel, who sent you this day to meet me, 33and blessed be your discernment, and blessed be you, bl  who have kept me this day from
Lit coming in with blood
bloodshed and from
Lit saving
avenging myself by my own hand.
34Nevertheless, as the  Lord God of Israel lives, bo  who has restrained me from harming you, unless you had come quickly to meet me, surely there would not have been left to Nabal until the morning light as much as one
Lit who urinates against the wall
35So David received from her hand what she had brought him and said to her, bq  Go up to your house in peace. See, I have listened to
Lit your voice
you and
Lit lifted up your face
bt  granted your request.”

36Then Abigail came to Nabal, and behold, he was holding bu  a feast in his house, like the feast of a king. And Nabal’s heart was merry within him, bv  for he was very drunk; so bw  she did not tell him anything
Lit small or large
at all until the morning light.
37But in the morning, when the wine had gone out of Nabal, his wife told him these things, and his heart died within him so that he became as a stone. 38About ten days later, by  the  Lord struck Nabal and he died.

David Marries Abigail

39When David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, “Blessed be the  Lord, who has bz  pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal and ca  has kept back His servant from evil. The  Lord has also returned the evildoing of Nabal on his own head.” Then David sent
Lit and spoke
cc  a proposal to Abigail, to take her as his wife.
40When the servants of David came to Abigail at Carmel, they spoke to her, saying, “David has sent us to you to take you as his wife.” 41She arose cd  and bowed with her face to the ground and said, “Behold, your maidservant is a maid ce  to wash the feet of my lord’s servants.” 42Then cf  Abigail quickly arose, and rode on a donkey, with her five maidens who
Lit walked at her feet
attended her; and she followed the messengers of David and became his wife.

43David had also taken Ahinoam of ch  Jezreel, and ci  they both became his wives.

44Now Saul had given cj  Michal his daughter, David’s wife, to Palti the son of Laish, who was from ck  Gallim.
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