1 Samuel 30

David’s Victory over the Amalekites

Then it happened when David and his men came to a Ziklag on the third day, that b the Amalekites had made a raid on the
I.e. South country
Negev and on d Ziklag, and had
Lit smote
overthrown Ziklag and burned it with fire;
and they took captive the women and all who were in it, both small and great
Lit they did not kill
,
g without killing anyone, and carried them off and went their way.
When David and his men came to the city, behold, it was burned with fire, and their wives and their sons and their daughters had been taken captive. Then David and the people who were with him h lifted their voices and wept until there was no strength in them to weep. Now i David’s two wives had been taken captive, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess and Abigail the
Lit wife
widow of Nabal the Carmelite.
Moreover David was greatly distressed because k the people spoke of stoning him, for all the people were
Lit bitter in soul
embittered, each one because of his sons and his daughters. But m David strengthened himself in the  Lord his God.

Then n David said to o Abiathar the priest, the son of Ahimelech, “Please bring me the ephod.” So Abiathar brought the ephod to David. p David inquired of the  Lord, saying q Shall I pursue this band? Shall I overtake them?” And He said to him, “Pursue, for you will surely overtake them, r and you will surely rescue all.” So David went s he and the six hundred men who were with him, and came to the brook Besor, where those left behind remained. 10 But David pursued, he and four hundred men, for t two hundred who were too exhausted to cross the brook Besor remained behind.

11 Now they found an Egyptian in the field and brought him to David, and gave him bread and he ate, and they provided him water to drink. 12 They gave him a piece of fig cake and two clusters of raisins, and he ate; u then his spirit
Lit returned to him
revived. For he had not eaten bread or drunk water for three days and three nights.
13 David said to him, “To whom do you belong? And where are you from?” And he said, “I am a young man of Egypt, a servant of an Amalekite; and my master left me behind when I fell sick three days ago. 14 We made a raid on w the
I.e. South country
Negev of the Cherethites, and on that which belongs to Judah, and on y the
I.e. South country
Negev of Caleb, and aa we burned Ziklag with fire.”
15 Then David said to him, “Will you bring me down to this band?” And he said, “Swear to me by God that you will not kill me or deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will bring you down to this band.”

16 When he had brought him down, behold, they were
Lit left
spread over all the land ac eating and drinking and
Lit keeping a pilgrim-feast
dancing because of ae all the great spoil that they had taken from the land of the Philistines and from the land of Judah.
17 David
Lit smote
slaughtered them ag from the twilight
Lit even until
until the evening of
Lit their
the next day; and not a man of them escaped, except four hundred young men who rode on aj camels and fled.
18 So David ak recovered all that the Amalekites had taken, and
Lit David rescued
rescued his two wives.
19 But nothing of theirs was missing, whether small or great, sons or daughters, spoil or anything that they had taken for themselves; am David brought it all back. 20 So David had
Lit taken
captured all the sheep and the cattle which the people drove ahead of
Lit those livestock
the other livestock, and they said ap This is David’s spoil.”

The Spoils Are Divided

21 When aq David came to the two hundred men who were too exhausted to follow David, who had also been left at the brook Besor, and they went out to meet David and to meet the people who were with him, then David approached the people and greeted them. 22 Then all the wicked and worthless men among those who went with David said, “Because they did not go with
Lit me
us, we will not give them any of the spoil that we have recovered, except to every man his wife and his children, that they may lead them away and depart.”
23 Then David said, “You must not do so, my brothers, with what the  Lord has given us, who has kept us and delivered into our hand the band that came against us. 24 And who will listen to you in this matter? For as as his share is who goes down to the battle, so shall his share be who stays by the baggage; they shall share alike.” 25 So it has been from that day forward, that he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel to this day.

26 Now when David came to Ziklag, he sent some of the spoil to the elders of Judah, to his friends, saying, “Behold at a
Lit blessing
gift for you from the spoil of av the enemies of the  Lord:
27 to those who were in aw Bethel, and to those who were in ax Ramoth of the
I.e. South country
Negev, and to those who were in az Jattir,
28 and to those who were in ba Aroer, and to those who were in Siphmoth, and to those who were in bb Eshtemoa, 29 and to those who were in Racal, and to those who were in the cities of bc the Jerahmeelites, and to those who were in the cities of bd the Kenites, 30 and to those who were in be Hormah, and to those who were in bf Bor-ashan, and to those who were in Athach, 31 and to those who were in bg Hebron, and to all the places where David himself and his men were accustomed to bh go.”
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