2 Kings 18

Hezekiah Reigns over Judah

1Now it came about a  in the third year of Hoshea, the son of Elah king of Israel, that b  Hezekiah the son of Ahaz king of Judah became king. 2He was c  twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Abi the daughter of Zechariah. 3 d  He did right in the sight of the  Lord, according to all that his father David had done. 4 e  He removed the high places and broke down the sacred pillars and cut down the
I.e. a wooden symbol of a female deity
Asherah. He also broke in pieces g  the bronze serpent that Moses had made, for until those days the sons of Israel burned incense to it; and it was called
I.e. a piece of bronze
5 i  He trusted in the  Lord, the God of Israel; j  so that after him there was none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor among those who were before him. 6For he k  clung to the  Lord; he did not depart from following Him, but kept His commandments, which the  Lord had commanded Moses.

Hezekiah Victorious

7 l  And the  Lord was with him; wherever he went he prospered. And m  he rebelled against the king of Assyria and did not serve him. 8 n  He
Lit smote
defeated the Philistines as far as Gaza and its territory, from p  watchtower to fortified city.

9Now in the fourth year of King Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel q  Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria and besieged it. 10At the end of three years they captured it; in the sixth year of Hezekiah, which was r  the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria was captured. 11Then the king of Assyria carried Israel away into exile to Assyria, and put them in s  Halah and on the Habor, the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes, 12because they t  did not obey the voice of the  Lord their God, but transgressed His covenant, even all that Moses the servant of the  Lord commanded; they would neither listen nor do it.

Invasion of Judah

13 u  Now in the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah, Sennacherib king of Assyria came up against all the fortified cities of Judah and seized them. 14Then Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria at Lachish, saying v  I have done wrong.
Lit Return
Withdraw from me; whatever you
Lit give
impose on me I will bear.” So the king of Assyria
Lit put on
required of Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold.
15 z  Hezekiah gave him all the silver which was found in the house of the  Lord, and in the treasuries of the king’s house. 16At that time Hezekiah cut off the gold from the doors of the temple of the  Lord, and from the doorposts which Hezekiah king of Judah had overlaid, and gave it to the king of Assyria.

17Then the king of Assyria sent aa  Tartan and Rab-saris and Rabshakeh from Lachish to King Hezekiah with a large army to Jerusalem. So they went up and came to Jerusalem. And when they went up, they came and stood by the ab  conduit of the upper pool, which is on the highway of the
I.e. launderer’s
fuller’s field.
18When they called to the king ad  Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and ae  Shebnah the scribe and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder, came out to them.

19Then Rabshakeh said to them, “Say now to Hezekiah, ‘Thus says the great king, the king of Assyria af  What is this confidence that you
Lit trust
20You say (but they are
Lit a word of the lips
only empty words), ‘I have counsel and strength for the war.’ Now on whom do you rely, ai  that you have rebelled against me?
21Now behold, you
Lit rely for yourself
ak  rely on the staff of this crushed reed, even on Egypt; on which if a man leans, it will go into his
Lit palm
hand and pierce it. So is Pharaoh king of Egypt to all who rely on him.
22But if you say to me, ‘We trust in the  Lord our God,’ is it not He whose high places and am  whose altars Hezekiah has taken away, and has said to Judah and to Jerusalem, ‘You shall worship before this altar in Jerusalem’? 23Now therefore,
Lit please exchange pledges
come, make a bargain with my master the king of Assyria, and I will give you two thousand horses, if you are able on your part to set riders on them.
24How then can you
Lit turn away the face of
repulse one
Or governor
official of the least of my master’s servants, and
Lit rely for yourself
rely on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen?
25Have I now come up
Lit without the  Lord
without the  Lord’s approval against this place to destroy it? The  Lord said to me, ‘Go up against this land and destroy it.’”’”

26Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebnah and Joah, said to Rabshakeh, “Speak now to your servants in Aramaic, for we
Lit hear
understand it; and do not speak with us in
I.e. Hebrew
au  Judean in the hearing of the people who are on the wall.”
27But Rabshakeh said to them, “Has my master sent me only to your master and to you to speak these words, and not to the men who sit on the wall, doomed to eat their own dung and drink their own urine with you?”

28Then Rabshakeh stood and cried with a loud voice in Judean
Lit and spoke, saying,
saying, “Hear the word of the great king, the king of Assyria.
29Thus says the king, ‘ aw  Do not let Hezekiah deceive you, for he will not be able to deliver you from
Heb his
my hand;
30nor let Hezekiah make you trust in the  Lord, saying, “The  Lord will surely deliver us, and this city will not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.” 31Do not listen to Hezekiah, for thus says the king of Assyria,
Lit Make with me a blessing
Make your peace with me and come out to me, and eat az  each of his vine and each of his fig tree and drink each of the waters of his own cistern,
32until I come and take you away ba  to a land like your own land, a land of grain and new wine, a land of bread and vineyards, a land of olive trees and honey, that you may live and not die.” But do not listen to Hezekiah when he misleads you, saying, “The  Lord will deliver us.” 33bb  Has any one of the gods of the nations delivered his land from the hand of the king of Assyria? 34bc  Where are the gods of Hamath and bd  Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena and
In 2 Kin 17:24, Avva
bf  Ivvah? Have they delivered Samaria from my hand?
35Who among all the gods of the lands
Lit who have
have delivered their land from my hand, bh  that the  Lord should deliver Jerusalem from my hand?’”

36But the people were silent and answered him not a word, for the king’s commandment was, “Do not answer him.” 37Then bi  Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebna the scribe and Joah the son of Asaph, the recorder, came to Hezekiah bj  with their clothes torn and told him the words of Rabshakeh.
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