Acts 22

Paul’s Defense before the Jews

1 a  Brethren and fathers, hear my defense which I now offer to you.”

2And when they heard that he was addressing them in the
I.e. Jewish Aramaic
c  Hebrew dialect, they became even more quiet; and he said,

3 d  I am e  a Jew, born in f  Tarsus of g  Cilicia, but brought up in this city, educated
Lit at the feet of
under i  Gamaliel
Lit according to the strictness of the ancestral law
k  strictly according to the law of our fathers, being zealous for God just as l  you all are today.
4 m  I persecuted this n  Way to the death, binding and putting both men and women into prisons, 5as also o  the high priest and all p  the Council of the elders
Lit testifies for me
can testify. From them I also r  received letters to s  the brethren, and started off for t  Damascus in order to bring even those who were there to Jerusalem
Lit having been bound
as prisoners to be punished.

6 v  But it happened that as I was on my way, approaching Damascus about noontime, a very bright light suddenly flashed from heaven all around me, 7and I fell to the ground and heard a voice saying to me, Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me?’ 8And I answered, ‘Who are You, Lord?’ And He said to me, I am w  Jesus the Nazarene, whom you are persecuting.’ 9And those who were with me x  saw the light, to be sure, but y  did not
Or hear (with comprehension)
understand the voice of the One who was speaking to me.
10And I said, ‘ aa  What shall I do, Lord?’ And the Lord said to me, Get up and go on into Damascus, and there you will be told of all that has been appointed for you to do.’ 11But since I ab  could not see because of the
Lit glory
brightness of that light, I was led by the hand by those who were with me and came into Damascus.

12A certain ad  Ananias, a man who was devout by the standard of the Law, and ae  well spoken of by all the Jews who lived there, 13came to me, and standing near said to me, ‘ af  Brother Saul, receive your sight!’ And
Or instantly; lit at the very hour
ah  at that very time I looked up at him.
14And he said, ‘ ai  The God of our fathers has aj  appointed you to know His will and to ak  see the al  Righteous One and to hear an
Or message; lit voice
utterance from His mouth.
15‘For you will be an  a witness for Him to all men of ao  what you have seen and heard. 16Now why do you delay? ap  Get up and be baptized, and aq  wash away your sins, ar  calling on His name.’

17It happened when I as  returned to Jerusalem and was praying in the temple, that I at  fell into a trance, 18and I saw Him saying to me, au  Make haste, and get out of Jerusalem quickly, because they will not accept your testimony about Me.’ 19And I said, ‘Lord, they themselves understand that in one synagogue after another av  I used to imprison and aw  beat those who believed in You. 20‘And ax  when the blood of Your witness Stephen was being shed, I also was standing by approving, and watching out for the coats of those who were slaying him.’ 21And He said to me, Go! For I will send you far away ay  to the Gentiles.’

22They listened to him up to this statement, and then they raised their voices and said az  Away with such a fellow from the earth, for ba  he should not be allowed to live!” 23And as they were crying out and bb  throwing off their cloaks and bc  tossing dust into the air, 24the
I.e. chiliarch, in command of one thousand troops
commander ordered him to be brought into be  the barracks, stating that he should be bf  examined by scourging so that he might find out the reason why they were shouting against him that way.
25But when they stretched him out
Or for the whip
with thongs, Paul said to the centurion who was standing by, “Is it
Interrogation by torture was a procedure used with slaves
lawful for you to scourge bi  a man who is a Roman and uncondemned?”
26When the centurion heard this, he went to the
V 24, note 1
commander and told him, saying, “What are you about to do? For this man is a Roman.”
V 24, note 1
commander came and said to him, “Tell me, are you a Roman?” And he said, “Yes.”
V 24, note 1
commander answered, “I acquired this citizenship with a large sum of money.” And Paul said, “But I was actually born a citizen.”
29Therefore those who were about to bm  examine him immediately
Lit withdrew from
let go of him; and the
V 24, note 1
commander also bp  was afraid when he found out that he was a Roman, and because he had
Lit bound him
br  put him in chains.

30But on the next day bs  wishing to know for certain why he had been accused by the Jews, he bt  released him and ordered the chief priests and all bu  the
Or Sanhedrin
Council to assemble, and brought Paul down and set him before them.
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