Paul’s Defense before Agrippa1 a Agrippa said to Paul, “You are permitted to speak for yourself.” Then Paul stretched out his hand and proceeded to make his defense: 2 “In regard to all the things of which I am accused by the Jews, I consider myself fortunate, King Agrippa, that I am about to make my defense before you today; 3 ▼
▼ Or because you are especially expertespecially because you are an expert in all c customs and ▼
▼ Or controversial issuesquestions among the Jews; therefore I beg you to listen to me patiently. 4 “So then, all Jews know e my manner of life from my youth up, which from the beginning was spent among my own nation and at Jerusalem; 5 since they have known about me for a long time, if they are willing to testify, that I lived as a f Pharisee g according to the strictest h sect of our religion. 6 “And now I am ▼
▼ Lit being triedstanding trial j for the hope of k the promise made by God to our fathers; 7 the promise l to which our twelve tribes hope to attain, as they earnestly serve God night and day. And for this m hope, O King, I am being n accused by Jews. 8 “Why is it considered incredible among you people o if God does raise the dead? 9 “So then, p I thought to myself that I had to do many things hostile to q the name of Jesus of Nazareth. 10 “And this is ▼
▼ Lit alsojust what I s did in Jerusalem; not only did I lock up many of the ▼
▼ Or holy onessaints in prisons, having u received authority from the chief priests, but also when they were being put to death I v cast my vote against them. 11 “And w as I punished them often in all the synagogues, I tried to force them to blaspheme; and being x furiously enraged at them, I kept pursuing them y even to ▼
▼ Or outlyingforeign cities. 12 ▼
▼ Lit In which things“While so engaged ab as I was journeying to Damascus with the authority and commission of the chief priests, 13 at midday, O King, I saw on the way a light from heaven ▼
▼ Lit above the brightness ofbrighter than the sun, shining all around me and those who were journeying with me. 14 “And when we had ad all fallen to the ground, I heard a voice saying to me in the ▼
▼ I.e. Jewish Aramaic, af Hebrew dialect, ‘Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me? ▼
▼ An idiom referring to an animal’s futile resistance to being prodded with goadsIt is hard for you to kick against the goads.’ 15 “And I said, ‘Who are You, Lord?’ And the Lord said, ‘I am Jesus whom you are persecuting. 16 ‘But get up and ah stand on your feet; for this purpose I have appeared to you, to ai appoint you a aj minister and ak a witness not only to the things which you have ▼
▼ Two early mss read seen Meseen, but also to the things in which I will appear to you; 17 am rescuing you an from the Jewish people and from the Gentiles, to whom I am sending you, 18 to ao open their eyes so that they may turn from ap darkness to light and from the dominion of aq Satan to God, that they may receive ar forgiveness of sins and an as inheritance among those who have been sanctified by at faith in Me.’ 19 “So, King Agrippa, I did not prove disobedient to the heavenly vision, 20 but kept declaring both au to those of Damascus first, and also av at Jerusalem and then throughout all the region of Judea, and even aw to the Gentiles, that they should ax repent and turn to God, performing deeds ay appropriate to repentance. 21 “For this reason some Jews az seized me in the temple and tried ba to put me to death. 22 “So, having obtained help from God, I stand to this day bb testifying both to small and great, stating nothing but what bc the Prophets and Moses said was going to take place; 23 ▼
▼ Lit whether, be that ▼
▼ I.e. the Messiahthe Christ was ▼
▼ Lit subject to sufferingto suffer, and ▼
▼ Lit whetherthat bi by reason of His resurrection from the dead He would be the first to proclaim bj light both to the Jewish people and to the Gentiles.” 24 While Paul was saying this in his defense, Festus said in a loud voice, “Paul, you are out of your mind! ▼
▼ Lit The many lettersYour great bl learning is ▼
▼ Lit turning you to madnessdriving you mad.” 25 But Paul said, “I am not out of my mind bn most excellent Festus, but I utter words ▼
▼ Lit of truth and rationalityof sober truth. 26 “For the king ▼
▼ Or understands, bq knows about these matters, and I speak to him also with confidence, since I am persuaded that none of these things escape his notice; for this has not been done in a ▼
▼ I.e. a hidden or secret placecorner. 27 “King Agrippa, do you believe the Prophets? I know that you ▼
▼ Lit believedo.” 28 Agrippa replied to Paul ▼
▼ Or With a little“In a short time you ▼
▼ Or are trying to convincewill persuade me to ▼
▼ Lit makebecome a bw Christian.” 29 And Paul said ▼
▼ Or I would pray to“I would wish to God, that whether ▼
▼ Or with a little or with muchin a short or long time, not only you, but also all who hear me this day, might become such as I am, except for these bz chains.” 30 ca The king stood up and the governor and Bernice, and those who were sitting with them, 31 and when they had gone aside, they began talking to one another, saying cb “This man is not doing anything worthy of death or ▼
▼ Lit bondsimprisonment.” 32 And Agrippa said to Festus, “This man might have been cd set free if he had not ce appealed to Caesar.”
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