Acts 7

Stephen’s Defense

1The high priest said, “Are these things so?”

2And he said, “Hear me, a  brethren and fathers! b  The God of glory c  appeared to our father Abraham when he was in Mesopotamia, before he lived in
Gr Charran
Haran,
3and said to him, ‘ e  Leave your country and your relatives, and come into the land that I will show you.’ 4 f  Then he left the land of the Chaldeans and settled in
Gr Charran
Haran. h  From there, after his father died, God had him move to this country in which you are now living.
5But He gave him no inheritance in it, not even a foot of ground, and yet, even when he had no child, i  He promised that He would give it to him as a possession, and to his descendants after him. 6“But j  God spoke to this effect, that his descendants would be aliens in a foreign land, and that they would
Lit enslave them and mistreat them
be enslaved and mistreated for four hundred years.
7“‘And whatever nation to which they will be in bondage I Myself will judge,’ said God, ‘and l  after that they will come out and
Or worship
serve Me in this place.’
8“And He n  gave him
Or a
the covenant of circumcision; and so p  Abraham became the father of Isaac, and circumcised him on the eighth day; and q  Isaac became the father of Jacob, and r  Jacob of the twelve s  patriarchs.

9The patriarchs t  became jealous of Joseph and sold him into Egypt. Yet God was with him, 10and rescued him from all his afflictions, and u  granted him favor and wisdom in the sight of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and he made him governor over Egypt and all his household.

11Now v  a famine came over all Egypt and Canaan, and great affliction with it, and our fathers
Lit were not finding
could find no food.
12“But x  when Jacob heard that there was grain in Egypt, he sent our fathers there the first time. 13On the second visit y  Joseph
Or was made known
made himself known to his brothers, and aa  Joseph’s family was disclosed to Pharaoh.
14Then ab  Joseph sent word and invited Jacob his father and all his relatives to come to him, ac  seventy-five
Lit souls
,
ae  persons in all.
15“And af  Jacob went down to Egypt and there he and our fathers died. 16From there they were removed to
Gr Sychem
,
ah  Shechem and laid in the tomb which Abraham had purchased for a sum of money from the sons of
Gr Emmor
Hamor in
Gr Sychem
Shechem.

17“But as the ak  time of the promise was approaching which God had assured to Abraham, al  the people increased and multiplied in Egypt, 18until am  there arose another king over Egypt who knew nothing about Joseph. 19It was he who took an  shrewd advantage of our race and mistreated our fathers so that they would
Or put out to die
,
ap  expose their infants and they would not survive.
20It was at this time that aq  Moses was born; and he was lovely
Lit to God
in the sight of God, and he was nurtured three months in his father’s home.
21And after he had been set outside, as  Pharaoh’s daughter
Or adopted him
took him away and nurtured him as her own son.
22Moses was educated in all au  the learning of the Egyptians, and he was a man of power in words and deeds. 23But when he was approaching the age of forty, av  it entered his
Lit heart
mind to visit his brethren, the sons of Israel.
24And when he saw one of them being treated unjustly, he defended him and took vengeance for the oppressed by striking down the Egyptian. 25And he supposed that his brethren understood that God was granting them
Or salvation
deliverance
Lit through his hand
through him, but they did not understand.
26 az  On the following day he appeared to them as they were fighting together, and he tried to reconcile them in peace, saying, ‘Men, you are brethren, why do you injure one another?’ 27But the one who was injuring his neighbor pushed him away, saying, ‘ ba  Who made you a ruler and judge over us? 28bb  You do not mean to kill me as you killed the Egyptian yesterday, do you?’ 29At this remark, bc  Moses fled and became an alien in the land of
Gr Madiam
Midian, where he be  became the father of two sons.

30After forty years had passed, bf  an angel appeared to him in the wilderness of Mount Sinai, in the flame of a burning thorn bush. 31When Moses saw it, he marveled at the sight; and as he approached to look more closely, there came the voice of the Lord: 32bg  I am the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham and Isaac and Jacob.’ Moses shook with fear and would not venture to look. 33 bh  But the Lord said to him,bi  Take off the sandals from your feet, for the place on which you are standing is holy ground. 34bj  I have certainly seen the oppression of My people in Egypt and have heard their groans, and I have come down to rescue them;
Lit and now come!
,
bl  come now, and I will send you to Egypt.’

35This Moses whom they bm  disowned, saying, ‘Who made you a ruler and a judge?’ is the one whom God
Lit has sent
sent to be both a ruler and a deliverer with the
Lit hand
help of the angel who appeared to him in the thorn bush.
36 bp  This man led them out, performing bq  wonders and
Or attesting miracles
signs in the land of Egypt and in the Red Sea and in the bs  wilderness for forty years.
37This is the Moses who said to the sons of Israel, ‘ bt  God will raise up for you a prophet
Or as He raised up me
like me from your brethren.’
38This is the one who was in bv  the
Gr ekklesia
congregation in the wilderness together with bx  the angel who was speaking to him on Mount Sinai, and who was with our fathers; and he received by  living bz  oracles to pass on to you.
39Our fathers were unwilling to be obedient to him, but ca  repudiated him and in their hearts turned back to Egypt, 40 cb  saying to Aaron, ‘Make for us gods who will go before us; for this Moses who led us out of the land of Egyptwe do not know what happened to him.’ 41
Lit in those days
At that time cd  they made a
Or young bull
calf and brought a sacrifice to the idol, and were rejoicing in cf  the works of their hands.
42But God cg  turned away and delivered them up to
Or worship
serve the
I.e. heavenly bodies
host of heaven; as it is written in the book of the prophets, ‘ cj  It was not to Me that you offered victims and sacrifices ck  forty years in the wilderness, was it, O house of Israel?
43cl  You also took along the tabernacle of Moloch and the star of the god
Other mss spell it: Romphan, or Rempham, or Raiphan, or Rephan
Rompha, the images which you made to worship. I also will remove you beyond Babylon.’

44Our fathers had cn  the tabernacle of testimony in the wilderness, just as He who spoke to Moses directed him to make it co  according to the pattern which he had seen. 45And having received it in their turn, our fathers cp  brought it in with
Gr Jesus
Joshua upon dispossessing the
Or Gentiles
nations whom God drove out before our fathers, until the time of David.
46 cs  David found favor in God’s sight, and ct  asked that he might find a dwelling place for the
The earliest mss read house instead of God; the Septuagint reads God
God of Jacob.
47“But it was cv  Solomon who built a house for Him. 48However, cw  the Most High does not dwell in houses made by human hands; as the prophet says: 49cx  Heaven is My throne,
And earth is the footstool of My feet;
What kind of house will you build for Me?’ says the Lord,
Or what place is there for My repose?
50cy  Was it not My hand which made all these things?’

51“You men who are cz  stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears are always resisting the Holy Spirit; you are doing just as your fathers did. 52 da  Which one of the prophets did your fathers not persecute? They killed those who had previously announced the coming of db  the Righteous One, whose betrayers and murderers dc  you have now become; 53you who received the law as dd  ordained by angels, and yet did not keep it.”

Stephen Put to Death

54Now when they heard this, they were de  cut to the quick, and they began gnashing their teeth at him. 55But being df  full of the Holy Spirit, he dg  gazed intently into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing dh  at the right hand of God; 56and he said, “Behold, I see the di  heavens opened up and dj  the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God.” 57But they cried out with a loud voice, and covered their ears and rushed at him with one impulse. 58When they had dk  driven him out of the city, they began stoning him; and dl  the witnesses dm  laid aside their robes at the feet of dn  a young man named Saul. 59They went on stoning Stephen as he do  called on the Lord and said, “Lord Jesus, receive my spirit!” 60Then dp  falling on his knees, he cried out with a loud voice, “Lord dq  do not hold this sin against them!” Having said this, he
I.e. died
,
ds  fell asleep.
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