Daniel 1

The Choice Young Men

1In the third year of the reign of a  Jehoiakim king of Judah b  Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. 2The c  Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, along with some of the d  vessels of the house of God; and he brought them to the land of e  Shinar, to the house of his
Or gods
god, and he brought the vessels into the treasury of his
Or gods
h  god.

3Then the king
Or said to
ordered Ashpenaz, the chief of his
Or eunuchs, and so throughout the ch
officials, to bring in some of the sons of Israel, including some of the
Lit seed of the
royal l  family and of the nobles,
4youths in whom was m  no defect, who were good-looking, showing n  intelligence in every branch of wisdom, endowed with understanding and discerning knowledge, and who had ability for
Lit standing
serving in the king’s
Lit palace
court; and he ordered him to teach them the
Or writing
literature and r  language of the s  Chaldeans.
5The king appointed for them a daily ration from the t  king’s choice food and from the wine which he drank, and appointed that they should be
Or reared
educated three years, at the end of which they were to
Lit stand before the king
w  enter the king’s personal service.
6Now among them from the sons of Judah were x  Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah. 7Then the commander of the officials assigned new names to them; and to Daniel he assigned the name y  Belteshazzar, to Hananiah z  Shadrach, to Mishael aa  Meshach and to Azariah ab  Abed-nego.

Daniel’s Resolve

8But Daniel
Lit set upon his heart
made up his mind that he would not ad  defile himself with the ae  king’s choice food or with the af  wine which he drank; so he sought permission from the commander of the officials that he might not defile himself.
9Now God granted Daniel
Lit lovingkindness
ah  favor and compassion in the sight of the commander of the officials,
10and the commander of the officials said to Daniel, “I am afraid of my lord the king, who has appointed your food and your drink; for why should he see your faces looking more haggard than the youths who are your own age? Then you would
Lit make my head guilty
make me forfeit my head to the king.”
11But Daniel said to the overseer whom the commander of the officials had appointed over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah, 12Please test your servants for ten days, and let us be aj  given some vegetables to eat and water to drink. 13Then let our appearance be
Lit seen
observed in your presence and the appearance of the youths who are eating the king’s choice food; and deal with your servants according to what you see.”

14So he listened to them in this matter and tested them for ten days. 15At the end of ten days their appearance seemed al  better and
Lit fat of flesh
they were fatter than all the youths who had been eating the king’s choice food.
16So the overseer continued to
Lit take away
withhold their choice food and the wine they were to drink, and kept ao  giving them vegetables.

17As for these four youths ap  God gave them knowledge and intelligence in every branch of
Or writing
literature and wisdom; Daniel even understood all kinds of ar  visions and dreams.

18Then at the end of the days which the king had
Lit said
Lit to bring them in
for presenting them, the commander of the officials
Lit brought in
presented them before Nebuchadnezzar.
19The king talked with them, and out of them all not one was found like av  Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah; so they
Lit stood before the king
ax  entered the king’s personal service.
20As for every matter of ay  wisdom
Lit of
and understanding about which the king consulted them, he found them ba  ten times bb  better than all the
Or soothsayer priests
bd  magicians and conjurers who were in all his realm.
21And Daniel
Lit was until
continued until the bf  first year of Cyrus the king.
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