Daniel 2

The King’s Forgotten Dream

1Now in the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuchadnezzar
Lit dreamed dreams
,
b  had dreams; and his spirit was troubled and his c  sleep
Lit was gone upon him
left him.
2Then the king
Lit said to call
gave orders to call in the
Or soothsayer priests
,
g  magicians, the conjurers, the sorcerers and the
Or master astrologers, and so throughout the ch
Chaldeans to tell the king his dreams. So they came in and stood before the king.
3The king said to them, “I
Lit dreamed
,
j  had a dream and my spirit
Lit was troubled
is anxious to
Lit know
understand the dream.”

4Then the Chaldeans spoke to the king in
The text is in Aramaic from here through 7:28
,
n  Aramaic: o  O king, live forever! p  Tell the dream to your servants, and we will declare the interpretation.”
5The king replied to the Chaldeans
Another reading is The word has gone from me
The command from me is firm: if you do not make known to me the dream and its interpretation, you will be
Lit made into limbs
,
s  torn limb from limb and your houses will be made a rubbish heap.
6But if you declare the dream and its interpretation, you will receive from me t  gifts and a reward and great honor; therefore declare to me the dream and its interpretation.” 7They answered a second time and said, “Let the king u  tell the dream to his servants, and we will declare the interpretation.” 8The king replied, “I know for certain that you are
Lit buying
bargaining for time, inasmuch as you have seen that
V 5, note 1
the command from me is firm,
9that if you do not make the dream known to me, there is only x  one
Or law
decree for you. For you have agreed together to speak lying and corrupt
Lit word
words before me until the
Lit time
situation is changed; therefore tell me the dream, that I may ab  know that you can declare to me its interpretation.”
10The Chaldeans answered
Lit before the
the king and said, “There is not a man on earth who could declare the matter
Lit of
for the king, inasmuch as no great king or ruler has ever asked anything like this of any
Or soothsayer priest
,
af  magician, conjurer or Chaldean.
11Moreover, the thing which the king demands is
Or rare
difficult, and there is no one else who could declare it
Lit before
to the king except ai  gods, whose aj  dwelling place is not with mortal flesh.”

12Because of this the king became ak  indignant and very furious and gave orders to destroy all the wise men of Babylon. 13So the
Or law
decree went forth that the wise men should be slain; and they looked for am  Daniel and his friends to
Lit be killed
kill them.

14Then Daniel replied with discretion and discernment to ao  Arioch, the captain of the king’s
Or executioners
bodyguard, who had gone forth to slay the wise men of Babylon;
15he said to Arioch, the king’s commander, “For what reason is the
Or law
decree from the king so
Or harsh
urgent?” Then Arioch informed Daniel about the matter.
16So Daniel went in and requested of the king that he would
Or appoint a time for him
give him time, in order that he might declare the interpretation to the king.

17Then Daniel went to his house and informed his friends at  Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah, about the matter, 18so that they might au  request compassion from the God of heaven concerning this mystery, so that Daniel and his friends would not be av  destroyed with the rest of the wise men of Babylon.

The Secret Is Revealed to Daniel

19Then the mystery was revealed to Daniel in a night aw  vision. Then Daniel blessed the God of heaven; 20Daniel said, Let the name of God be ax  blessed forever and ever,
For ay  wisdom and power belong to Him.
21“It is He who az  changes the times and the epochs;
He ba  removes kings and
Or sets up
establishes kings;
He gives bc  wisdom to wise men
And knowledge to
Lit knowers
men of understanding.
22“It is He who be  reveals the profound and hidden things;
bf  He knows what is in the darkness,
And the bg  light dwells with Him.
23“To You, O bh  God of my fathers, I give thanks and praise,
For You have given me bi  wisdom and power;
Even now You have made known to me what we bj  requested of You,
For You have made known to us the king’s matter.”

24Therefore, Daniel went in to Arioch, whom the king had appointed to destroy the wise men of Babylon; he went and spoke to him as follows: bk  Do not destroy the wise men of Babylon! Take me
Lit in before the king
into the king’s presence, and I will declare the interpretation to the king.”

25Then Arioch hurriedly bm  brought Daniel
Lit in before the king
into the king’s presence and spoke to him as follows: “I have found a man among the
Lit sons of the exile of
,
bp  exiles from Judah who can make the interpretation known to the king!”
26The king said to Daniel, whose name was bq  Belteshazzar, “Are you able to make known to me the dream which I have seen and its interpretation?” 27Daniel answered before the king and said, “As for the mystery about which the king has inquired, neither br  wise men, conjurers
Or soothsayer priests
magicians nor diviners are able to declare it to the king.
28However, there is a bt  God in heaven who reveals mysteries, and He has made known to King Nebuchadnezzar what will take place in the
Lit end of the days
,
bv  latter days. This was your dream and the bw  visions
Lit of your head
in your mind while on your bed.
29As for you, O king, while on your bed your thoughts
Lit came up
turned to what would take place
Lit after this
in the future; and ca  He who reveals mysteries has made known to you what will take place.
30But as for me, this mystery has not been revealed to me for any cb  wisdom
Lit which is
residing in me more than in any other living man, but for the purpose of making the interpretation known to the king, and that you may
Lit know
understand the ce  thoughts of your
Lit heart
mind.

The King’s Dream

31You, O king, were looking and behold, there was a single great statue; that statue, which was large and
Lit its splendor was surpassing
of extraordinary splendor, was standing in front of you, and its appearance was ch  awesome.
32“The ci  head of that statue was made of fine gold, its breast and its arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of bronze, 33its legs of iron, its feet partly of iron and partly of clay. 34“You
Lit were
continued looking until a ck  stone was cut out cl  without hands, and it struck the statue on its feet of iron and clay and cm  crushed them.
35Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver and the gold were crushed
Lit like one
all at the same time and became co  like chaff from the summer threshing floors; and the wind carried them away so that cp  not a trace of them was found. But the stone that struck the statue became a great cq  mountain and filled the whole earth.

The Interpretation— Babylon the First Kingdom

36This was the dream; now we will tell cr  its interpretation before the king. 37You, O king, are the cs  king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given the
Or sovereignty
kingdom, the cu  power, the strength and the glory;
38and wherever the sons of men dwell, or the cv  beasts of the field, or the birds of the sky, He has given them into your hand and has caused you to rule over them all. You are the head of gold.

Medo-Persia and Greece

39After you there will arise another kingdom inferior to you, then another third kingdom of bronze, which will rule over all the earth.

Rome

40“Then there will be a cw  fourth kingdom as strong as iron; inasmuch as iron crushes and shatters all things, so, like iron that breaks in pieces, it will crush and break all these in pieces. 41In that you saw the feet and toes, partly of potter’s clay and partly of iron, it will be a divided kingdom; but it will have in it the toughness of iron, inasmuch as you saw the iron mixed with
Lit clay of mud
common clay.
42As the toes of the feet were partly of iron and partly of pottery, so some of the kingdom will be strong and part of it will be brittle. 43And in that you saw the iron mixed with
Lit clay of mud
common clay, they will combine with one another
Or with
in the seed of men; but they will not adhere to one another, even as iron does not combine with pottery.

The Divine Kingdom

44In the days of those kings the da  God of heaven will db  set up a dc  kingdom which will never be destroyed, and that kingdom will not be
Or passed on to
left for another people; it will de  crush and put an end to all these kingdoms, but it will itself endure forever.
45Inasmuch as you saw that a df  stone was cut out of the mountain without hands and that it crushed the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver and the gold, the dg  great God has made known to the king what dh  will take place
Lit after this
in the future; so the dream is true and its interpretation is trustworthy.”

Daniel Promoted

46Then King Nebuchadnezzar fell on his face and did dj  homage to Daniel, and gave orders to present to him an offering and
Lit sweet odors
,
dl  fragrant incense.
47The king answered Daniel and said, “Surely dm  your God is a dn  God of gods and a Lord of kings and a do  revealer of mysteries, since you have been able to reveal this mystery.” 48Then the king
Lit made great
,
dq  promoted Daniel and gave him many great gifts, and he made him ruler over the whole dr  province of Babylon and chief
Lit of the prefects
prefect over all the wise men of Babylon.
49And Daniel made request of the king, and he dt  appointed du  Shadrach, Meshach and Abed-nego over the administration of the province of Babylon, while Daniel was at the king’s
Lit gate
,
dw  court.
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