Daniel 8

Vision of the Ram and Goat

1In the third year of the reign of Belshazzar the king a vision appeared to me,
Lit I, Daniel
Daniel, subsequent to the one which appeared to me
Lit at the beginning
2I c  looked in the vision, and while I was looking I was in the citadel of d  Susa, which is in the province of e  Elam; and I looked in the vision and I myself was beside the Ulai
Or river
3Then I lifted my eyes and looked, and behold, a g  ram which had two horns was standing in front of the
Or river
canal. Now the two horns were
Lit high(er)
long, but one was
Lit high(er)
longer than the other, with the
Lit high(er)
longer one coming up last.
4I saw the ram l  butting westward, northward, and southward, and no other beasts could stand before him nor was there anyone to rescue from his
Lit hand
power, but n  he did as he pleased and magnified himself.

5While I was observing, behold, a male goat was coming from the west over the surface of the whole earth without touching the ground; and the
Lit buck
goat had a p  conspicuous horn between his eyes.
6He came up to the ram that had the two horns, which I had seen standing in front of the
Or river
canal, and rushed at him in his mighty wrath.
7I saw him come beside the ram, and he was enraged at him; and he struck the ram and shattered his two horns, and the ram had no strength to withstand him. So he hurled him to the ground and trampled on him, and there was none to rescue the ram from his
Lit hand
8Then the male goat magnified himself exceedingly. But as soon as s  he was mighty, the t  large horn was broken; and in its place there came up four conspicuous horns toward the u  four winds of heaven.

The Little Horn

9Out of one of them came forth a rather v  small horn which grew exceedingly great toward the south, toward the east, and toward the
I.e. Palestine
x  Beautiful Land.
10It grew up to the host of heaven and caused some of the host and some of the y  stars to fall to the earth, and it z  trampled them down. 11It even aa  magnified itself
Lit up to the
to be equal with the
Or Prince
Commander of the host; and it removed the ad  regular sacrifice from Him, and the place of His sanctuary was thrown down.
12And on account of transgression the host will be given over to the horn along with the regular sacrifice; and it will ae  fling truth to the ground and perform its will and prosper. 13Then I heard a af  holy one speaking, and another holy one said to that particular one who was speaking ag  How long will the vision about the regular sacrifice apply,
Or possibly and the transgression that horrifies
while the transgression causes horror, so as to allow both the holy place and the host
Lit as a trampling
to be aj  trampled?”
14He said to me, “For ak  2,300 evenings and mornings; then the holy place will be
Lit vindicated
properly restored.”

Interpretation of the Vision

15When am  I, Daniel, had seen the vision, I sought
Lit understanding
to understand it; and behold, standing before me was one
Lit like the appearance of a man
who looked like a ap  man.
16And I heard the voice of a man between the banks of Ulai, and he called out and said aq  Gabriel, give this man an understanding of the vision.” 17So he came near to where I was standing, and when he came I was frightened and ar  fell on my face; but he said to me, “Son of man, understand that the vision pertains to the as  time of the end.”

18Now while he was talking with me, I at  sank into a deep sleep with my face to the ground; but he au  touched me and made me stand
Lit on my standing
19He said, “Behold, I am going to aw  let you know what will occur at the final period of the indignation, for it pertains to the appointed time of the end.

The Ram’s Identity

20“The ax  ram which you saw with the two horns represents the kings of Media and Persia.

The Goat

21The shaggy
Lit buck
goat represents the
Lit king
kingdom of Greece, and the large horn that is between his eyes is the first king.
22“The ba  broken horn and the four horns that arose in its place represent four kingdoms which will arise from his nation, although not with his power. 23In the latter period of their
Or kingdom
When the transgressors have
Lit finished
run their course,
A king will arise,
Lit Strong of face
Insolent and skilled in
Or ambiguous speech
24His power will be mighty, but not by his own power,
And he will
Or corrupt
bg  destroy to an extraordinary degree
And prosper and perform his will;
He will
Or corrupt
destroy mighty men and
Lit people of the saints
the holy people.
25And through his shrewdness
He will cause deceit to succeed by his
Lit hand
And he will magnify himself in his heart,
And he will
Or corrupt
destroy many while they are
Or secure
at ease.
He will even
Lit stand against
bn  oppose the Prince of princes,
But he will be broken bo  without
Lit hand
human agency.
26The vision of the evenings and mornings
Which has been told is bq  true;
But br  keep the vision secret,
For it pertains to many bs  days in the future.”

27Then I, Daniel, was
Or done in
bu  exhausted and sick for days. Then I got up again and bv  carried on the king’s business; but I was astounded at the vision, and there was none to
Lit make me understand
explain it.
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