Ecclesiastes 1

The Futility of All Endeavor

The words of the a Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.
Or Futility of futilities
c Vanity of vanities,” says the Preacher,
Or Futility of futilities
Vanity of vanities! All is
Or futile

f What advantage does man have in all his work
Which he does under the sun?
A generation goes and a generation comes,
But the g earth
Lit stands
remains forever.
Also, i the sun rises and the sun sets;
Lit panting
hastening to its place it rises there again.
Lit Going
l Blowing toward the south,
Then turning toward the north,
The wind continues
Lit turning
swirling along;
And on its circular courses the wind returns.
All the rivers
Lit go
flow into the sea,
Yet the sea is not full.
To the place where the rivers
Lit go
There they
Lit go
flow again.
All things are wearisome;
Man is not able to tell it.
q The eye is not satisfied with seeing,
Nor is the ear filled with hearing.
r That which has been is that which will be,
And that which has been done is that which will be done.
So there is nothing new under the sun.
10 Is there anything of which one might say,
See this, it is new”?
Already it has existed for ages
Which were before us.
11 There is s no remembrance of
Lit first or former
earlier things;
And also of the
Lit latter or after
later things which will occur,
There will be for them no remembrance
Among those who will come
Lit latter or after
later still.

The Futility of Wisdom

12 I, the w Preacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem. 13 And I x set my
Lit heart
mind to seek and z explore by wisdom concerning all that has been done under heaven. It is
Lit an evil
a grievous ab task which God has given to the sons of men to be afflicted with.
14 I have seen all the works which have been done under the sun, and behold, all is
Or futility
ad vanity and striving after wind.
15 What is ae crooked cannot be straightened and what is lacking cannot be counted.

16 I
Lit spoke with my heart, saying
said to myself, “Behold, I have magnified and increased ag wisdom more than all who were over Jerusalem before me; and my
Lit heart
mind has observed
Lit an abundance
a wealth of wisdom and knowledge.”
17 And I aj set my
Lit heart
mind to know wisdom and to al know madness and folly; I realized that this also is am striving after wind.
18 Because an in much wisdom there is much grief, and increasing knowledge results in increasing pain.
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