The Futility of All Endeavor1 The words of the a Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem. 2 ▼
▼ Or Futility of futilities, c “Vanity of vanities,” says the Preacher,
▼ Or Futility of futilities“Vanity of vanities! All is ▼
▼ Or futilevanity.”
3 f What advantage does man have in all his work
Which he does under the sun?
4 A generation goes and a generation comes,
But the g earth ▼
▼ Lit standsremains forever.
5 Also, i the sun rises and the sun sets;
▼ Lit pantinghastening to its place it rises there again.
▼ Lit Going, l Blowing toward the south,
Then turning toward the north,
The wind continues ▼
▼ Lit turningswirling along;
And on its circular courses the wind returns.
7 All the rivers ▼ flow into the sea,
Yet the sea is not full.
To the place where the rivers ▼ flow,
There they ▼ flow again.
8 All things are wearisome;
Man is not able to tell it.
q The eye is not satisfied with seeing,
Nor is the ear filled with hearing.
9 r That which has been is that which will be,
And that which has been done is that which will be done.
So there is nothing new under the sun.
10 Is there anything of which one might say,
“See this, it is new”?
Already it has existed for ages
Which were before us.
11 There is s no remembrance of ▼
▼ Lit first or formerearlier things;
And also of the ▼
▼ Lit latter or afterlater things which will occur,
There will be for them no remembrance
Among those who will come ▼
▼ Lit latter or afterlater still.
The Futility of Wisdom12 I, the w Preacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem. 13 And I x set my ▼ mind to seek and z explore by wisdom concerning all that has been done under heaven. It is ▼
▼ Lit an evila grievous ab task which God has given to the sons of men to be afflicted with. 14 I have seen all the works which have been done under the sun, and behold, all is ▼
▼ Or futility, ad vanity and striving after wind. 15 What is ae crooked cannot be straightened and what is lacking cannot be counted. 16 I ▼
▼ Lit spoke with my heart, sayingsaid to myself, “Behold, I have magnified and increased ag wisdom more than all who were over Jerusalem before me; and my ▼ mind has observed ▼
▼ Lit an abundancea wealth of wisdom and knowledge.” 17 And I aj set my ▼ mind to know wisdom and to al know madness and folly; I realized that this also is am striving after wind. 18 Because an in much wisdom there is much grief, and increasing knowledge results in increasing pain.
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