Esther 9

The Jews Destroy Their Enemies

Now a in the twelfth month (that is, the month Adar), on b the thirteenth
Lit day in it
day d when the king’s command and edict
Lit drew near
were about to be executed, on the day when the enemies of the Jews hoped to gain the mastery over them, it was turned to the contrary so that the Jews themselves gained the mastery over those who hated them.
f The Jews assembled in their cities throughout all the provinces of King Ahasuerus to lay hands on those who sought their harm; and no one could stand before them, g for the dread of them had fallen on all the peoples. Even all the princes of the provinces h the satraps, the governors and those who were doing the king’s business
Lit lifted up
assisted the Jews, because the dread of Mordecai had fallen on them.
Indeed, Mordecai was great in the king’s house, and his fame spread throughout all the provinces; for the man Mordecai j became greater and greater. Thus k the Jews struck all their enemies with
Lit the stroke of
the sword, killing and destroying; and they did what they pleased to those who hated them.
At the citadel in Susa the Jews killed and destroyed five hundred men, and Parshandatha, Dalphon, Aspatha, Poratha, Adalia, Aridatha, Parmashta, Arisai, Aridai and Vaizatha, 10  m the ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Jews’ enemy; but n they did not lay their hands on the plunder.

11 On that day the number of those who were killed at the citadel in Susa
Lit came
was reported to the king.
12 The king said to Queen Esther, “The Jews have killed and destroyed five hundred men and the ten sons of Haman at the citadel in Susa. What then have they done in the rest of the king’s provinces! p Now what is your petition? It shall even be granted you. And what is your further request? It shall also be done.” 13 Then said Esther, “If it pleases the king q let tomorrow also be granted to the Jews who are in Susa to do according to the edict of today; and let Haman’s ten sons be hanged on the gallows.” 14 So the king commanded that it should be done so; and an edict was issued in Susa, and Haman’s ten sons were hanged. 15 The Jews who were in Susa assembled also on the fourteenth day of the month Adar and killed r three hundred men in Susa, but s they did not lay their hands on the plunder.

16 Now t the rest of the Jews who were in the king’s provinces u assembled, to defend their lives and
Lit have rest from
rid themselves of their enemies, and kill 75,000 of those who hated them; but they did not lay their hands on the plunder.
17 This was done on w the thirteenth day of the month Adar, and x on the fourteenth
Lit in it
day they rested and made it a day of feasting and rejoicing.

18 But the Jews who were in Susa z assembled on the thirteenth and aa the fourteenth
Lit in it
of the same month, and they rested on the fifteenth
Lit in it
day and made it a day of feasting and rejoicing.
19 Therefore the Jews of the rural areas, who live in ad the rural towns, make the fourteenth day of the month Adar a
Lit rejoicing and feasting and a good day and sending
,
af holiday for rejoicing and feasting and ag sending portions of food to one another.

The Feast of Purim Instituted

20 Then Mordecai recorded these events, and he sent letters to all the Jews who were in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus, both near and far, 21 obliging them to celebrate the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth day
Lit in it
of the same month, annually,
22 because on those days the Jews
Lit had rest from
rid themselves of their enemies, and it was a month which was aj turned for them from sorrow into gladness and from mourning into a
Lit good day
holiday; that they should make them days of feasting and rejoicing and al sending portions of food to one another and gifts to the poor.

23 Thus the Jews undertook what they had started to do, and what Mordecai had written to them. 24 For Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the adversary of all the Jews, had schemed against the Jews to destroy them and am had cast Pur, that is the lot, to disturb them and destroy them. 25 But an when it came
Lit before the king, he
to the king’s attention, he commanded by letter ap that his wicked scheme which he had
Lit schemed
devised against the Jews, ar should return on his own head and that he and his sons should be hanged on the
Lit tree
gallows.
26 Therefore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur.
Lit Therefore because of all the words
And au because of the instructions in this letter, both what they had seen in this regard and what had happened to them,
27 the Jews established and
Lit received
made a custom for themselves and for their
Lit seed
descendants and for ax all those who allied themselves with them, so that
Lit it should not pass away
they would not fail az to celebrate these two days according to their
Lit writing
regulation and according to their appointed time annually.
28 So these days were to be remembered and celebrated throughout every generation, every family, every province and every city; and these days of Purim were not to
Lit pass away
fail from among the Jews, or their memory
Lit end
fade from their
Lit seed
descendants.

29 Then Queen Esther be daughter of Abihail, with Mordecai the Jew, wrote with full authority to confirm bf this second letter about Purim. 30 He sent letters to all the Jews bg to the 127 provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, namely, words of peace and truth, 31 to establish these days of Purim at their appointed times, just as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had established for them, and just as they had established for themselves and for their
Lit seed
descendants with
Lit words
instructions bj for their times of fasting and their lamentations.
32 The command of Esther established these
Lit words
customs for bl Purim, and it was written in the book.
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