Exodus 1

Israel Multiplies in Egypt

1Now these are the a  names of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt with Jacob; they came each one
Lit and
with his household:
2Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah; 3Issachar, Zebulun and Benjamin; 4Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher. 5All the
Lit souls
persons who came from the loins of Jacob were d  seventy
Lit as to souls
in number, but Joseph was already in Egypt.
6 f  Joseph died, and all his brothers and all that generation. 7But the sons of Israel g  were fruitful and
Lit swarmed
increased greatly, and multiplied, and became exceedingly
Or numerous
mighty, so that the land was filled with them.

8Now a new j  king arose over Egypt, who did not know Joseph. 9 k  He said to his people, “Behold, the people of the sons of Israel are
Or too many and too mighty for us
more and mightier than we.
10Come, let us m  deal wisely with them, or else they will multiply and
Lit it came about when war befalls that
in the event of war, they will also join themselves to those who hate us, and fight against us and
Lit go up from
depart from the land.”
11So they appointed p  taskmasters over them to afflict them with
Lit their burdens
r  hard labor. And they built for Pharaoh s  storage cities, Pithom and t  Raamses.
12But the more they afflicted them, u  the more they multiplied and the more they
Lit broke forth
spread out, so that they were in dread of the sons of Israel.
13The Egyptians compelled the sons of Israel w  to labor rigorously; 14and they made x  their lives bitter with hard labor in mortar and bricks and at all kinds of labor in the field, all their labors which they rigorously
Lit worked through them
imposed on them.

15Then the king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives, one of whom
Lit the name was
was named Shiphrah and the other
Lit the name was
was named Puah;
16and he said, “When you are helping the Hebrew women to give birth and see them upon the birthstool ab  if it is a son, then you shall put him to death; but if it is a daughter, then she shall live.” 17But the midwives
Or revered
ad  feared God, and ae  did not do as the king of Egypt had
Lit spoken to
commanded them, but let the boys live.
18So the king of Egypt called for the midwives and said to them, “Why have you done this thing, and let the boys live?” 19The midwives said to Pharaoh, “Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are vigorous and give birth before the midwife
Lit comes to
can get to them.”
20So ah  God was good to the midwives, and ai  the people multiplied, and became very
Or numerous
21Because the midwives
Or revered
al  feared God, He
Lit made
an  established
Or families
households for them.
22Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying ap  Every son who is born
Some versions insert to the Hebrews
you are to cast into ar  the Nile, and every daughter you are to keep alive.”
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