Exodus 12

The Passover Lamb

1Now the  Lord said to Moses and Aaron in the land of
Lit Egypt, saying
2 b  This month shall be the beginning of months for you; it is to be the first month of the year to you. 3Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying, ‘On the tenth of this month they are each one to take a
Or kid
lamb for themselves, according to their fathers’ households, a
Or kid
lamb for
Lit the
each household.
4Now if the household is too small for a
Or kid
lamb, then he and his neighbor nearest to his house are to take one according to the
Or amount
number of persons in them; according to
Lit each man’s eating
what each man should eat, you are to
Lit compute for
divide the lamb.
Or kid
lamb shall be k  an unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats.
Lit It shall be to you for a guarding
You shall keep it until the m  fourteenth day of the same month, then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel is to kill it
Lit between the two evenings
o  at twilight.
7p  Moreover, they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel
Lit upon
of the houses in which they eat it.
8They shall eat the flesh r  that same night, s  roasted with fire, and they shall eat it with t  unleavened bread
Lit in addition to
v  and bitter herbs.
9Do not eat any of it raw or boiled at all with water, but rather w  roasted with fire, both its head and its legs along with x  its entrails. 10y  And you shall not leave any of it over until morning, but whatever is left of it until morning, you shall burn with fire. 11Now you shall eat it in this manner: with your loins girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste— it is z  the  Lord’s Passover. 12‘For aa  I will go through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and ab  against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgmentsac  I am the  Lord. 13ad  The blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you
Lit are
live; and when I see the blood I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you
Lit for destruction
to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.

Feast of Unleavened Bread

14‘Now ag  this day will be ah  a memorial to you, and you shall celebrate it as a feast to the  Lord; throughout your generations you are to celebrate it as
Or an eternal
aj  a permanent ordinance.
15ak  Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, but on the first day you shall
Lit cause to cease
remove leaven from your houses; for whoever eats anything leavened from the first day until the seventh day, am  that
Lit soul
person shall be cut off from Israel.
16ao  On the first day you shall have a holy assembly, and another holy assembly on the seventh day; no work at all shall be done on them, except what must be eaten
Lit pertaining to
by every person, that alone may be
Lit done
prepared by you.
17You shall also observe ar  the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this as  very day I brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt; therefore you shall observe this day throughout your generations as at  a
Or eternal
permanent ordinance.
18av  In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month at evening. 19aw  Seven days there shall be no leaven found in your houses; for whoever eats what is leavened, that
Lit soul
ay  person shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is an alien or a native of the land.
20You shall not eat anything leavened; in all your dwellings you shall eat unleavened bread.’”

21Then az  Moses called for all the elders of Israel and said to them,
Lit Draw out
Go and bb  take for yourselves
Lit sheep
lambs according to your families, and slay bd  the Passover lamb.
22 be  You shall take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood which is in the basin, and
Lit cause to touch
apply some of the blood that is in the basin to the lintel and the two doorposts; and none of you shall go outside the door of his house until morning.

A Memorial of Redemption

23“For bg  the  Lord will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when He sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, the  Lord will pass over the door and will bh  not allow the bi  destroyer to come in to your houses to smite you. 24“And bj  you shall observe this event as an ordinance for you and your children forever. 25When you enter the land which the  Lord will give you, as He has
Lit spoken
promised, you shall observe this
Lit service
26 bm  And when your children say to you, ‘
Lit What is this service to you?
What does this rite mean to you?’
27you shall say, ‘It is a Passover sacrifice to bo  the  Lord
Lit because He
who passed over the houses of the sons of Israel in Egypt when He smote the Egyptians, but
Lit delivered
spared our homes.’” br  And the people bowed low and worshiped.

28Then the sons of Israel went and did so; just as the  Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.

29Now it came about at bs  midnight that bt  the  Lord struck all bu  the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of bv  cattle. 30Pharaoh arose in the night, he and all his servants and all the Egyptians, and there was bw  a great cry in Egypt, for there was no home where there was not someone dead. 31Then bx  he called for Moses and Aaron at night and said, “Rise up, by  get out from among my people, both you and the sons of Israel; and go,
Or serve
worship the  Lord, as you have said.
32Take ca  both your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and go, and bless me also.”

Exodus of Israel

33 cb  The Egyptians urged the people, to send them out of the land in haste, for they said, “We will all be dead.” 34So the people took cc  their dough before it was leavened, with their kneading bowls bound up in the clothes on their shoulders.

35 cd  Now the sons of Israel had done according to the word of Moses, for they had requested from the Egyptians articles of silver and articles of gold, and clothing; 36and the  Lord had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they let them have their request. Thus they ce  plundered the Egyptians.

37Now the cf  sons of Israel journeyed from cg  Rameses to Succoth, about ch  six hundred thousand men on foot, aside from children. 38A ci  mixed multitude also went up with them,
Lit and
along with flocks and herds, a ck  very large number of livestock.
39They baked the dough which they had brought out of Egypt into cakes of unleavened bread. For it had not become leavened, since they were cl  driven out of Egypt and could not delay, nor had they
Lit made
prepared any provisions for themselves.

40Now the time
Or of the sons of Israel who dwelt
that the sons of Israel lived in Egypt was co  four hundred and thirty years.
41And at the end of four hundred and thirty years
Lit that it happened on this very day
to cq  the very day cr  all the hosts of the  Lord went out from the land of Egypt.

Ordinance of the Passover

42 cs  It is a night
Or of vigil
to be observed for the  Lord for having brought them out from the land of Egypt; this night is for the  Lord
Or of vigil
to be observed
Lit to the sons
by all the sons of Israel throughout their generations.

43The  Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of cw  the Passover: no
Lit son of a stranger
cy  foreigner is to eat of it;
44but every man’s cz  slave purchased with money, after you have circumcised him, then he may eat of it. 45 da  A sojourner or a hired servant shall not eat of it. 46It is to be eaten in a single house; you are not to bring forth any of the flesh outside of the house, db  nor are you to break any bone of it. 47 dc  All the congregation of Israel are to
Lit do
celebrate this.
48“But de  if a
Lit sojourner
stranger sojourns with you, and
Lit does
celebrates the Passover to the  Lord, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near to
Lit do
celebrate it; and he shall be like a native of the land. But no uncircumcised person may eat of it.
Lit One law
dj  The same law shall
Lit be
apply to the native as to the
Lit sojourner
stranger who sojourns among you.”

50Then all the sons of Israel did so; they did just as the  Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron. 51And on that same day dm  the  Lord brought the sons of Israel out of the land of Egypt
Lit according to
do  by their hosts.
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