Exodus 16

The  Lord Provides Manna

Then they set out from Elim, and all the congregation of the sons of Israel came to the wilderness of a Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on b the fifteenth day of the second month after their departure from the land of Egypt. The whole congregation of the sons of Israel c grumbled against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness. The sons of Israel said to them, d Would that we had died by the  Lord’s hand in the land of Egypt e when we sat by the pots of
Or flesh
meat, when we ate bread to the full; for you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger.”

Then the  Lord said to Moses, “Behold, g I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may h test them, whether or not they will walk in My
Or law
instruction.
j On the sixth day, when they prepare what they bring in, it will be twice as much as they gather daily.” So Moses and Aaron said to all the sons of Israel, “At evening
Lit and you
,
l you will know that the  Lord has brought you out of the land of Egypt;
and in the morning
Lit and you
you will see n the glory of the  Lord, for o He hears your grumblings against the  Lord; and p what are we, that you grumble against us?”

The  Lord Provides Meat

Moses said, “This will happen when the  Lord gives you
Or flesh
meat to eat in the evening, and bread to the full in the morning; for the  Lord hears your grumblings which you grumble against Him. And what are we? Your grumblings are r not against us but against the  Lord.”

Then Moses said to Aaron, “Say to all the congregation of the sons of Israel, ‘ s Come near before the  Lord, for He has heard your grumblings.’” 10 It came about as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the sons of Israel, that they
Lit turned
looked toward the wilderness, and behold u the glory of the  Lord appeared in the cloud.
11 And the  Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 12  v I have heard the grumblings of the sons of Israel; speak to them, saying, ‘
Lit Between the two evenings
At twilight you shall eat
Or flesh
meat, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread; and y you shall know that I am the  Lord your God.’”

13 So it came about at evening that z the quails came up and covered the camp, and in the morning aa there was a layer of dew around the camp. 14  ab When the layer of dew
Lit had gone up
evaporated, behold, on the
Lit face of
surface of the wilderness ae there was a fine flake-like thing, fine as the frost on the ground.
15 When the sons of Israel saw it, they said to one another
Heb Man hu, cf v 31
What is it?” For they did not know what it was. And Moses said to them, ag It is the bread which the  Lord has given you to eat.
16 This is
Lit the thing which
what the  Lord has commanded, ‘Gather of it every man
Lit according to his eating
as much as he should eat; you shall take
Lit an omer for a head
,
ak an omer apiece according to the number of persons each of you has in his tent.’”
17 The sons of Israel did so, and some gathered much and some little. 18 When they measured it with an omer al he who had gathered much had no excess, and he who had gathered little had no lack; every man gathered
Lit according to his eating
as much as he should eat.
19 Moses said to them, an Let no man leave any of it until morning.” 20 But they did not listen to Moses, and some left part of it until morning, and it bred worms and became foul; and Moses was angry with them. 21 They gathered it morning by morning, every man
Lit according to his eating
as much as he should eat; but when the sun grew hot, it would melt.

The Sabbath Observed

22  ap Now on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. When all the aq leaders of the congregation came and told Moses, 23 then he said to them, “This is what the  Lord
Lit spoke
meant: as Tomorrow is a sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the  Lord. Bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and at all that is left over
Lit lay up for you
put aside to be kept until morning.”
24 So they
Lit laid it up
put it aside until morning, as Moses had ordered, and aw it did not become foul nor was there any worm in it.
25 Moses said, “Eat it today, for today is a sabbath to the  Lord; today you will not find it in the field. 26  ax Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, the sabbath, there will be
Lit none on it
none.”

27 It came about on the seventh day that some of the people went out to gather, but they found none. 28 Then the  Lord said to Moses, az How long do you refuse to keep My commandments and My
Or laws
instructions?
29 See,
Lit for the  Lord
the  Lord has given you the sabbath; therefore He gives you bread for two days on the sixth day. Remain every man in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.”
30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

31 The house of bc Israel named it
Heb man, cf v 15
manna, and it was like be coriander seed, white, and its taste was like wafers with honey.
32 Then Moses said, “This is
Lit the thing which
what the  Lord has commanded, ‘Let an omerful of it be kept throughout your generations, that they may see the bread that I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you out of the land of Egypt.’”
33 Moses said to Aaron bg Take a jar and put an omerful of manna in it, and place it before the  Lord to be kept throughout your generations.” 34 As the  Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron placed it before bh the Testimony, to be kept. 35  bi The sons of Israel ate the manna forty years, until they came to an inhabited land; they ate the manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan. 36 (Now bj an omer is a tenth of an
I.e. Approx one bu
ephah.)
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