Exodus 18

Jethro, Moses’ Father-in-law

1Now a  Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses and for Israel His people, how the  Lord had brought Israel out of Egypt. 2Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, took Moses’ wife b  Zipporah, after he had sent her away, 3and her c  two sons, of whom
Lit the name of the one was
one was named Gershom, for Moses said, “I have been e  a
Heb ger
sojourner in a foreign land.”
4
Lit The name of the other was
The other was named
Heb El-ezer; i.e. my God is help
,
i  Eliezer, for he said j  The God of my father was my help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh.”

5Then Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, came with his sons and his wife to Moses
Lit unto
in the wilderness where he was camped, at l  the mount of God.
6He
Lit said
sent word to Moses, “I, your father-in-law Jethro, am coming to you with your wife and her two sons with her.”
7Then Moses went out to meet his father-in-law, and n  he bowed down and o  kissed him; and they p  asked each other of their welfare and went into the tent. 8Moses told his father-in-law all that the  Lord had done to Pharaoh and to the Egyptians q  for Israel’s sake, all the r  hardship that had befallen them on the journey, and how s  the  Lord had delivered them. 9Jethro rejoiced over all t  the goodness which the  Lord had done to Israel
Lit in that He had delivered
in delivering
Lit him
them from the hand of the Egyptians.
10So Jethro said w  Blessed be the  Lord who delivered you from the hand of the Egyptians and from the hand of Pharaoh, and who delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians. 11Now I know that x  the  Lord is greater than all the gods;
Lit indeed, in the thing in which they
indeed, z  it was proven when they dealt proudly against
Lit them
the people.”
12 ab  Then Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God, and Aaron came with all the elders of Israel to eat
Lit bread
a meal with Moses’ father-in-law before God.

13It came about the next day that Moses sat to judge the people, and the people stood about Moses from the morning until the evening. 14Now when Moses’ father-in-law saw all that he was doing for the people, he said, “What is this thing that you are doing for the people? Why do you alone sit as judge and all the people stand about you from morning until evening?” 15Moses said to his father-in-law, “Because the people come to me ad  to inquire of God. 16When they have a
Lit matter
,
af  dispute, it comes to me, and I judge between a man and his neighbor and make known the statutes of God and His laws.”

Jethro Counsels Moses

17Moses’ father-in-law said to him, “The thing that you are doing is not good. 18 ag  You will surely wear out, both yourself and
Lit this
these people who are with you, for the
Lit matter
task is too heavy for you; aj  you cannot do it alone.
19Now listen to
Lit my voice
me: I will give you counsel, and God be with you.
Lit You be for the people in front of God
You be the people’s representative before God, and you am  bring the
Lit matters
disputes to God,
20 ao  then teach them the statutes and the laws, and make known to them ap  the way in which they are to walk and the work they are to do. 21“Furthermore, you shall
Lit see
select out of all the people ar  able men as  who fear God, men of truth, those who at  hate dishonest gain; and you shall place these over them as leaders of thousands,
Lit leaders of
of hundreds,
Lit leaders of
of fifties and
Lit leaders of
of tens.
22Let them judge the people at all times; and let it be ax  that every major
Lit matter
dispute they will bring to you, but every minor
Lit matter
dispute they themselves will judge. So it will be easier for you, and ba  they will bear the burden with you.
23If you do this thing and God so commands you, then you will be able to
Lit stand
endure, and all
Lit this
these people also will go to
Lit his
their place in peace.”

24So Moses listened
Lit to the voice of
to his father-in-law and did all that he had said.
25Moses chose bf  able men out of all Israel and made them heads over the people, leaders of thousands
Lit leaders of
of hundreds
Lit leaders of
of fifties and
Lit leaders of
of tens.
26They judged the people at all times; bj  the difficult
Lit matter
dispute they would bring to Moses, but every minor
Lit matter
dispute they themselves would judge.
27Then Moses
Lit sent off his father-in-law
,
bn  bade his father-in-law farewell, and he went his way into his own land.
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