Jethro, Moses’ Father-in-law1 Now a Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father-in-law, heard of all that God had done for Moses and for Israel His people, how the Lord had brought Israel out of Egypt. 2 Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, took Moses’ wife b Zipporah, after he had sent her away, 3 and her c two sons, of whom ▼
▼ Lit the name of the one wasone was named Gershom, for Moses said, “I have been e a ▼
▼ Heb gersojourner in a foreign land.” 4 ▼
▼ Lit The name of the other wasThe other was named ▼
▼ Heb El-ezer; i.e. my God is help, i Eliezer, for he said j “The God of my father was my help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh.” 5 Then Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, came with his sons and his wife to Moses ▼
▼ Lit untoin the wilderness where he was camped, at l the mount of God. 6 He ▼
▼ Lit saidsent word to Moses, “I, your father-in-law Jethro, am coming to you with your wife and her two sons with her.” 7 Then Moses went out to meet his father-in-law, and n he bowed down and o kissed him; and they p asked each other of their welfare and went into the tent. 8 Moses told his father-in-law all that the Lord had done to Pharaoh and to the Egyptians q for Israel’s sake, all the r hardship that had befallen them on the journey, and how s the Lord had delivered them. 9 Jethro rejoiced over all t the goodness which the Lord had done to Israel ▼
▼ Lit in that He had deliveredin delivering ▼
▼ Lit himthem from the hand of the Egyptians. 10 So Jethro said w “Blessed be the Lord who delivered you from the hand of the Egyptians and from the hand of Pharaoh, and who delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians. 11 “Now I know that x the Lord is greater than all the gods; ▼
▼ Lit indeed, in the thing in which theyindeed, z it was proven when they dealt proudly against ▼
▼ Lit themthe people.” 12 ab Then Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God, and Aaron came with all the elders of Israel to eat ▼
▼ Lit breada meal with Moses’ father-in-law before God. 13 It came about the next day that Moses sat to judge the people, and the people stood about Moses from the morning until the evening. 14 Now when Moses’ father-in-law saw all that he was doing for the people, he said, “What is this thing that you are doing for the people? Why do you alone sit as judge and all the people stand about you from morning until evening?” 15 Moses said to his father-in-law, “Because the people come to me ad to inquire of God. 16 “When they have a ▼ , af dispute, it comes to me, and I judge between a man and his neighbor and make known the statutes of God and His laws.”
Jethro Counsels Moses17 Moses’ father-in-law said to him, “The thing that you are doing is not good. 18 ag “You will surely wear out, both yourself and ▼
▼ Lit thisthese people who are with you, for the ▼ task is too heavy for you; aj you cannot do it alone. 19 “Now listen to ▼
▼ Lit my voiceme: I will give you counsel, and God be with you. ▼
▼ Lit You be for the people in front of GodYou be the people’s representative before God, and you am bring the ▼
▼ Lit mattersdisputes to God, 20 ao then teach them the statutes and the laws, and make known to them ap the way in which they are to walk and the work they are to do. 21 “Furthermore, you shall ▼
▼ Lit seeselect out of all the people ar able men as who fear God, men of truth, those who at hate dishonest gain; and you shall place these over them as leaders of thousands, ▼ of hundreds, ▼ of fifties and ▼ of tens. 22 “Let them judge the people at all times; and let it be ax that every major ▼ dispute they will bring to you, but every minor ▼ dispute they themselves will judge. So it will be easier for you, and ba they will bear the burden with you. 23 “If you do this thing and God so commands you, then you will be able to ▼
▼ Lit standendure, and all ▼
▼ Lit thisthese people also will go to ▼
▼ Lit histheir place in peace.” 24 So Moses listened ▼
▼ Lit to the voice ofto his father-in-law and did all that he had said. 25 Moses chose bf able men out of all Israel and made them heads over the people, leaders of thousands ▼ of hundreds ▼ of fifties and ▼ of tens. 26 They judged the people at all times; bj the difficult ▼ dispute they would bring to Moses, but every minor ▼ dispute they themselves would judge. 27 Then Moses ▼
▼ Lit sent off his father-in-law, bn bade his father-in-law farewell, and he went his way into his own land.
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