Exodus 21

Ordinances for the People

1Now these are the a  ordinances which you are to set before them:

2If you buy b  a Hebrew slave, he shall serve for six years; but on the seventh he shall go out as a free man without payment. 3If he comes
Lit by himself
alone, he shall go out
Lit by himself
alone; if he is the husband of a wife, then his wife shall go out with him.
4If his master gives him a wife, and she bears him sons or daughters, the wife and her children shall belong to her master, and he shall go out
Lit by himself
5“But f  if the slave plainly says, ‘I love my master, my wife and my children; I will not go out as a free man,’ 6then his master shall bring him to
Or the judges who acted in God’s name
God, then he shall bring him to the door or the doorpost. And his master shall pierce his ear with an awl; and he shall serve him permanently.

7 h  If a man sells his daughter as a female slave, she is not to
Lit go out
go free j  as the male slaves
Lit go out
8If she is
Lit bad
displeasing in the eyes of her master
Another reading is so that he did not designate her
who designated her for himself, then he shall let her be redeemed. He does not have authority to sell her to a foreign people because of his
Lit dealing treacherously
unfairness to her.
9If he designates her for his son, he shall deal with her according to the custom of daughters. 10If he takes to himself another woman, he may not reduce her
Lit flesh
food, her clothing, or p  her conjugal rights.
11If he will not do these three things for her, then she shall go out for nothing, without payment of money.

Personal Injuries

12 q  He who strikes a man so that he dies shall surely be put to death. 13 r  “But
Lit he who
if he did not lie in wait for him, but t  God let him fall into his hand, then I will appoint you a place to which he may flee.
14 u  If, however, a man acts presumptuously toward his neighbor, so as to kill him craftily, you are to take him even from My altar, that he may die.

15He who strikes his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.

16 v  “He who
Lit steals
kidnaps a man, whether he sells him or he is found in his
Lit hand
possession, shall surely be put to death.

17 y  He who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.

18If men have a quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist, and he does not die but
Lit lies
remains in bed,
19if he gets up and walks around outside on his staff, then he who struck him shall go unpunished; he shall only pay for his
Lit his sitting
loss of time, and
Lit healing, he shall cause to be healed
shall take care of him until he is completely healed.

20If a man strikes his male or female slave with a rod and he dies
Lit under
at his hand, he shall
Lit suffer vengeance
be punished.
21If, however, he
Lit stands
survives a day or two, no vengeance shall be taken; af  for he is his
Lit money

22If men struggle with each other and strike a woman with child so that
Or an untimely birth occurs; lit her children come out
she gives birth prematurely, yet there is no injury, he shall surely be fined as the woman’s husband
Lit lays on him
may demand of him, and he shall aj  pay
Lit by arbitration
as the judges decide.
23But if there is any further injury, al  then you shall appoint as a penalty life for life, 24 am  eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 25burn for burn, wound for wound
Lit welt
bruise for bruise.

26If a man strikes the eye of his male or female slave, and destroys it, he shall let him go free on account of his eye. 27And if he
Lit causes to fall
knocks out a tooth of his male or female slave, he shall let him go free on account of his tooth.

28If an ox gores a man or a woman
Lit so that he dies
to death, aq  the ox shall surely be stoned and its flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall go unpunished.
29If, however, an ox was previously in the habit of goring and its owner has been warned, yet he does not confine it and it kills a man or a woman, the ox shall be stoned and its owner also shall be put to death. 30If a ransom is
Lit laid on him
demanded of him, then he shall give for the redemption of his life whatever is
Lit laid on him
demanded of him.
31Whether it gores a son or
Lit gores a daughter
a daughter, it shall be done to him according to
Lit this judgment
the same rule.
32If the ox gores a male or female slave,
Lit he
the owner shall give his or her master aw  thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

33If a man opens a pit, or
Lit if a man digs
digs a pit and does not cover it over, and an ox or a donkey falls into it,
34the owner of the pit shall make restitution; he shall
Lit give back
give money to its owner, and the dead animal shall become his.

35If one man’s ox hurts another’s so that it dies, then they shall sell the live ox and divide its price equally; and also they shall divide the dead ox. 36Or if it is known that the ox was previously in the habit of goring, yet its owner has not confined it, he shall surely pay ox for ox, and the dead animal shall become his.
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