Exodus 22

Property Rights

Ch 21:37 in Heb
If a man steals an ox or a sheep and slaughters it or sells it, he shall pay five oxen for the ox and b  four sheep for the sheep.

Ch 22:1 in Heb
If the d  thief is
Lit found
caught while breaking in and is struck so that he dies, there will be no bloodguiltiness on his account.
3But if the sun has risen on him, there will be bloodguiltiness on his account. He shall surely make restitution; if he owns nothing, then he shall be f  sold for his theft. 4If what he stole is actually found alive in his
Lit hand
possession, whether an ox or a donkey or a sheep, h  he shall pay double.

5If a man lets a field or vineyard be grazed bare and lets his animal loose so that it grazes in another man’s field, he shall make restitution from the best of his own field and the best of his own vineyard.

6If a fire breaks out and spreads to thorn bushes, so that stacked grain or the standing grain or the field itself is consumed, he who started the fire shall surely make restitution.

7 i  If a man gives his neighbor money or goods to keep for him and it is stolen from the man’s house, if the thief is
Lit found
caught, he shall pay double.
8If the thief is not
Lit found
caught, then the owner of the house shall
Lit approach to
appear before
Or God
n  the judges, to determine whether he
Lit stretched his hand
laid his hands on his neighbor’s property.
9For every
Or matter of transgression
breach of trust, whether it is for ox, for donkey, for sheep, for clothing, or for any lost thing about which one says, ‘This is it,’ the
Lit matter
case of both parties shall come before
Or God
s  the judges; he whom
Or God
the judges condemn shall pay double to his neighbor.

10If a man gives his neighbor a donkey, an ox, a sheep, or any animal to keep for him, and it dies or is hurt or is driven away while no one is looking, 11an u  oath before the  Lord shall be made by the two of them
Lit whether
that he has not
Lit stretched his hand
laid hands on his neighbor’s property; and its owner shall accept it, and he shall not make restitution.
12But if it is actually stolen from him, he shall make restitution to its owner. 13If it is all torn to pieces, let him bring it as evidence; he shall not make restitution for what has been torn to pieces.

14If a man
Lit asks
borrows anything from his neighbor, and it is injured or dies while its owner is not with it, he shall make full restitution.
15If its owner is with it, he shall not make restitution; if it is hired, it came for its hire.

Sundry Laws

16 y  If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged, and lies with her, he must pay a dowry for her to be his wife. 17If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he shall
Lit weigh out silver
pay money equal to the aa  dowry for virgins.

18“You shall not allow a ab  sorceress to live.

19 ac  Whoever lies with an animal shall surely be put to death.

20 ad  He who sacrifices to
Lit the gods
any god, other than to the  Lord alone, shall be
Lit put under the ban
utterly destroyed.

21 ag  You shall not wrong a stranger or oppress him, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt. 22 ah  You shall not afflict any widow or orphan. 23If you afflict him at all, and ai  if he does cry out to Me, aj  I will surely hear his cry; 24and My anger will be kindled, and I will kill you with the sword ak  and your wives shall become widows and your children fatherless.

25 al  If you lend money to My people, to the poor
Lit with
among you, you are not to
Lit be
act as a creditor to him; you shall not
Lit lay upon
charge him ap  interest.
26If you ever take your neighbor’s cloak aq  as a pledge, you are to return it to him before the sun sets, 27for that is his only covering; it is his cloak for his
Lit skin
body. What else shall he sleep in? And it shall come about that as  when he cries out to Me, I will hear him, for at  I am gracious.

28“You shall not
Or revile
av  curse God, aw  nor curse a ruler of your people.

29 ax  You shall not delay the offering from
Lit your fullness and your tears
your harvest and your vintage. az  The firstborn of your sons you shall give to Me.
30 ba  You shall do the same with your oxen and with your sheep. It shall be with its mother seven days; bb  on the eighth day you shall give it to Me.

31 bc  You shall be holy men to Me, therefore bd  you shall not eat any flesh torn to pieces in the field; you shall throw it to the dogs.
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