Exodus 34

The Two Tablets Replaced

1Now the  Lord said to Moses, “Cut out for yourself a  two stone tablets like the former ones, and b  I will write on the tablets the words that were on the former tablets which you shattered. 2So be ready by morning, and come up in the morning to c  Mount Sinai, and
Or place yourself before
present yourself there to Me on the top of the mountain.
3 e  No man is to come up with you, nor let any man be seen
Lit on all
anywhere on the mountain; even the flocks and the herds may not graze in front of that mountain.”
4So he cut out g  two stone tablets like the former ones, and Moses rose up early in the morning and went up to Mount Sinai, as the  Lord had commanded him, and he took two stone tablets in his hand. 5 h  The  Lord descended in the cloud and stood there with him as
Or he called out with the name of the  Lord
he called upon the name of the  Lord.
6Then the  Lord passed by in front of him and proclaimed, “The  Lord, the  Lord God, j  compassionate and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in lovingkindness and
Or faithfulness
truth;
7who l  keeps lovingkindness for thousands, who forgives iniquity, transgression and sin; yet He m  will by no means leave the guilty unpunished, n  visiting the iniquity of fathers on the children and on the grandchildren to the third and fourth generations.” 8Moses made haste
Lit and bowed...worshiped
,
p  to bow low toward the earth and worship.
9He said q  If now I have found favor in Your sight, O Lord, I pray, let the Lord go along in our midst, even though
Lit it is a people stiff-necked
,
s  the people are so obstinate, and t  pardon our iniquity and our sin, and u  take us as Your own
Or inheritance
possession.”

The Covenant Renewed

10Then
Lit He
God said, “Behold, x  I am going to make a covenant. Before all your people y  I will perform miracles which have not been
Lit created
produced in all the earth nor among any of the nations; and all the people
Lit in whose midst you are
among whom you live will see the working of the  Lord, for it is a fearful thing that I am going to perform with you.

11
Lit Observe for yourself
Be sure to observe what I am commanding you this day: behold ac  I am going to drive out the Amorite before you, and the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Hivite and the Jebusite.
12 ad  Watch yourself that you make no covenant with the inhabitants of the land into which you are going, or it will become a snare in your midst. 13 ae  “But rather, you are to tear down their altars and smash their sacred pillars and cut down their
I.e. wooden symbols of a female deity
,
ag  Asherim
14—for ah  you shall not worship any other god, for the  Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God 15otherwise you might make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land and they would play the harlot with their gods and ai  sacrifice to their gods, and someone aj  might invite you
Lit and you eat
to eat of his sacrifice,
16and al  you might take some of his daughters for your sons, and his daughters might play the harlot with their gods and cause your sons also to play the harlot with their gods. 17 am  You shall make for yourself no molten gods.

18You shall observe an  the Feast of Unleavened Bread. For ao  seven days you are to eat unleavened bread,
Or which
as I commanded you, at the appointed time in the aq  month of Abib, for in the month of Abib you came out of Egypt.

19 ar  The first offspring from every womb belongs to Me, and all your male livestock, the first offspring from
Or oxen
cattle and sheep.
20 at  You shall redeem with a lamb the
Lit first opening of
first offspring from a donkey; and if you do not redeem it, then you shall break its neck. You shall redeem av  all the firstborn of your sons.
Lit They shall not
,
ax  None shall appear before Me empty-handed.

21You shall work ay  six days, but on the seventh day you shall rest; even during plowing time and harvest you shall rest. 22You shall celebrate az  the Feast of Weeks, that is, the first fruits of the wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the turn of the year. 23 ba  Three times a year all your males are to appear before the Lord
Heb YHWH, usually rendered  Lord
 God, the God of Israel.
24“For I will
Or dispossess
,
bd  drive out nations before you and enlarge your borders, and no man shall covet your land when you go up three times a year to appear before the  Lord your God.

25 be  “You shall not
Lit slaughter
offer the blood of My sacrifice with leavened bread bg  nor is the sacrifice of the Feast of the Passover to
Lit remain overnight
be left over until morning.

26You shall bring bi  the very first of the first fruits of your soil into the house of the  Lord your God.

You shall not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.”

27Then the  Lord said to Moses, bj  Write
Lit for yourself
down these words, for in accordance with these words I have made bl  a covenant with you and with Israel.”
28So he was there with the  Lord bm  forty days and forty nights; he did not eat bread or drink water. And
Or He, i.e. The  Lord
,
bo  he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant bp  the Ten
Lit Words
Commandments.

Moses’ Face Shines

29It came about when Moses was coming down from Mount Sinai (and the br  two tablets of the testimony were in Moses’ hand as he was coming down from the mountain), that Moses did not know that bs  the skin of his face shone because of his speaking with Him. 30So when Aaron and all the sons of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone, and bt  they were afraid to come near him. 31Then Moses called to them, and Aaron and all the rulers in the congregation returned to him; and Moses spoke to them. 32Afterward all the sons of Israel came near, and he commanded them to do everything that the  Lord had spoken
Lit with
to him on Mount Sinai.
33When Moses had finished speaking with them, bv  he put a veil over his face. 34But whenever Moses went in before the  Lord to speak with Him, bw  he would take off the veil until he came out; and whenever he came out and spoke to the sons of Israel what he had been commanded, 35 bx  the sons of Israel would see the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses’ face shone. So Moses would replace the veil over his face until he went in to speak with Him.
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