Ezekiel 18

God Deals Justly with Individuals

1Then the word of the  Lord came to me, saying, 2 a  What do you mean by using this proverb concerning the land of Israel, saying, b  The fathers eat the sour grapes,
But the children’s teeth
Lit become dull
are set on edge’?

3As I live,” declares the Lord
Heb YHWH, usually rendered  Lord , and so throughout the ch
 God, “you are surely not going to use this proverb in Israel anymore.
4Behold, e  all
Or lives
souls are Mine; the
Or life
soul of the father as well as the
Or life
soul of the son is Mine. The
Or person
soul who j  sins will die.

5But if a man is righteous and practices justice and righteousness, 6and does not k  eat at the mountain shrines or l  lift up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, or m  defile his neighbor’s wife or approach a woman during her menstrual period 7if a man does not oppress anyone, but n  restores to the debtor his pledge o  does not commit robbery, but p  gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing, 8if he does not lend money on q  interest or take r  increase, if he keeps his hand from iniquity and s  executes true justice between man and man, 9if he walks in t  My statutes and My ordinances so as to deal faithfullyu  he is righteous and will surely v  live,” declares the Lord  God.

10“Then he may
Lit beget
have a violent son who sheds blood and who does any of these things to a brother
11(though he himself did not do any of these things), that is, he even eats at the mountain shrines, and x  defiles his neighbor’s wife, 12oppresses the y  poor and needy z  commits robbery, does not restore a pledge, but lifts up his eyes to the idols and aa  commits abomination, 13he ab  lends money on interest and takes increase; will he live? He will not live! He has committed all these abominations, he will surely be put to death; his ac  blood will be
Lit on him
on his own head.

14Now behold, he
Lit begets
has a son who has observed all his father’s sins which he committed, and af  observing does not do likewise.
15He does not eat at the mountain shrines or lift up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, or defile his neighbor’s wife, 16or oppress anyone, or retain a pledge, or commit robbery, but he ag  gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing, 17he keeps his hand from
So M.T.; Gr reads iniquity as in v 8
the poor, does not take interest or increase, but executes My ordinances, and walks in My statutes; ai  he will not die for his father’s iniquity, he will surely live.
18As for his father, because he practiced extortion, robbed his brother and did what was not good among his people, behold, he will die for his iniquity.

19Yet you say, ‘ aj  Why should the son not bear the punishment for the father’s iniquity?’ When the son has practiced ak  justice and righteousness and has observed all My statutes and done them, he shall surely live. 20The person who al  sins will die. The am  son will not bear the punishment for the father’s iniquity, nor will the father bear the punishment for the son’s iniquity; the an  righteousness of the righteous will be upon himself, and the wickedness of the wicked will be upon himself.

21But if the ao  wicked man turns from all his sins which he has committed and observes all My statutes and practices justice and righteousness, he shall surely live; he shall not die. 22 ap  All his transgressions which he has committed will not be remembered against him; because of his aq  righteousness which he has practiced, he will live. 23 ar  Do I have any pleasure in the death of the wicked,” declares the Lord  God
Lit is it not
rather than that he should at  turn from his ways and live?

24But when a righteous man au  turns away from his righteousness, commits iniquity and does according to all the abominations that a wicked man does, will he live? av  All his righteous deeds which he has done will not be remembered for his aw  treachery which he has committed and his sin which he has committed; for them he will die. 25Yet you say, ‘ ax  The way of the Lord is not right.’ Hear now, O house of Israel! Is ay  My way not right? Is it not your ways that are not right? 26When a righteous man turns away from his righteousness, commits iniquity and dies because of it, for his iniquity which he has committed he will die. 27Again, when a wicked man turns away az  from his wickedness which he has committed and practices justice and righteousness, he will save his life. 28Because he considered and turned away from all his transgressions which he had committed, he shall surely live; he shall not die. 29But the house of Israel says, ‘The way of the Lord is not right.’ Are My ways not right, O house of Israel? Is it not your ways that are not right?

30Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, each according to his conduct,” declares the Lord  God. ba  Repent and turn away from all your transgressions, so that iniquity may not become a stumbling block to you. 31 bb  Cast away from you all your transgressions which you have committed and make yourselves a bc  new heart and a new spirit! For why will you die, O house of Israel? 32For I have bd  no pleasure in the death of anyone who dies,” declares the Lord  God. “Therefore, repent and live.”
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