Ezekiel 31

Pharaoh Warned of Assyria’s Fate

1In the a  eleventh year, in the third month, on the first of the month, the word of the  Lord came to me saying, 2Son of man, say to Pharaoh king of Egypt and to his b  hordes, Whom are you like in your greatness?
3Behold, Assyria was a c  cedar in Lebanon
With beautiful branches and forest shade,
And
Lit high of stature
,
e  very high,
And its top was among the
So Gr; M.T. thick boughs
clouds.
4‘The g  waters made it grow, the
I.e. subterranean waters
deep made it high.
With its rivers it continually
Lit was going
extended all around its planting place,
And sent out its channels to all the trees of the field.
5Therefore j  its height was loftier than all the trees of the field
And its boughs became many and its branches long
Because of k  many waters
Lit in its sending forth
as it spread them out.
6All the m  birds of the heavens nested in its boughs,
And under its branches all the beasts of the field gave birth,
And all great nations lived under its shade.
7So it was beautiful in its greatness, in the length of its branches;
For its
Lit root was
roots extended to many waters.
8‘The o  cedars in p  God’s garden
Lit did
could not match it;
The
Or Phoenician junipers
cypresses
Lit did
could not compare with its boughs,
And the plane trees
Lit were not like
could not match its branches.
No tree in u  God’s garden
Lit did
could compare with it in its beauty.
9I made it beautiful with the multitude of its branches,
And all the trees of w  Eden, which were in the x  garden of God, were jealous of it.

10Therefore thus says the Lord
Heb YHWH, usually rendered  Lord , and so throughout the ch
 God, “Because
Lit you are
it is high in stature and has set its top among the
Or thick boughs
clouds, and its ab  heart is haughty in its loftiness,
11therefore I will give it into the hand of a
Or mighty one
,
ad  despot of the nations; he will thoroughly deal with it. According to its wickedness I have ae  driven it away.
12 af  Alien ag  tyrants of the nations have cut it down and left it; on the ah  mountains and in all the valleys its branches have fallen and its boughs have been broken in all the ravines of the land. And all the peoples of the earth have ai  gone down from its shade and left it. 13On its ruin all the aj  birds of the heavens will dwell, and all the beasts of the field will be on its fallen branches 14so that all the trees by the waters may not be exalted in their stature, nor set their top among the
Or thick boughs
clouds, nor their
Lit drinkers of water
well-watered mighty ones stand erect in their height. For they have all been given over to death, to the am  earth beneath, among the sons of men, with those who go down to the pit.”

15Thus says the Lord  God, “On the day when it went down to Sheol I an  caused lamentations; I closed the
I.e. subterranean waters
deep over it and held back its rivers. And its many waters were stopped up, and I made Lebanon
Lit be darkened
mourn for it, and all the trees of the field wilted away on account of it.
16I made the nations aq  quake at the sound of its fall when I made it ar  go down to Sheol with those who go down to the pit; and all the
Lit drinkers of water
well-watered trees of Eden, the choicest and best of at  Lebanon, were au  comforted in the earth beneath.
17They also av  went down with it to Sheol to those who were aw  slain by the sword; and those who were its
Lit arm
strength lived ay  under its shade among the nations.

18To which among the trees of Eden are you thus
Lit like
equal in glory and greatness? Yet you will be brought down with the trees of Eden to the earth beneath; you will lie in the midst of the ba  uncircumcised, with those who were slain by the sword. bb  So is Pharaoh and all his hordes!”’ declares the Lord  God.”
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