Galatians 1


1Paul a  an apostle ( b  not sent from men nor through the agency of man, but c  through Jesus Christ and God the Father, who d  raised Him from the dead), 2and all e  the brethren who are with me,

To f  the churches of Galatia:

3 g  Grace to you and peace from
Two early mss read God the Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ
God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ,
4who i  gave Himself for our sins so that He might rescue us from j  this present evil
Or world
age, according to the will of l  our God and Father,
5 m  to whom be the glory forevermore. Amen.

Perversion of the Gospel

6I am amazed that you are so quickly deserting n  Him who called you
Lit in
by the grace of Christ, for a p  different gospel;
7which is really not another; only there are some who are q  disturbing you and want to distort the gospel of Christ. 8But even if we, or r  an angel from heaven, should preach to you a gospel
Or other than, more than
contrary to what we have preached to you, he is to be
Gr anathema
u  accursed!
9As we v  have said before, so I say again now, w  if any man is preaching to you a gospel
Or other than, more than
contrary to what you received, he is to be
Gr anathema
z  accursed!

10For am I now aa  seeking the favor of men, or of God? Or am I striving to please men? If I were still trying to please men, I would not be a ab  bond-servant of Christ.

Paul Defends His Ministry

11For ac  I would have you know, brethren, that the gospel which was preached by me is ad  not according to man. 12For ae  I neither received it from man, nor was I taught it, but I received it through a af  revelation of Jesus Christ.

13For you have heard of ag  my former manner of life in Judaism, how I ah  used to persecute ai  the church of God beyond measure and aj  tried to destroy it; 14and I ak  was advancing in Judaism beyond many of my contemporaries among my
Lit race
countrymen, being more extremely zealous for my am  ancestral traditions.
15But when God, who had set me apart even from my mother’s womb and an  called me through His grace, was pleased 16to reveal His Son in me so that I might ao  preach Him among the Gentiles ap  I did not immediately consult with
I.e. human beings
ar  flesh and blood,
17 as  nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me; but I went away to Arabia, and returned once more to at  Damascus.

18Then au  three years later I went up av  to Jerusalem to
Or visit Cephas
become acquainted with ax  Cephas, and stayed with him fifteen days.
19But I did not see any other of the apostles except
Or Jacob
az  James, the Lord’s brother.
20(Now in what I am writing to you,
Lit behold before God
I assure you bb  before God that I am not lying.)
21Then bc  I went into the regions of bd  Syria and be  Cilicia. 22I was still unknown by
Lit face
sight to bg  the churches of Judea which were bh  in Christ;
23but only, they kept hearing, “He who once persecuted us is now preaching bi  the faith which he once bj  tried to destroy.” 24And they bk  were glorifying God
Lit in me
because of me.
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