Galatians 1

Introduction

Paul a an apostle ( b not sent from men nor through the agency of man, but c through Jesus Christ and God the Father, who d raised Him from the dead), and all e the brethren who are with me,

To f the churches of Galatia:

g Grace to you and peace from
Two early mss read God the Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ
God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ,
who i gave Himself for our sins so that He might rescue us from j this present evil
Or world
age, according to the will of l our God and Father,
m to whom be the glory forevermore. Amen.

Perversion of the Gospel

I am amazed that you are so quickly deserting n Him who called you
Lit in
by the grace of Christ, for a p different gospel;
which is really not another; only there are some who are q disturbing you and want to distort the gospel of Christ. But even if we, or r an angel from heaven, should preach to you a gospel
Or other than, more than
contrary to what we have preached to you, he is to be
Gr anathema
,
u accursed!
As we v have said before, so I say again now, w if any man is preaching to you a gospel
Or other than, more than
contrary to what you received, he is to be
Gr anathema
,
z accursed!

10 For am I now aa seeking the favor of men, or of God? Or am I striving to please men? If I were still trying to please men, I would not be a ab bond-servant of Christ.

Paul Defends His Ministry

11 For ac I would have you know, brethren, that the gospel which was preached by me is ad not according to man. 12 For ae I neither received it from man, nor was I taught it, but I received it through a af revelation of Jesus Christ.

13 For you have heard of ag my former manner of life in Judaism, how I ah used to persecute ai the church of God beyond measure and aj tried to destroy it; 14 and I ak was advancing in Judaism beyond many of my contemporaries among my
Lit race
countrymen, being more extremely zealous for my am ancestral traditions.
15 But when God, who had set me apart even from my mother’s womb and an called me through His grace, was pleased 16 to reveal His Son in me so that I might ao preach Him among the Gentiles ap I did not immediately consult with
I.e. human beings
,
ar flesh and blood,
17  as nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me; but I went away to Arabia, and returned once more to at Damascus.

18 Then au three years later I went up av to Jerusalem to
Or visit Cephas
become acquainted with ax Cephas, and stayed with him fifteen days.
19 But I did not see any other of the apostles except
Or Jacob
,
az James, the Lord’s brother.
20 (Now in what I am writing to you,
Lit behold before God
I assure you bb before God that I am not lying.)
21 Then bc I went into the regions of bd Syria and be Cilicia. 22 I was still unknown by
Lit face
sight to bg the churches of Judea which were bh in Christ;
23 but only, they kept hearing, “He who once persecuted us is now preaching bi the faith which he once bj tried to destroy.” 24 And they bk were glorifying God
Lit in me
because of me.
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