Galatians 4

Sonship in Christ

1Now I say, as long as the heir is a
Or minor
child, he does not differ at all from a slave although he is
Lit lord
owner of everything,
2but he is under guardians and
Or stewards
managers until the date set by the father.
3So also we, while we were children, were held d  in bondage under the
Or rudimentary teachings or principles
f  elemental things of the world.
4But when g  the fullness of the time came, God sent forth His Son h  born of a woman, born i  under
Or law
the Law,
5so that He might redeem those who were under
Or law
the Law, that we might receive the adoption as l  sons.
6Because you are sons m  God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into our hearts, crying n  Abba! Father!” 7Therefore you are no longer a slave, but a son; and o  if a son, then an heir
I.e. through the gracious act of
through God.

8However at that time q  when you did not know God, you were r  slaves to s  those which by nature are no gods. 9But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be t  known by God u  how is it that you turn back again to the weak and worthless
Or rudimentary teachings or principles
w  elemental things, to which you desire to be enslaved all over again?
10You x  observe days and months and seasons and years. 11I fear for you, that perhaps I have labored
Or for
over you in vain.

12I beg of you, z  brethren aa  become as I am, for I also have become as you are. You have done me no wrong; 13but you know that it was because of a
Lit weakness of the flesh
bodily illness that I preached the gospel to you the
Or former
first time;
14and that which was a
Or temptation
trial to you in my
Lit flesh
bodily condition you did not despise or
Lit spit out at
loathe, but ag  you received me as an angel of God, as ah  Christ Jesus Himself.
15Where then is
Lit the congratulation of yourselves
that sense of blessing you had? For I bear you witness that, if possible, you would have plucked out your eyes and given them to me.
16So have I become your enemy aj  by
Or dealing truthfully with you
telling you the truth?
17They eagerly seek you, not commendably, but they wish to shut you out so that you will seek them. 18But it is good always to be eagerly sought in a commendable
Or thing
manner, and am  not only when I am present with you.
19 an  My children, with whom ao  I am again in labor until ap  Christ is formed in you— 20but I could wish to be present with you now and to change my tone, for aq  I am perplexed about you.

Bond and Free

21Tell me, you who want to be under law, do you not ar  listen to the law? 22For it is written that Abraham had two sons as  one by the bondwoman and at  one by the free woman. 23But au  the son by the bondwoman
Lit has been born
was born according to the flesh, and aw  the son by the free woman through the promise.
Lit Which
ay  This is allegorically speaking, for these women are two covenants: one proceeding from az  Mount Sinai bearing children
Lit into slavery
who are to be bb  slaves;
Lit which
she is Hagar.
25Now this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children. 26But bd  the Jerusalem above is free;
Lit which
she is our mother.
27For it is written, bf  Rejoice, barren woman who does not bear;
Break forth and shout, you who are not in labor;
For more numerous are the children of the desolate
Than of the one who has a husband.”

28And you brethren bg  like Isaac, are bh  children of promise. 29But as at that time bi  he who was born according to the flesh bj  persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit bk  so it is now also. 30But what does the Scripture say? bl  Cast out the bondwoman and her son,
For bm  the son of the bondwoman shall not be an heir with the son of the free woman.”

31So then, brethren, we are not children of a bondwoman
V 5:1, note 1
but of the free woman.
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