Sonship in Christ1 Now I say, as long as the heir is a ▼
▼ Or minorchild, he does not differ at all from a slave although he is ▼
▼ Lit lordowner of everything, 2 but he is under guardians and ▼
▼ Or stewardsmanagers until the date set by the father. 3 So also we, while we were children, were held d in bondage under the ▼
▼ Or rudimentary teachings or principles, f elemental things of the world. 4 But when g the fullness of the time came, God sent forth His Son h born of a woman, born i under ▼
▼ Or lawthe Law, 5 so that He might redeem those who were under ▼
▼ Or lawthe Law, that we might receive the adoption as l sons. 6 Because you are sons m God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into our hearts, crying n “Abba! Father!” 7 Therefore you are no longer a slave, but a son; and o if a son, then an heir ▼
▼ I.e. through the gracious act ofthrough God. 8 However at that time q when you did not know God, you were r slaves to s those which by nature are no gods. 9 But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be t known by God u how is it that you turn back again to the weak and worthless ▼
▼ Or rudimentary teachings or principles, w elemental things, to which you desire to be enslaved all over again? 10 You x observe days and months and seasons and years. 11 I fear for you, that perhaps I have labored ▼
▼ Or forover you in vain. 12 I beg of you, z brethren aa become as I am, for I also have become as you are. You have done me no wrong; 13 but you know that it was because of a ▼
▼ Lit weakness of the fleshbodily illness that I preached the gospel to you the ▼
▼ Or formerfirst time; 14 and that which was a ▼
▼ Or temptationtrial to you in my ▼
▼ Lit fleshbodily condition you did not despise or ▼
▼ Lit spit out atloathe, but ag you received me as an angel of God, as ah Christ Jesus Himself. 15 Where then is ▼
▼ Lit the congratulation of yourselvesthat sense of blessing you had? For I bear you witness that, if possible, you would have plucked out your eyes and given them to me. 16 So have I become your enemy aj by ▼
▼ Or dealing truthfully with youtelling you the truth? 17 They eagerly seek you, not commendably, but they wish to shut you out so that you will seek them. 18 But it is good always to be eagerly sought in a commendable ▼
▼ Or thingmanner, and am not only when I am present with you. 19 an My children, with whom ao I am again in labor until ap Christ is formed in you— 20 but I could wish to be present with you now and to change my tone, for aq I am perplexed about you.
Bond and Free21 Tell me, you who want to be under law, do you not ar listen to the law? 22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons as one by the bondwoman and at one by the free woman. 23 But au the son by the bondwoman ▼
▼ Lit has been bornwas born according to the flesh, and aw the son by the free woman through the promise. 24 ▼
▼ Lit Which, ay This is allegorically speaking, for these women are two covenants: one proceeding from az Mount Sinai bearing children ▼
▼ Lit into slaverywho are to be bb slaves; ▼
▼ Lit whichshe is Hagar. 25 Now this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children. 26 But bd the Jerusalem above is free; ▼
▼ Lit whichshe is our mother. 27 For it is written, bf “Rejoice, barren woman who does not bear;
Break forth and shout, you who are not in labor;
For more numerous are the children of the desolate
Than of the one who has a husband.”
28 And you brethren bg like Isaac, are bh children of promise. 29 But as at that time bi he who was born according to the flesh bj persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit bk so it is now also. 30 But what does the Scripture say? bl “Cast out the bondwoman and her son,
For bm the son of the bondwoman shall not be an heir with the son of the free woman.”
31 So then, brethren, we are not children of a bondwoman ▼
▼ V 5:1, note 1but of the free woman.
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