Galatians 4

Sonship in Christ

Now I say, as long as the heir is a
Or minor
child, he does not differ at all from a slave although he is
Lit lord
owner of everything,
but he is under guardians and
Or stewards
managers until the date set by the father.
So also we, while we were children, were held d in bondage under the
Or rudimentary teachings or principles
,
f elemental things of the world.
But when g the fullness of the time came, God sent forth His Son h born of a woman, born i under
Or law
the Law,
so that He might redeem those who were under
Or law
the Law, that we might receive the adoption as l sons.
Because you are sons m God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into our hearts, crying n Abba! Father!” Therefore you are no longer a slave, but a son; and o if a son, then an heir
I.e. through the gracious act of
through God.

However at that time q when you did not know God, you were r slaves to s those which by nature are no gods. But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be t known by God u how is it that you turn back again to the weak and worthless
Or rudimentary teachings or principles
,
w elemental things, to which you desire to be enslaved all over again?
10 You x observe days and months and seasons and years. 11 I fear for you, that perhaps I have labored
Or for
over you in vain.

12 I beg of you, z brethren aa become as I am, for I also have become as you are. You have done me no wrong; 13 but you know that it was because of a
Lit weakness of the flesh
bodily illness that I preached the gospel to you the
Or former
first time;
14 and that which was a
Or temptation
trial to you in my
Lit flesh
bodily condition you did not despise or
Lit spit out at
loathe, but ag you received me as an angel of God, as ah Christ Jesus Himself.
15 Where then is
Lit the congratulation of yourselves
that sense of blessing you had? For I bear you witness that, if possible, you would have plucked out your eyes and given them to me.
16 So have I become your enemy aj by
Or dealing truthfully with you
telling you the truth?
17 They eagerly seek you, not commendably, but they wish to shut you out so that you will seek them. 18 But it is good always to be eagerly sought in a commendable
Or thing
manner, and am not only when I am present with you.
19  an My children, with whom ao I am again in labor until ap Christ is formed in you— 20 but I could wish to be present with you now and to change my tone, for aq I am perplexed about you.

Bond and Free

21 Tell me, you who want to be under law, do you not ar listen to the law? 22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons as one by the bondwoman and at one by the free woman. 23 But au the son by the bondwoman
Lit has been born
was born according to the flesh, and aw the son by the free woman through the promise.
24 
Lit Which
,
ay This is allegorically speaking, for these women are two covenants: one proceeding from az Mount Sinai bearing children
Lit into slavery
who are to be bb slaves;
Lit which
she is Hagar.
25 Now this Hagar is Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present Jerusalem, for she is in slavery with her children. 26 But bd the Jerusalem above is free;
Lit which
she is our mother.
27 For it is written, bf Rejoice, barren woman who does not bear;
Break forth and shout, you who are not in labor;
For more numerous are the children of the desolate
Than of the one who has a husband.”

28 And you brethren bg like Isaac, are bh children of promise. 29 But as at that time bi he who was born according to the flesh bj persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit bk so it is now also. 30 But what does the Scripture say? bl Cast out the bondwoman and her son,
For bm  the son of the bondwoman shall not be an heir with the son of the free woman.”

31 So then, brethren, we are not children of a bondwoman
V 5:1, note 1
but of the free woman.
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