Genesis 17

Abraham and the Covenant of Circumcision

1Now when Abram was ninety-nine years old a  the  Lord appeared to Abram and said to him, “I am
Heb El Shaddai
God c  Almighty;
Walk before Me, and be
Lit complete, perfect; or having integrity
,
e  blameless.
2“I will
Lit give
establish My g  covenant between Me and you,
And I will h  multiply you exceedingly.”

3Abram i  fell on his face, and God talked with him, saying, 4As for Me, behold, My covenant is with you,
And you will be the father of a j  multitude of nations.
5No longer shall your name be called
I.e. exalted father
Abram,
But l  your name shall be
I.e. father of a multitude
Abraham;
For n  I have made you the father of a multitude of nations.

6I will make you exceedingly fruitful, and I will make nations of you, and o  kings will come forth from you. 7I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your
Lit seed
descendants after you throughout their generations for an q  everlasting covenant, r  to be God to you and s  to your
Lit seed
descendants after you.
8 u  I will give to you and to your
Lit seed
descendants after you, the land of your sojournings, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and w  I will be their God.”

9God said further to Abraham, “Now as for you, x  you shall keep My covenant, you and your
Lit seed
descendants after you throughout their generations.
10 z  This is My covenant, which you shall keep, between Me and you and your
Lit seed
descendants after you: every male among you shall be circumcised.
11“And ab  you shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskin, and it shall be the sign of the covenant between Me and you. 12And every male among you who is ac  eight days old shall be circumcised throughout your generations, a servant who is born in the house or who is bought with money from any foreigner, who is not of your
Lit seed
descendants.
13“A servant who is born in your house or ae  who is bought with your money shall surely be circumcised; thus shall My covenant be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant. 14But an uncircumcised male who is not circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin, that person shall be af  cut off from his people; he has broken My covenant.”

15Then God said to Abraham, “As for Sarai your wife, you shall not call her name Sarai, but
I.e. princess
Sarah shall be her name.
16I will bless her, and indeed I will give you ah  a son by her. Then I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; ai  kings of peoples will
Lit be
come from her.”
17Then Abraham ak  fell on his face and laughed, and said in his heart, “Will a child be born to a man one hundred years old? And al  will Sarah, who is ninety years old, bear a child?” 18And Abraham said to God, “Oh that Ishmael might live before You!” 19But God said, “No, but Sarah your wife will bear you am  a son, and you shall call his name
I.e. he laughs
Isaac; and ao  I will establish My covenant with him for an everlasting covenant for his
Lit seed
descendants after him.
20As for Ishmael, I have heard you; behold, I will bless him, and aq  will make him fruitful and will multiply him exceedingly. ar  He shall
Lit beget twelve princes
become the father of twelve princes, and I will make him a at  great nation.
21But My covenant I will establish with au  Isaac, whom av  Sarah will bear to you at this season next year.” 22When He finished talking with him, aw  God went up from Abraham.

23Then Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all the servants who were ax  born in his house and all who were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham’s household, and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the very same day ay  as God had said to him. 24Now Abraham was ninety-nine years old when az  he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 25And ba  Ishmael his son was thirteen years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 26In the very same day Abraham was circumcised, and Ishmael his son. 27All the men of his household, who were bb  born in the house or bought with money from a foreigner, were circumcised with him.
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