Genesis 38

Judah and Tamar

And it came about at that time, that Judah
Lit went down
departed from his brothers and
Lit turned aside to
visited a certain c Adullamite, whose name was Hirah.
Judah saw there a daughter of a certain Canaanite whose name was d Shua; and he took her and went in to her. So she conceived and bore a son and he named him e Er. Then she conceived again and bore a son and named him f Onan. She bore still another son and named him g Shelah; and it was at Chezib
Lit when
that she bore him.

Now Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, and her name was Tamar. But i Er, Judah’s firstborn, was evil in the sight of the  Lord, so the  Lord took his life. Then Judah said to Onan j Go in to your brother’s wife, and perform your duty as a brother-in-law to her, and raise up
Lit seed
offspring for your brother.”
Onan knew that the
Lit seed
m offspring would not be his; so when he went in to his brother’s wife, he
Lit spilled on the ground
wasted his seed on the ground in order not to give
Lit seed
offspring to his brother.
10 But what he did was displeasing in the sight of the  Lord; so He p took his life also. 11 Then Judah said to his daughter-in-law Tamar q Remain a widow in your father’s house until my son Shelah grows up”; for he
Lit said
thought, “I am afraid that he too may die like his brothers.” So Tamar went and lived in her father’s house.

12 Now
Lit the days became many and
after a considerable time Shua’s daughter, the wife of Judah, died; and when
Lit Judah was comforted, he
the time of mourning was ended, Judah went up to his sheepshearers at u Timnah, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.
13 It was told to Tamar
Lit saying, Behold
Behold, your father-in-law is going up to w Timnah to shear his sheep.”
14 So she
Lit removed from herself
removed her widow’s garments and y covered herself with a
Or shawl
veil, and wrapped herself, and sat in the gateway of
In Jos.15.34, Enam
Enaim, which is on the road to Timnah; for she saw that Shelah had grown up, and ab she had not been given to him as a wife.
15 When Judah saw her, he thought she was a harlot, for she had covered her face. 16 So he turned aside to her by the road, and said
Or Come, now
Here now, let me come in to you”; for he did not know that she was his daughter-in-law. And she said, “What will you give me, that you may come in to me?”
17 He said, therefore, “I will send you a
Lit kid of goats
young goat from the flock.” She said, moreover, “Will you give a pledge until you send it?”
18 He said, “What pledge shall I give you?” And she said ae Your seal and your cord, and your staff that is in your hand.” So he gave them to her and went in to her, and she conceived by him. 19 Then she arose and departed, and
Lit removed from herself
removed her
Or shawl
veil and put on her widow’s garments.

20 When Judah sent the
Lit kid of goats by the hand of
young goat by his friend the Adullamite, to receive the pledge from the woman’s hand, he did not find her.
21 He asked the men of her place, saying, “Where is the temple prostitute who was by the road at Enaim?” But they said, “There has been no temple prostitute here.” 22 So he returned to Judah, and said, “I did not find her; and furthermore, the men of the place said, ‘There has been no temple prostitute here.’” 23 Then Judah said, “Let her
Lit take for herself
keep them, otherwise we will become a laughingstock.
Lit Behold
After all, I sent this young goat, but you did not find her.”

24 Now it was about three months later that Judah was informed
Lit saying, Your
Your daughter-in-law Tamar has played the harlot, and behold, she is also with child by harlotry.” Then Judah said, “Bring her out and al let her be burned!”
25 It was while she was being brought out that she sent to her father-in-law, saying, “I am with child by the man to whom these things belong.” And she said am Please examine and see, whose signet ring and cords and staff are these?” 26 Judah recognized them, and said an She is more righteous than I, inasmuch as ao I did not give her to my son Shelah.” And he did not
Lit know her yet again
have relations with her again.

27 It came about at the time she was giving birth, that behold, there were aq twins in her womb. 28 Moreover, it took place while she was giving birth, one put out a hand, and the midwife took and tied a scarlet thread on his hand, saying, “This one came out first.” 29 But it came about as he drew back his hand, that behold, his brother came out. Then she said, “What a breach you have made for yourself!” So he was named
I.e. a breach
as Perez.
30 Afterward his brother came out who had the scarlet thread on his hand; and he was named
I.e. a dawning or brightness
au Zerah.
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