Genesis 49

Israel’s Prophecy concerning His Sons

1Then Jacob summoned his sons and said, “Assemble yourselves that I may tell you what will befall you a  in the
Lit end of the days
days to come.
2Gather together and hear, O sons of Jacob;
And c  listen to Israel your father.

3Reuben, you are my firstborn;
My might and d  the beginning of my strength,
Lit preeminence
Preeminent in dignity and
Lit preeminence
preeminent in power.
4
Or Boiling over; lit Recklessness
Uncontrolled as water, you shall not have preeminence,
h  Because you went up to your father’s bed;
Then you defiled ithe went up to my couch.

5 i  Simeon and Levi are brothers;
Their swords are implements of violence.
6 j  Let my soul not enter into their council;
Let not my glory be united with their assembly;
Because in their anger they slew
Lit a man
men,
And in their self-will they lamed
Lit an ox
oxen.
7Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce;
And their wrath, for it is cruel.
m  I will
Lit divide
disperse them in Jacob,
And scatter them in Israel.

8Judah, your brothers shall praise you;
Your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies;
o  Your father’s sons shall bow down to you.
9Judah is a p  lion’s whelp;
From the prey, my son, you have gone up.
q  He
Lit bows down
couches, he lies down as a lion,
And as a
Or lioness
lion, who
Lit shall
dares rouse him up?
10 u  The scepter shall not depart from Judah,
Nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,
Or Until he comes to Shiloh; or Until he comes to whom it belongs
Until Shiloh comes,
And w  to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.
11
Lit Binding of
,
y  He ties his foal to the vine,
And his donkey’s colt to the choice vine;
z  He washes his garments in wine,
And his robes in the blood of grapes.
12His eyes are
Or darker than
dull from wine,
And his teeth
Or whiter than
white from milk.

13 ac  Zebulun will dwell at the seashore;
And he shall be
Lit for a shore of ships
a haven for ships,
And his flank shall be toward Sidon.

14Issachar is
Lit a donkey of bone
a strong donkey,
af  Lying down between the
Or saddlebags
sheepfolds.
15When he saw that a resting place was good
And that the land was pleasant,
He bowed his shoulder to bear burdens,
And became a slave at forced labor.

16 ah  Dan shall ai  judge his people,
As one of the tribes of Israel.
17Dan shall be a serpent in the way,
A horned snake in the path,
That bites the horse’s heels,
So that his rider falls backward.
18 aj  For Your salvation I wait, O  Lord.

19 ak  As for Gad
Lit a raiding band
raiders shall raid him,
But he will raid at their
Lit heel
heels.

20
Lit From
,
ao  “As for ap  Asher, his
Or bread
food shall be
Lit fat
rich,
And he will yield royal dainties.

21 as  Naphtali is a doe let loose,
He gives beautiful words.

22 at  Joseph is a fruitful
Lit son
bough,
A fruitful
Lit son
bough by a spring;
Its
Lit daughters
branches run over a wall.
23The archers bitterly attacked him,
And shot at him and harassed him;
24But his ax  bow remained
I.e. in an unyielding position
firm,
And
Lit the arms of his hands
,
ba  his arms were agile,
From the hands of the bb  Mighty One of Jacob
(From there is bc  the Shepherd bd  the Stone of Israel),
25From be  the God of your father who helps you,
And
Or with
,
bg  by the
Heb Shaddai
Almighty who blesses you
With bi  blessings of heaven above,
Blessings of the deep that lies beneath,
Blessings of the breasts and of the womb.
26The blessings of your father
Have surpassed the blessings of my ancestors
Up to the
Lit limit; or desire
utmost bound of bk  the everlasting hills;
May they be on the head of Joseph,
And on the crown of the head of the one distinguished among his brothers.

27Benjamin is a
Lit a wolf that tears
ravenous wolf;
In the morning he devours the prey,
And in the evening he divides the spoil.”

28All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is what their father said to them
Lit and
when he blessed them. He blessed them, every one
Lit according to his blessing
with the blessing appropriate to him.
29Then he charged them and said to them, “I am about to be bo  gathered to my people; bp  bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in bq  the field of Ephron the Hittite, 30in the br  cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought along with the field from Ephron the Hittite for a
Lit possession of a burial place
burial site.
31There they buried bt  Abraham and his wife bu  Sarah, there they buried bv  Isaac and his wife Rebekah, and there I buried Leah 32the field and the cave that is in it, purchased from the sons of Heth.” 33When Jacob finished charging his sons, he drew his feet into the bed and bw  breathed his last, and was bx  gathered to his people.
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