Israel’s Prophecy concerning His Sons1Then Jacob summoned his sons and said, “Assemble yourselves that I may tell you what will befall you a in the ▼
▼ Lit end of the daysdays to come. 2“Gather together and hear, O sons of Jacob;
And c listen to Israel your father.
3“Reuben, you are my firstborn;
My might and d the beginning of my strength,
▼ Lit preeminencePreeminent in dignity and ▼
▼ Lit preeminencepreeminent in power.
▼ Or Boiling over; lit Recklessness“Uncontrolled as water, you shall not have preeminence,
h Because you went up to your father’s bed;
Then you defiled it—he went up to my couch.
5 i “Simeon and Levi are brothers;
Their swords are implements of violence.
6 j “Let my soul not enter into their council;
Let not my glory be united with their assembly;
Because in their anger they slew ▼
▼ Lit a manmen,
And in their self-will they lamed ▼
▼ Lit an oxoxen.
7“Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce;
And their wrath, for it is cruel.
m I will ▼
▼ Lit dividedisperse them in Jacob,
And scatter them in Israel.
8“Judah, your brothers shall praise you;
Your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies;
o Your father’s sons shall bow down to you.
9“Judah is a p lion’s whelp;
From the prey, my son, you have gone up.
q He ▼
▼ Lit bows downcouches, he lies down as a lion,
And as a ▼
▼ Or lionesslion, who ▼
▼ Lit shalldares rouse him up?
10 u “The scepter shall not depart from Judah,
Nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,
▼ Or Until he comes to Shiloh; or Until he comes to whom it belongsUntil Shiloh comes,
And w to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.
▼ Lit Binding of, y “He ties his foal to the vine,
And his donkey’s colt to the choice vine;
z He washes his garments in wine,
And his robes in the blood of grapes.
12“His eyes are ▼
▼ Or darker thandull from wine,
And his teeth ▼
▼ Or whiter thanwhite from milk.
13 ac “Zebulun will dwell at the seashore;
And he shall be ▼
▼ Lit for a shore of shipsa haven for ships,
And his flank shall be toward Sidon.
14“Issachar is ▼
▼ Lit a donkey of bonea strong donkey,
af Lying down between the ▼
▼ Or saddlebagssheepfolds.
15“When he saw that a resting place was good
And that the land was pleasant,
He bowed his shoulder to bear burdens,
And became a slave at forced labor.
16 ah “Dan shall ai judge his people,
As one of the tribes of Israel.
17“Dan shall be a serpent in the way,
A horned snake in the path,
That bites the horse’s heels,
So that his rider falls backward.
18 aj “For Your salvation I wait, O Lord.
19 ak “As for Gad ▼
▼ Lit a raiding bandraiders shall raid him,
But he will raid at their ▼
▼ Lit heelheels.
▼ Lit From, ao “As for ap Asher, his ▼
▼ Or breadfood shall be ▼
▼ Lit fatrich,
And he will yield royal dainties.
21 as “Naphtali is a doe let loose,
He gives beautiful words.
22 at “Joseph is a fruitful ▼
▼ Lit sonbough,
A fruitful ▼
▼ Lit sonbough by a spring;
▼ Lit daughtersbranches run over a wall.
23“The archers bitterly attacked him,
And shot at him and harassed him;
24But his ax bow remained ▼
▼ I.e. in an unyielding positionfirm,
▼ Lit the arms of his hands, ba his arms were agile,
From the hands of the bb Mighty One of Jacob
(From there is bc the Shepherd bd the Stone of Israel),
25From be the God of your father who helps you,
▼ Or with, bg by the ▼
▼ Heb ShaddaiAlmighty who blesses you
With bi blessings of heaven above,
Blessings of the deep that lies beneath,
Blessings of the breasts and of the womb.
26“The blessings of your father
Have surpassed the blessings of my ancestors
Up to the ▼
▼ Lit limit; or desireutmost bound of bk the everlasting hills;
May they be on the head of Joseph,
And on the crown of the head of the one distinguished among his brothers.
27“Benjamin is a ▼
▼ Lit a wolf that tearsravenous wolf;
In the morning he devours the prey,
And in the evening he divides the spoil.”
28All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is what their father said to them ▼
▼ Lit andwhen he blessed them. He blessed them, every one ▼
▼ Lit according to his blessingwith the blessing appropriate to him. 29Then he charged them and said to them, “I am about to be bo gathered to my people; bp bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in bq the field of Ephron the Hittite, 30in the br cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought along with the field from Ephron the Hittite for a ▼
▼ Lit possession of a burial placeburial site. 31“There they buried bt Abraham and his wife bu Sarah, there they buried bv Isaac and his wife Rebekah, and there I buried Leah— 32the field and the cave that is in it, purchased from the sons of Heth.” 33When Jacob finished charging his sons, he drew his feet into the bed and bw breathed his last, and was bx gathered to his people.
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