Hebrews 11

The Triumphs of Faith

1Now faith is the
Or substance
,
b  assurance of things
Or expected
,
d  hoped for, the
Or evidence
conviction of f  things not seen.
2For by it the g  men of old
Lit obtained a good testimony
,
i  gained approval.

3By faith we understand that the
Lit ages
,
k  worlds were prepared l  by the word of God, so that what is seen m  was not made out of things which are visible.
4By faith n  Abel offered to God a better sacrifice than Cain, through which he o  obtained the testimony that he was righteous, God testifying
I.e. by receiving his gifts
about his q  gifts, and through
Lit it
faith, though s  he is dead, he still speaks.
5By faith t  Enoch was taken up so that he would not u  see death; and he was not found because God took him up; for he obtained the witness that before his being taken up he was pleasing to God. 6And without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who v  comes to God must believe that He is and that He is a rewarder of those who seek Him. 7By faith w  Noah, being x  warned by God about y  things not yet seen
Lit having become reverent
,
aa  in reverence ab  prepared an ark for the salvation of his household, by which he condemned the world, and became an heir of ac  the righteousness which is according to faith.

8By faith ad  Abraham, when he was called, obeyed
Lit to go out
by going out to a place which he was to af  receive for an inheritance; and he went out, not knowing where he was going.
9By faith he lived as an alien in ag  the land of promise, as in a foreign land ah  dwelling in tents with Isaac and Jacob ai  fellow heirs of the same promise; 10for he was looking for aj  the city which has ak  foundations al  whose architect and builder is God. 11By faith even am  Sarah herself received
Lit power for the laying down of seed
ability to conceive, even beyond the proper time of life, since she considered Him ao  faithful who had promised.
12Therefore there was born even of one man, and ap  him as good as dead
Lit in these things
at that, as many descendants ar  as the stars of heaven in number, and innumerable as the sand which is by the seashore.

13 as  All these died in faith at  without receiving the promises, but au  having seen them and having welcomed them from a distance, and av  having confessed that they were strangers and exiles on the earth. 14For those who say such things make it clear that they are seeking a country of their own. 15And indeed if they had been
Or remembering
thinking of that country from which they went out, ax  they would have had opportunity to return.
16But as it is, they desire a better country, that is, a ay  heavenly one. Therefore az  God is not
Lit ashamed of them, to be
ashamed to be bb  called their God; for bc  He has prepared a city for them.

17By faith bd  Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac, and he who had be  received the promises was offering up his only begotten son; 18it was he to whom it was said bf  In Isaac your
Lit seed
descendants shall be called.”
19
Lit Considering
He considered that bi  God is able to raise people even from the dead, from which he also received him back
Or figuratively speaking; lit in a parable
as a bk  type.
20By faith bl  Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau, even regarding things to come. 21By faith bm  Jacob, as he was dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph, and bn  worshiped, leaning on the top of his staff. 22By faith bo  Joseph, when he was dying, made mention of the exodus of the sons of Israel, and gave orders concerning his bones.

23By faith bp  Moses, when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw he was a beautiful child; and they were not afraid of the bq  king’s edict. 24By faith Moses br  when he had grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, 25choosing rather to bs  endure ill-treatment with the people of God than to enjoy the passing pleasures of sin, 26 bt  considering the reproach of
I.e. the Messiah
Christ greater riches than the treasures of Egypt; for he was looking to the bv  reward.
27By faith he bw  left Egypt, not bx  fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured, as by  seeing Him who is unseen. 28By faith he
Lit has kept
,
ca  kept the Passover and the sprinkling of the blood, so that cb  he who destroyed the firstborn would not touch them.
29By faith they cc  passed through the Red Sea as though they were passing through dry land; and the Egyptians, when they attempted it, were
Lit swallowed up
drowned.

30By faith ce  the walls of Jericho fell down cf  after they had been encircled for seven days. 31By faith cg  Rahab the harlot did not perish along with those who were disobedient, after she had welcomed the spies
Lit with
in peace.

32And what more shall I say? For time will fail me if I tell of ci  Gideon cj  Barak ck  Samson cl  Jephthah, of cm  David and cn  Samuel and the prophets, 33who by faith co  conquered kingdoms cp  performed acts of righteousness cq  obtained promises cr  shut the mouths of lions, 34 cs  quenched the power of fire ct  escaped the edge of the sword, from weakness were made strong cu  became mighty in war cv  put foreign armies to flight. 35 cw  Women received back their dead by resurrection; and others were tortured, not accepting their
Lit redemption
release, so that they might obtain a better resurrection;
36and others
Lit received the trial of
experienced mockings and scourgings, yes, also cz  chains and imprisonment.
37They were da  stoned, they were db  sawn in two,
One early ms does not contain they were tempted
they were tempted, they were dd  put to death with the sword; they went about de  in sheepskins, in goatskins, being destitute, afflicted, df  ill-treated
38( men of whom the world was not worthy), dg  wandering in deserts and mountains and caves and holes
Lit of
in the ground.

39And all these, having
Lit obtained a testimony
,
dj  gained approval through their faith dk  did not receive
Lit the promise
what was promised,
40because God had
Or foreseen
provided dn  something better for us, so that do  apart from us they would not be made perfect.
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