Isaiah 28

Ephraim’s Captivity Predicted

1Woe to the proud crown of the a  drunkards of b  Ephraim,
And to the fading flower of its glorious beauty,
Which is at the head of the
Lit valley of fatness
fertile valley
Of those who are
Lit smitten
overcome with wine!
2Behold, the Lord has a strong and e  mighty agent;
As a storm of f  hail, a tempest of destruction,
Like a storm of g  mighty overflowing waters,
He has cast it down to the earth with His hand.
3The proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim is h  trodden under foot.
4And the fading flower of its glorious beauty,
Which is at the head of the
Lit valley of fatness
fertile valley,
Will be like the j  first-ripe fig prior to summer,
Lit the one seeing sees
one sees,
Lit while it is yet
as soon as it is in his
Lit palm
He swallows it.
5In that day the n   Lord of hosts will become a beautiful o  crown
And a glorious diadem to the remnant of His people;
6A p  spirit of justice for him who sits in judgment,
A q  strength to those who repel the
Lit battle
onslaught at the gate.
7And these also s  reel with wine and stagger from strong drink:
t  The priest and u  the prophet reel with strong drink,
They are confused by wine, they stagger from v  strong drink;
They reel while
Lit seeing
having x  visions,
They totter when rendering judgment.
8For all the tables are full of filthy y  vomit, without a single clean place.

9“To z  whom would He teach knowledge,
And to whom would He interpret the message?
Those just aa  weaned from milk?
Those just taken from the breast?
10“For He says,
Heb Sav lasav, sav lasav, Kav lakav, kav lakav, Ze’ er sham, ze’ er sham These Hebrew monosyllables, imitating the babbling of a child, mock the prophet’s preaching
ac  Order on order, order on order,
Line on line, line on line,
A little here, a little there.’”
11Indeed, He will speak to this people
Through ad  stammering lips and a foreign tongue,
12He who said to them, “Here is ae  rest, give rest to the weary,”
And, “Here is repose,” but they would not listen.
13So the word of the  Lord to them will be,
V 10, note 1 The  Lord responds to their scoffing by imitating their mockery, to represent the unintelligible language of a conqueror
Order on order, order on order,
Line on line, line on line,
A little here, a little there,”
That they may go and ag  stumble backward, be broken, snared and taken captive.

Judah Is Warned

14 Therefore, ah  hear the word of the  Lord, O ai  scoffers,
Who rule this people who are in Jerusalem,
15Because you have said, “We have made a aj  covenant with death,
And with
I.e. the nether world
Sheol we have made a
So some ancient versions; Heb seer
am  The overwhelming
Or flood
scourge will not reach us when it passes by,
For we have made ao  falsehood our refuge and we have ap  concealed ourselves with deception.”

16Therefore thus says the Lord
Heb YHWH, usually rendered  Lord
 God, ar  Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone, a tested as  stone,
A costly cornerstone for the foundation
Lit well-laid
firmly placed.
He who believes in it will not be
Lit in a hurry
17I will make av  justice the measuring line
And righteousness the level;
Then aw  hail will sweep away the refuge of lies
And the waters will overflow the secret place.
18“Your ax  covenant with death will be
Lit covered over
az  canceled,
And your pact with Sheol will not stand;
When the ba  overwhelming scourge passes through,
Then you become its bb  trampling place.
19“As bc  often as it passes through, it will
Lit take
seize you;
For be  morning after morning it will pass through, anytime during the day or night,
And it will be
Lit only
sheer bg  terror to understand
Lit the report, or, the message
what it means.”
20The bed is too short on which to stretch out,
And the bi  blanket is too
Lit narrow
small to wrap oneself in.
21For the  Lord will rise up as at Mount bk  Perazim,
He will be stirred up as in the valley of bl  Gibeon,
To do His bm  task, His
Lit task is strange
bo  unusual task,
And to work His work, His
Lit work is alien
extraordinary work.
22And now do not carry on as bq  scoffers,
Or your fetters will be made stronger;
For I have heard from the Lord
Heb YHWH, usually rendered  Lord
 God of hosts
Of decisive bs  destruction on all the earth.

23Give ear and hear my voice,
Listen and hear my words.
24Does the
Lit plowman
farmer plow
Lit all day
continually to plant seed?
Does he continually
Lit open
turn and harrow the ground?
25Does he not level its surface
And sow dill and scatter bw  cummin
Lit put
plant by  wheat in rows,
Barley in its place and rye within its
Lit region
26For his God instructs and teaches him properly.
27For dill is not threshed with a ca  threshing sledge,
Nor is the cartwheel
Lit rolled
driven over cummin;
But dill is beaten out with a rod, and cummin with a club.
28 Grain for bread is crushed,
Indeed, he does not continue to thresh it forever.
Because the wheel of his cart and his horses eventually
Lit discomfit
damage it,
He does not thresh it longer.
29This also comes from the  Lord of hosts,
Who has made His counsel cd  wonderful and His wisdom ce  great.

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