Isaiah 28

Ephraim’s Captivity Predicted

Woe to the proud crown of the a drunkards of b Ephraim,
And to the fading flower of its glorious beauty,
Which is at the head of the
Lit valley of fatness
fertile valley
Of those who are
Lit smitten
overcome with wine!
Behold, the Lord has a strong and e mighty agent;
As a storm of f hail, a tempest of destruction,
Like a storm of g mighty overflowing waters,
He has cast it down to the earth with His hand.
The proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim is h trodden under foot.
And the fading flower of its glorious beauty,
Which is at the head of the
Lit valley of fatness
fertile valley,
Will be like the j first-ripe fig prior to summer,
Lit the one seeing sees
one sees,
Lit while it is yet
as soon as it is in his
Lit palm
He swallows it.
In that day the n  Lord of hosts will become a beautiful o crown
And a glorious diadem to the remnant of His people;
A p spirit of justice for him who sits in judgment,
A q strength to those who repel the
Lit battle
onslaught at the gate.
And these also s reel with wine and stagger from strong drink:
t The priest and u the prophet reel with strong drink,
They are confused by wine, they stagger from v strong drink;
They reel while
Lit seeing
having x visions,
They totter when rendering judgment.
For all the tables are full of filthy y vomit, without a single clean place.

“To z whom would He teach knowledge,
And to whom would He interpret the message?
Those just aa weaned from milk?
Those just taken from the breast?
10 “For He says,
Heb Sav lasav, sav lasav, Kav lakav, kav lakav, Ze’ er sham, ze’ er sham These Hebrew monosyllables, imitating the babbling of a child, mock the prophet’s preaching
ac Order on order, order on order,
Line on line, line on line,
A little here, a little there.’”
11 Indeed, He will speak to this people
Through ad stammering lips and a foreign tongue,
12 He who said to them, “Here is ae rest, give rest to the weary,”
And, “Here is repose,” but they would not listen.
13 So the word of the  Lord to them will be,
V 10, note 1 The  Lord responds to their scoffing by imitating their mockery, to represent the unintelligible language of a conqueror
Order on order, order on order,
Line on line, line on line,
A little here, a little there,”
That they may go and ag stumble backward, be broken, snared and taken captive.

Judah Is Warned

14  Therefore, ah hear the word of the  Lord, O ai scoffers,
Who rule this people who are in Jerusalem,
15 Because you have said, “We have made a aj covenant with death,
And with
I.e. the nether world
Sheol we have made a
So some ancient versions; Heb seer
am The overwhelming
Or flood
scourge will not reach us when it passes by,
For we have made ao falsehood our refuge and we have ap concealed ourselves with deception.”

16 Therefore thus says the Lord
Heb YHWH, usually rendered  Lord
 God, ar Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone, a tested as stone,
A costly cornerstone for the foundation
Lit well-laid
firmly placed.
He who believes in it will not be
Lit in a hurry
17 I will make av justice the measuring line
And righteousness the level;
Then aw hail will sweep away the refuge of lies
And the waters will overflow the secret place.
18 “Your ax covenant with death will be
Lit covered over
az canceled,
And your pact with Sheol will not stand;
When the ba overwhelming scourge passes through,
Then you become its bb trampling place.
19 “As bc often as it passes through, it will
Lit take
seize you;
For be morning after morning it will pass through, anytime during the day or night,
And it will be
Lit only
sheer bg terror to understand
Lit the report, or, the message
what it means.”
20 The bed is too short on which to stretch out,
And the bi blanket is too
Lit narrow
small to wrap oneself in.
21 For the  Lord will rise up as at Mount bk Perazim,
He will be stirred up as in the valley of bl Gibeon,
To do His bm task, His
Lit task is strange
bo unusual task,
And to work His work, His
Lit work is alien
extraordinary work.
22 And now do not carry on as bq scoffers,
Or your fetters will be made stronger;
For I have heard from the Lord
Heb YHWH, usually rendered  Lord
 God of hosts
Of decisive bs destruction on all the earth.

23 Give ear and hear my voice,
Listen and hear my words.
24 Does the
Lit plowman
farmer plow
Lit all day
continually to plant seed?
Does he continually
Lit open
turn and harrow the ground?
25 Does he not level its surface
And sow dill and scatter bw cummin
Lit put
plant by wheat in rows,
Barley in its place and rye within its
Lit region
26 For his God instructs and teaches him properly.
27 For dill is not threshed with a ca threshing sledge,
Nor is the cartwheel
Lit rolled
driven over cummin;
But dill is beaten out with a rod, and cummin with a club.
28  Grain for bread is crushed,
Indeed, he does not continue to thresh it forever.
Because the wheel of his cart and his horses eventually
Lit discomfit
damage it,
He does not thresh it longer.
29 This also comes from the  Lord of hosts,
Who has made His counsel cd wonderful and His wisdom ce great.

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