James 3

The Tongue Is a Fire

1 a  Let not many of you become teachers b  my brethren, knowing that as such we will incur a
Or greater condemnation
stricter judgment.
2For we all d  stumble in many ways. e  If anyone does not stumble in
Lit word
what he says, he is a g  perfect man, able to h  bridle the whole body as well.
3Now i  if we put the bits into the horses’ mouths so that they will obey us, we direct their entire body as well. 4Look at the ships also, though they are so great and are driven by strong winds, are still directed by a very small rudder wherever the inclination of the pilot desires. 5So also the tongue is a small part of the body, and yet it j  boasts of great things.

k  See how great a forest is set aflame by such a small fire!
6And l  the tongue is a fire, the very world of iniquity; the tongue is set among our members as that which m  defiles the entire body, and sets on fire the course of our
Or existence, origin
life, and is set on fire by
Gr Gehenna
p  hell.
7For every
Lit nature
species of beasts and birds, of reptiles and creatures of the sea, is tamed and has been tamed by the human
Lit nature
8But no one can tame the tongue; it is a restless evil and full of s  deadly poison. 9With it we bless t  our Lord and Father, and with it we curse men u  who have been made in the likeness of God; 10from the same mouth come both blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not to be this way. 11Does a fountain send out from the same opening both
Lit sweet
fresh and bitter water?
12 w  Can a fig tree, my brethren, produce olives, or a vine produce figs? Nor can salt water produce
V 11, note 1

Wisdom from Above

13Who among you is wise and understanding? y  Let him show by his z  good behavior his deeds in the gentleness of wisdom. 14But if you have bitter aa  jealousy and
Or strife
selfish ambition in your heart, do not be arrogant and so lie against ac  the truth.
15This wisdom is not that which comes down ad  from above, but is ae  earthly
Or unspiritual
ag  natural ah  demonic.
16For where ai  jealousy and
V 14, note 1
selfish ambition exist,
I.e. in that place
there is disorder and every evil thing.
17But the wisdom al  from above is first am  pure, then an  peaceable ao  gentle
Or willing to yield
reasonable aq  full of mercy and good fruits ar  unwavering, without as  hypocrisy.
18And the
Lit fruit of righteousness
au  seed whose fruit is righteousness is sown in peace
Or for
by those who make peace.
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