Defeat of Pharaoh Foretold1 That which came as the word of the Lord to Jeremiah the prophet a concerning the nations. 2 To b Egypt, concerning the army of c Pharaoh Neco king of Egypt, which was by the Euphrates River at d Carchemish, which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon defeated in the e fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah: 3 f “Line up the shield and ▼
▼ I.e. small shieldbuckler,
And draw near for the battle!
4 “Harness the horses,
▼ Or go up, you horsemenmount the steeds,
And take your stand with helmets on!
i Polish the spears,
Put on the j scale-armor!
5 “Why have I seen it?
They are terrified,
They are k drawing back,
And their l mighty men are defeated
And have taken refuge in flight,
Without facing back;
▼ Heb Magor-missabib; i.e. Terror is on every side, n Terror is on every side!”
Declares the Lord.
6 Let not the o swift man flee,
Nor the mighty man escape;
In the north beside the river Euphrates
They have p stumbled and fallen.
7 Who is this that q rises like the Nile,
Like the rivers whose waters surge about?
8 Egypt rises like the Nile,
Even like the rivers whose waters surge about;
And He has said, “I will r rise and cover that land;
I will surely s destroy the city and its inhabitants.”
9 Go up, you horses, and ▼
▼ Lit act like madmen, u drive madly, you chariots,
That the mighty men may ▼
▼ Lit go forthmarch forward:
Ethiopia and ▼
▼ I.e. Libya (or Somaliland), x Put, that handle the shield,
And the ▼
▼ Heb Ludim, z Lydians, that handle and bend the bow.
10 For aa that day belongs to the Lord ▼
▼ Heb YHWH, usually rendered LordGod of hosts,
A day of ac vengeance, so as to avenge Himself on His foes;
And the ad sword will devour and be satiated
▼ Lit be saturated withdrink its fill of their blood;
For there will be a af slaughter for the Lord ▼
▼ Heb YHWH, usually rendered LordGod of hosts,
In the land of the north by the river Euphrates.
11 Go ah up to Gilead and obtain balm,
ai O virgin daughter of Egypt!
In vain have you multiplied ▼
▼ Lit healingsremedies;
There is ak no healing for you.
12 The nations have heard of your al shame,
And the earth is full of your am cry of distress;
For one an warrior has stumbled over ▼
▼ Lit warrioranother,
And both of them have fallen down together.
13 This is the ▼
▼ Lit wordmessage which the Lord spoke to Jeremiah the prophet about the aq coming of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon to ar smite the land of Egypt: 14 “Declare in Egypt and proclaim in as Migdol,
Proclaim also in Memphis and at Tahpanhes;
Say, ‘Take your stand and get yourself ready,
For the au sword has devoured those around you.’
15 “Why have your av mighty ones become prostrate?
They do not stand because the Lord has aw thrust them down.
16 “They have repeatedly ax stumbled;
Indeed, they have fallen one against another.
Then they said, ‘Get up! And ay let us go back
To our own people and our native land
Away from the ▼
▼ Lit oppressing sword, ba sword of the oppressor.’
▼ Some ancient versions read Call the name of Pharaoh a big noise“They cried there, ‘Pharaoh king of Egypt is but bc a big noise;
He has let the appointed time pass by!’
18 “As I live,” declares the bd King
Whose name is the Lord of hosts,
“Surely one shall come who looms up like be Tabor among the mountains,
Or like bf Carmel by the sea.
19 “Make your baggage ready for bg exile,
O bh daughter dwelling in Egypt,
For bi Memphis will become a desolation;
It will even be burned down and ▼
▼ Lit withoutbereft of inhabitants.
20 “Egypt is a pretty bk heifer,
But a ▼
▼ Or possibly mosquitohorsefly is coming bm from the north— it is coming!
21 “Also her bn mercenaries in her midst
Are like ▼
▼ Lit of the stallfattened bp calves,
For even they too have turned back and have fled away together;
They did not stand their ground.
For the day of their calamity has come upon them,
The time of their bq punishment.
22 “Its sound moves along like a serpent;
For they move on ▼
▼ Or in forcelike an army
And come to her as woodcutters with axes.
23 “They have cut down her bs forest,” declares the Lord;
“Surely it will no more be found,
Even though ▼
▼ I.e. trees of the forest, the Egyptiansthey are now more numerous than bu locusts
And are without number.
24 “The daughter of Egypt has been put to shame,
Given over to the ▼
▼ Lit handpower of the bw people of the north.”
25 The Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, says, “Behold, I am going to punish Amon of bx Thebes, and by Pharaoh, and Egypt along with her bz gods and her kings, even Pharaoh and those who ca trust in him. 26 “I shall give them over to the ▼
▼ Lit handpower of those who are cc seeking their lives, even into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and into the hand of his ▼
▼ Lit servantsofficers. ce Afterwards, however, it will be inhabited as in the days of old,” declares the Lord. 27 “But as for you, O Jacob My servant cf do not fear,
Nor be dismayed, O Israel!
For, see, I am going to cg save you from afar,
And your descendants from the land of their captivity;
And Jacob will return and be ch undisturbed
And secure, with no one making him tremble.
28 “O Jacob My servant, do not fear,” declares the Lord,
“For ci I am with you.
For I will make a full end of all the nations
Where I have driven you,
Yet I will cj not make a full end of you;
But I will ck correct you properly
And by no means leave you unpunished.”
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