Prophecy against Babylon1 The word which the Lord spoke concerning a Babylon, the land of the Chaldeans, through Jeremiah the prophet: 2 b “Declare and proclaim among the nations.
Proclaim it and c lift up a standard.
Do not conceal it but say,
‘ d Babylon has been captured,
e Bel has been put to shame ▼
▼ Heb MerodachMarduk has been ▼
▼ Or dismayedshattered;
Her h images have been put to shame, her idols have been shattered.’
3 “For a nation has come up against her out of the i north; it will make her land j an object of horror, and there will be k no inhabitant in it. Both man and beast have wandered off, they have gone away! 4 “In those days and at that time,” declares the Lord, “the sons of Israel will come, both they and the sons of Judah l as well; they will go along m weeping as they go, and it will be n the Lord their God they will seek. 5 “They will o ask for the way to Zion, turning their faces ▼
▼ Lit hitherin its direction; ▼
▼ M.T. reads come ye!they ▼
▼ Or will have comewill come that they may join themselves to the Lord in an s everlasting covenant that will not be forgotten. 6 “My people have become t lost sheep;
u Their shepherds have led them astray.
They have made them turn aside on the v mountains;
They have gone along from mountain to hill
And have forgotten their w resting place.
7 “All who came upon them have devoured them;
And their adversaries have said, ‘ x We are not guilty,
Inasmuch as they have sinned against the Lord who is the y habitation of righteousness,
Even the Lord, the z hope of their fathers.’
8 “Wander away from the aa midst of Babylon
▼ Another reading is let them go forthgo forth from the land of the Chaldeans;
Be also like male goats ▼
▼ Or in front ofat the head of the flock.
9 “For behold, I am going to ad arouse and bring up against Babylon
A horde of great nations from the land of the north,
And they will draw up their battle lines against her;
From there she will be taken captive.
Their arrows will be like ▼
▼ So some mss and versions; M.T. reads a warrior who makes childlessan expert warrior
Who does not return empty-handed.
▼ Or the Chaldeans, ag “Chaldea will become plunder;
All who plunder her will have enough,” declares the Lord.
11 “Because you are glad, because you are jubilant,
O you who ah pillage My heritage,
Because you skip about ▼
▼ Another reading is in the grasslike a threshing aj heifer
And neigh like ▼
▼ Lit mighty onesstallions,
12 Your al mother ▼
▼ Or has becomewill be greatly ashamed,
She who gave you birth ▼
▼ Or has becomewill be humiliated.
Behold, she will be the least of the nations,
A ao wilderness, a parched land and a desert.
13 “Because of the indignation of the Lord she will ap not be inhabited,
But she will be aq completely desolate;
Everyone who passes by Babylon ar will be horrified
And will hiss because of all her wounds.
14 “Draw up your battle lines against Babylon on every side,
All you who ▼
▼ Lit tread (in order to string)bend the bow;
Shoot at her, do not be sparing with your arrows,
For she has at sinned against the Lord.
15 “Raise your battle cry against her on every side!
She has au given ▼
▼ Lit her handherself up, her pillars have fallen,
Her aw walls have been torn down.
For this is the ax vengeance of the Lord:
Take vengeance on her;
ay As she has done to others, so do to her.
16 “Cut off the az sower from Babylon
And the one who wields the sickle at the time of harvest;
From before ▼
▼ Or the oppressing swordthe bb sword of the oppressor
bc They will each turn back to his own people
And they will each flee to his own land.
17 “Israel is a bd scattered ▼
▼ Lit sheepflock, the bf lions have driven them away. The first one who devoured him was the bg king of Assyria, and this last one who has broken his bones is bh Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon. 18 “Therefore thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: ‘Behold, I am going to punish the king of Babylon and his land, just as I bi punished the king of Assyria. 19 ‘And I will bj bring Israel back to his pasture and he will graze on Carmel and Bashan, and his ▼
▼ Lit souldesire will be satisfied in the bl hill country of Ephraim and Gilead. 20 ‘In those days and at that time,’ declares the Lord, ‘search will be made for the iniquity of Israel, but bm there will be none; and for the sins of Judah, but they will not be found; for I will pardon those bn whom I leave as a remnant.’ 21 “Against the land of ▼
▼ Or Double RebellionMerathaim, go up against it,
And against the inhabitants of ▼
▼ Or Punishment, bq Pekod.
Slay and ▼
▼ Lit put under the banutterly destroy them,” declares the Lord,
“And do according to all that I have commanded you.
22 “The bs noise of battle is in the land,
And great destruction.
23 “How the bt hammer of the whole earth
Has been cut off and broken!
How Babylon has become
An object of horror among the nations!
24 “I bu set a snare for you and you were also bv caught, O Babylon,
While you yourself were not aware;
You have been found and also seized
Because you have engaged in bw conflict with the Lord.”
25 The Lord has opened His armory
And has brought forth the bx weapons of His indignation,
For it is a by work of the Lord ▼
▼ Heb YHWH, usually rendered LordGod of hosts
In the land of the Chaldeans.
26 Come to her from the ▼
▼ Lit endfarthest border;
cb Open up her barns,
Pile her up like heaps
▼ Lit put under the ban, cd utterly destroy her,
Let nothing be left to her.
27 ce Put all her young bulls to the sword;
Let them cf go down to the slaughter!
Woe be upon them, for their cg day has come,
The time of their punishment.
28 There is a ch sound of fugitives and refugees from the land of Babylon,
To declare in Zion the ci vengeance of the Lord our God,
Vengeance for His cj temple.
29 “Summon ▼
▼ Another reading is archersmany against Babylon,
All those who ▼
▼ Lit tread (in order to string)bend the bow:
Encamp against her on every side,
Let there be no escape ▼
▼ Some mss add to her.
Repay her according to her work;
cn According to all that she has done, so do to her;
For she has become co arrogant against the Lord,
Against the Holy One of Israel.
30 “Therefore her cp young men will fall in her streets,
And all her men of war will be ▼
▼ Or made lifeless or destroyed, cr silenced in that day,” declares the Lord.
31 “Behold cs I am against you, O ▼
▼ Lit arrogancearrogant one,”
Declares the Lord ▼
▼ Heb YHWH, usually rendered LordGod of hosts,
“For your day has come,
The time ▼
▼ Another reading is of your punishmentwhen I will punish you.
32 “The ▼
▼ Lit arrogance, cx arrogant one will stumble and fall
With no one to raise him up;
And I will cy set fire to his cities
And it will devour all his environs.”
33 Thus says the Lord of hosts,
“The sons of Israel are oppressed,
And the sons of Judah as well;
And cz all who took them captive have held them fast,
They have refused to let them go.
34 “Their da Redeemer is strong db the Lord of hosts is His name;
He will vigorously dc plead their case
So that He may dd bring rest to ▼
▼ Or their landthe earth,
But turmoil to the inhabitants of Babylon.
35 “A df sword against the Chaldeans,” declares the Lord,
“And against the inhabitants of Babylon
And against her dg officials and her dh wise men!
36 “A sword against the di oracle priests, and they will become fools!
A sword against her dj mighty men, and they will be ▼
▼ Or dismayed, dl shattered!
37 “A sword against ▼
▼ Lit histheir dn horses and against ▼
▼ Lit histheir chariots
And against all the ▼
▼ Lit mixed multitude, dq foreigners who are in the midst of her,
And they will become dr women!
A sword against her treasures, and they will be plundered!
38 “A ▼
▼ Another reading is sword, dt drought on her waters, and they will be dried up!
For it is a land of du idols,
And they are mad over fearsome idols.
39 “Therefore the dv desert creatures will live there along with the jackals;
The ostriches also will live in it,
And it will dw never again be inhabited
Or dwelt in from generation to generation.
40 “As when God overthrew dx Sodom
And Gomorrah with its neighbors,” declares the Lord,
“No man will live there,
Nor will any son of man reside in it.
41 “Behold, a people is coming dy from the north,
And a great nation and many kings
Will be aroused from the remote parts of the earth.
42 “They dz seize their bow and javelin;
They are ea cruel and have no mercy.
Their eb voice roars like the sea;
And they ride on ec horses,
ed Marshalled like a man for the battle
Against you, O daughter of Babylon.
43 “The ee king of Babylon has heard the report about them,
And his hands hang limp;
ef Distress has gripped him,
Agony like a woman in childbirth.
44 eg “Behold, one will come up like a lion from the ▼
▼ Lit pridethicket of the Jordan to ▼
▼ Or an enduring habitationa perennially watered pasture; for in an instant I will make them run away from it, and whoever is ej chosen I will appoint over it. For who is ek like Me, and who will summon Me into court? And who then is the shepherd who can el stand before Me?” 45 Therefore hear the em plan of the Lord which He has planned against Babylon, and His purposes which He has purposed against the land of the Chaldeans: en surely they will drag them off, even the little ones of the flock; surely He will make their ▼
▼ Or habitationpasture desolate because of them. 46 At the ▼
▼ Lit voiceshout, “Babylon has been seized!” the eq earth is shaken, and an er outcry is heard among the nations.
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