Jeremiah 51

Babylon Judged for Sins against Israel

1Thus says the  Lord: Behold, I am going to arouse against Babylon
And against the inhabitants of
Cryptic name for Chaldea; or the heart of those who rise up against Me
Or a destroying wind
The c  spirit of a destroyer.
2I will dispatch
Some versions read winnowers
foreigners to Babylon that they may e  winnow her
And may devastate her land;
For on every side they will be opposed to her
In the day of her calamity.
M.T. reads Against him who
“Let not
I.e. the Chaldean defender
him who
Lit tread(s) (in order to string)
i  bends his bow
Lit tread(s) (in order to string)
bend it,
M.T. reads Against him who
Nor let him rise up in his l  scale-armor;
So do not spare her young men;
Devote all her army to destruction.
4They will fall down
Or wounded
slain in the land of the Chaldeans,
And n  pierced through in their streets.”

5For o  neither Israel nor Judah has been
Lit widowed
By his God, the  Lord of hosts,
Although their land is q  full of guilt
Lit From
Before the Holy One of Israel.
6 s  Flee from the midst of Babylon,
And each of you save his life!
Do not be
Or silenced or made lifeless
u  destroyed in her
Or penalty for iniquity
For this is the w   Lord’s time of vengeance;
He is going to x  render recompense to her.
7Babylon has been a golden y  cup in the hand of the  Lord,
Intoxicating all the earth.
The z  nations have drunk of her wine;
Therefore the nations are aa  going mad.
8Suddenly ab  Babylon has fallen and been broken;
ac  Wail over her!
ad  Bring
Or balsam resin
balm for her pain;
Perhaps she may be healed.
9We applied healing to Babylon, but she was not healed;
Forsake her and af  let us each go to his own country,
For her judgment has ag  reached to heaven
Lit is lifted
towers up to the very skies.
10The  Lord has ai  brought
Lit forth
about our vindication;
Come and let us ak  recount in Zion
The work of the  Lord our God!

11 al  Sharpen the arrows, fill the quivers!
The  Lord has aroused the spirit of the kings of the Medes,
Because His purpose is against Babylon to destroy it;
For it is the am  vengeance of the  Lord, vengeance for His temple.
12 an  Lift up a
Or standard
signal against the walls of Babylon;
Post a strong guard,
Or watchmen
Place men in ambush!
For the  Lord has both aq  purposed and performed
What He spoke concerning the inhabitants of Babylon.
13O you who ar  dwell by many waters,
Abundant in as  treasures,
Your end has come,
Lit cubit
measure of your
Lit being cut off
av  end.
14The aw   Lord of hosts has sworn by Himself:
Surely I will fill you with a
Or mankind
population like ay  locusts,
And they will cry out with
I.e. like the song of grape treaders
shouts of victory over you.”

15 It is ba  He who made the earth by His power,
Who established the world by His wisdom,
And by His understanding He bb  stretched out the heavens.
16When He utters His bc  voice, there is a tumult of waters in the heavens,
And He causes the bd  clouds to ascend from the end of the earth;
He makes lightning for the rain
And brings forth the be  wind from His storehouses.
17 bf  All mankind is stupid, devoid of knowledge;
Every goldsmith is put to shame by his
Or graven images
For his molten images are bh  deceitful,
And there is no breath in them.
18They are bi  worthless, a work of mockery;
In the time of their punishment they will perish.
19The bj  portion of Jacob is not like these;
For the
Lit Fashioner
Maker of all is He,
And of the
Or Scepter; cf Num 24:17
tribe of His inheritance;
The bm   Lord of hosts is His name.
20 He says, “You are My
Lit shatterer
bo  war-club, My weapon of war;
And with you I bp  shatter nations,
And with you I destroy kingdoms.
21“With you I bq  shatter the horse and his rider,
And with you I shatter the br  chariot and its rider,
22And with you I shatter bs  man and woman,
And with you I shatter old man and bt  youth,
And with you I shatter young man and virgin,
23And with you I shatter the shepherd and his flock,
And with you I shatter the farmer and his team,
And with you I shatter governors and prefects.

24But I will repay Babylon and all the inhabitants of bu  Chaldea for bv  all their evil that they have done in Zion before your eyes,” declares the  Lord. 25Behold bw  I am against you, bx  O destroying mountain,
Who destroys the whole earth,” declares the  Lord,
And I will stretch out My hand against you,
And roll you down from the crags,
And I will make you a by  burnt out mountain.
26They will not take from you even a stone for a corner
Nor a stone for foundations,
But you will be bz  desolate forever,” declares the  Lord.

27 ca  Lift up a
Or standard
signal in the land,
Blow a trumpet among the nations!
Consecrate the nations against her,
Summon against her the cc  kingdoms of cd  Ararat, Minni and ce  Ashkenaz;
Appoint a marshal against her,
Bring up the cf  horses like bristly locusts.
28Consecrate the nations against her,
The kings of the Medes,
Lit Her
Their governors and all
Lit Her
I.e. lieutenant governors
And every land of
Lit his
their dominion.
29So the ck  land quakes and writhes,
For the purposes of the  Lord against Babylon stand,
To make the land of Babylon
Or An object of horror
A cm  desolation without inhabitants.
30The cn  mighty men of Babylon have ceased fighting,
They stay in the strongholds;
co  Their strength is
Lit dried up
They are becoming cq  like women;
Their dwelling places are set on fire,
The cr  bars of her gates are broken.
Lit runner
ct  courier runs to meet
Lit runner
And one
Lit announcer
cw  messenger to meet
Lit announcer
To tell the king of Babylon
That his city has been captured from end to end;
32The fords also have been seized,
And they have burned the marshes with fire,
And the men of war are terrified.

33For thus says the  Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: The daughter of Babylon is like a cy  threshing floor
At the time
Lit of treading it
it is stamped firm;
Yet in a little while the time of da  harvest will come for her.”

34Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has db  devoured me and crushed me,
He has set me down like an dc  empty vessel;
He has dd  swallowed me like a monster,
He has filled his stomach with my delicacies;
He has washed me away.
35“May the de  violence done to me and to my flesh be upon Babylon,”
Lit inhabitress
inhabitant of Zion will say;
And, “May my blood be upon the inhabitants of Chaldea,”
Jerusalem will say.

36Therefore thus says the  Lord, Behold, I am going to dg  plead your case
And dh  exact full vengeance for you;
And di  I will dry up her
Or broad river
And make her fountain dry.
37 dk  Babylon will become a heap of ruins, a haunt of jackals,
An dl  object of horror and hissing, without inhabitants.
38They will roar together like dm  young lions,
They will growl like lions’ cubs.
39When they become heated up, I will serve them their banquet
And dn  make them drunk, that they may become jubilant
And may do  sleep a perpetual sleep
And not wake up,” declares the  Lord.
40I will bring them down like
Or young rams
lambs dq  to the slaughter,
Like rams together with male goats.

Cryptic name for Babylon
ds  Sheshak has been captured,
And dt  the praise of the whole earth been seized!
How Babylon has become an object of horror among the nations!
Or broad river
dv  sea has come up over Babylon;
She has been engulfed with its tumultuous waves.
43Her cities have become an dw  object of horror,
A parched land and a desert,
A land in which dx  no man lives
And through which no son of man passes.
44 dy  I will punish Bel in Babylon,
And I will make what he has swallowed dz  come out of his mouth;
And the nations will no longer ea  stream to him.
Even the eb  wall of Babylon has fallen down!

45 ec  Come forth from her midst, My people,
And each of you ed  save yourselves
From the fierce anger of the  Lord.
46“Now ee  so that your heart does not grow faint,
And you are not afraid at the ef  report that will be heard in the land
For the report will come
Lit in the
one year,
And after that
Lit the
another report in
Lit the
another year,
And violence will be in the land
With ej  ruler against ruler
47Therefore behold, days are coming
When I will punish the ek  idols of Babylon;
And her whole land will be el  put to shame
And all her slain will fall in her midst.
48“Then em  heaven and earth and all that is in them
Will shout for joy over Babylon,
For en  the destroyers will come to her from the north,”
Declares the  Lord.

49 eo  Indeed Babylon is to fall for the slain of Israel,
As also for Babylon ep  the slain of all the earth have fallen.
50You eq  who have escaped the sword,
Depart! Do not stay!
er  Remember the  Lord from afar,
And let Jerusalem
Lit come upon your heart
come to your mind.
51 et  We are ashamed because we have heard reproach;
Disgrace has covered our faces,
For eu  aliens have entered
The holy places of the  Lord’s house.

52Therefore behold, the days are coming,” declares the  Lord,
When I will punish her ev  idols,
And the mortally wounded will groan throughout her land.
53Though Babylon should ew  ascend to the heavens,
And though she should fortify
Lit the height of her strength
her lofty stronghold,
From ey  Me destroyers will come to her,” declares the  Lord.

54The ez  sound of an outcry from Babylon,
And of great destruction from the land of the Chaldeans!
55For the  Lord is going to destroy Babylon,
And He will make her loud
Or voice
noise vanish from her.
And their fb  waves will roar like many waters;
The tumult of their voices
Lit is given
sounds forth.
56For the fd  destroyer is coming against her, against Babylon,
And her mighty men will be captured,
Their fe  bows are shattered;
For the  Lord is a God of ff  recompense,
He will fully repay.
57“I will fg  make her princes and her wise men drunk,
Her governors, her prefects and her mighty men,
That they may sleep a fh  perpetual sleep and not wake up,”
fi  Declares the King, whose name is the  Lord of hosts.

58Thus says the  Lord of hosts, The broad fj  wall of Babylon will be completely razed
And her high fk  gates will be set on fire;
So the peoples will fl  toil for nothing,
And the nations become fm  exhausted only for fire.”

Lit word
message which Jeremiah the prophet commanded Seraiah the son of fo  Neriah, the grandson of Mahseiah, when he went with fp  Zedekiah the king of Judah to Babylon in the fourth year of his reign. (Now Seraiah was quartermaster.)
60So Jeremiah fq  wrote in a single
Or book
scroll all the calamity which would come upon Babylon, that is, all these words which have been written concerning Babylon.
61Then Jeremiah said to Seraiah, “As soon as you come to Babylon, then see that you read all these words aloud, 62and say, ‘You, O  Lord, have
Lit spoken
promised concerning this place to ft  cut it off, so that there will be fu  nothing dwelling in it,
Lit from man even to beast
whether man or beast, but it will be a perpetual desolation.’
63And as soon as you finish reading this
Or book
scroll, you will tie a stone to it and fx  throw it into the middle of the Euphrates,
64and say, ‘Just so shall Babylon sink down and fy  not rise again because of the calamity that I am going to bring upon her; and they will become fz  exhausted.’” ga  Thus far are the words of Jeremiah.
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