Jeremiah 51

Babylon Judged for Sins against Israel

Thus says the  Lord: Behold, I am going to arouse against Babylon
And against the inhabitants of
Cryptic name for Chaldea; or the heart of those who rise up against Me
Or a destroying wind
The c spirit of a destroyer.
I will dispatch
Some versions read winnowers
foreigners to Babylon that they may e winnow her
And may devastate her land;
For on every side they will be opposed to her
In the day of her calamity.
M.T. reads Against him who
“Let not
I.e. the Chaldean defender
him who
Lit tread(s) (in order to string)
i bends his bow
Lit tread(s) (in order to string)
bend it,
M.T. reads Against him who
Nor let him rise up in his l scale-armor;
So do not spare her young men;
Devote all her army to destruction.
They will fall down
Or wounded
slain in the land of the Chaldeans,
And n pierced through in their streets.”

For o neither Israel nor Judah has been
Lit widowed
By his God, the  Lord of hosts,
Although their land is q full of guilt
Lit From
Before the Holy One of Israel.
s Flee from the midst of Babylon,
And each of you save his life!
Do not be
Or silenced or made lifeless
u destroyed in her
Or penalty for iniquity
For this is the w  Lord’s time of vengeance;
He is going to x render recompense to her.
Babylon has been a golden y cup in the hand of the  Lord,
Intoxicating all the earth.
The z nations have drunk of her wine;
Therefore the nations are aa going mad.
Suddenly ab Babylon has fallen and been broken;
ac Wail over her!
ad Bring
Or balsam resin
balm for her pain;
Perhaps she may be healed.
We applied healing to Babylon, but she was not healed;
Forsake her and af let us each go to his own country,
For her judgment has ag reached to heaven
Lit is lifted
towers up to the very skies.
10 The  Lord has ai brought
Lit forth
about our vindication;
Come and let us ak recount in Zion
The work of the  Lord our God!

11  al Sharpen the arrows, fill the quivers!
The  Lord has aroused the spirit of the kings of the Medes,
Because His purpose is against Babylon to destroy it;
For it is the am vengeance of the  Lord, vengeance for His temple.
12  an Lift up a
Or standard
signal against the walls of Babylon;
Post a strong guard,
Or watchmen
Place men in ambush!
For the  Lord has both aq purposed and performed
What He spoke concerning the inhabitants of Babylon.
13 O you who ar dwell by many waters,
Abundant in as treasures,
Your end has come,
Lit cubit
measure of your
Lit being cut off
av end.
14 The aw  Lord of hosts has sworn by Himself:
Surely I will fill you with a
Or mankind
population like ay locusts,
And they will cry out with
I.e. like the song of grape treaders
shouts of victory over you.”

15  It is ba He who made the earth by His power,
Who established the world by His wisdom,
And by His understanding He bb stretched out the heavens.
16 When He utters His bc voice, there is a tumult of waters in the heavens,
And He causes the bd clouds to ascend from the end of the earth;
He makes lightning for the rain
And brings forth the be wind from His storehouses.
17  bf All mankind is stupid, devoid of knowledge;
Every goldsmith is put to shame by his
Or graven images
For his molten images are bh deceitful,
And there is no breath in them.
18 They are bi worthless, a work of mockery;
In the time of their punishment they will perish.
19 The bj portion of Jacob is not like these;
For the
Lit Fashioner
Maker of all is He,
And of the
Or Scepter; cf Num 24:17
tribe of His inheritance;
The bm  Lord of hosts is His name.
20  He says, “You are My
Lit shatterer
bo war-club, My weapon of war;
And with you I bp shatter nations,
And with you I destroy kingdoms.
21 “With you I bq shatter the horse and his rider,
And with you I shatter the br chariot and its rider,
22 And with you I shatter bs man and woman,
And with you I shatter old man and bt youth,
And with you I shatter young man and virgin,
23 And with you I shatter the shepherd and his flock,
And with you I shatter the farmer and his team,
And with you I shatter governors and prefects.

24 But I will repay Babylon and all the inhabitants of bu Chaldea for bv all their evil that they have done in Zion before your eyes,” declares the  Lord. 25 Behold bw I am against you, bx O destroying mountain,
Who destroys the whole earth,” declares the  Lord,
And I will stretch out My hand against you,
And roll you down from the crags,
And I will make you a by burnt out mountain.
26 They will not take from you even a stone for a corner
Nor a stone for foundations,
But you will be bz desolate forever,” declares the  Lord.

27  ca Lift up a
Or standard
signal in the land,
Blow a trumpet among the nations!
Consecrate the nations against her,
Summon against her the cc kingdoms of cd Ararat, Minni and ce Ashkenaz;
Appoint a marshal against her,
Bring up the cf horses like bristly locusts.
28 Consecrate the nations against her,
The kings of the Medes,
Lit Her
Their governors and all
Lit Her
I.e. lieutenant governors
And every land of
Lit his
their dominion.
29 So the ck land quakes and writhes,
For the purposes of the  Lord against Babylon stand,
To make the land of Babylon
Or An object of horror
A cm desolation without inhabitants.
30 The cn mighty men of Babylon have ceased fighting,
They stay in the strongholds;
co Their strength is
Lit dried up
They are becoming cq  like women;
Their dwelling places are set on fire,
The cr bars of her gates are broken.
31 One
Lit runner
ct courier runs to meet
Lit runner
And one
Lit announcer
cw messenger to meet
Lit announcer
To tell the king of Babylon
That his city has been captured from end to end;
32 The fords also have been seized,
And they have burned the marshes with fire,
And the men of war are terrified.

33 For thus says the  Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: The daughter of Babylon is like a cy threshing floor
At the time
Lit of treading it
it is stamped firm;
Yet in a little while the time of da harvest will come for her.”

34 Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has db devoured me and crushed me,
He has set me down like an dc empty vessel;
He has dd swallowed me like a monster,
He has filled his stomach with my delicacies;
He has washed me away.
35 “May the de violence done to me and to my flesh be upon Babylon,”
Lit inhabitress
inhabitant of Zion will say;
And, “May my blood be upon the inhabitants of Chaldea,”
Jerusalem will say.

36 Therefore thus says the  Lord, Behold, I am going to dg plead your case
And dh exact full vengeance for you;
And di I will dry up her
Or broad river
And make her fountain dry.
37  dk Babylon will become a heap of ruins, a haunt of jackals,
An dl object of horror and hissing, without inhabitants.
38 They will roar together like dm young lions,
They will growl like lions’ cubs.
39 When they become heated up, I will serve them their banquet
And dn make them drunk, that they may become jubilant
And may do sleep a perpetual sleep
And not wake up,” declares the  Lord.
40 I will bring them down like
Or young rams
lambs dq to the slaughter,
Like rams together with male goats.

41 How
Cryptic name for Babylon
ds Sheshak has been captured,
And dt the praise of the whole earth been seized!
How Babylon has become an object of horror among the nations!
42 “The
Or broad river
dv sea has come up over Babylon;
She has been engulfed with its tumultuous waves.
43 Her cities have become an dw object of horror,
A parched land and a desert,
A land in which dx no man lives
And through which no son of man passes.
44  dy I will punish Bel in Babylon,
And I will make what he has swallowed dz come out of his mouth;
And the nations will no longer ea stream to him.
Even the eb wall of Babylon has fallen down!

45  ec Come forth from her midst, My people,
And each of you ed save yourselves
From the fierce anger of the  Lord.
46 “Now ee so that your heart does not grow faint,
And you are not afraid at the ef report that will be heard in the land
For the report will come
Lit in the
one year,
And after that
Lit the
another report in
Lit the
another year,
And violence will be in the land
With ej ruler against ruler
47 Therefore behold, days are coming
When I will punish the ek idols of Babylon;
And her whole land will be el put to shame
And all her slain will fall in her midst.
48 “Then em heaven and earth and all that is in them
Will shout for joy over Babylon,
For en the destroyers will come to her from the north,”
Declares the  Lord.

49  eo Indeed Babylon is to fall for the slain of Israel,
As also for Babylon ep the slain of all the earth have fallen.
50 You eq who have escaped the sword,
Depart! Do not stay!
er Remember the  Lord from afar,
And let Jerusalem
Lit come upon your heart
come to your mind.
51  et We are ashamed because we have heard reproach;
Disgrace has covered our faces,
For eu aliens have entered
The holy places of the  Lord’s house.

52 Therefore behold, the days are coming,” declares the  Lord,
When I will punish her ev idols,
And the mortally wounded will groan throughout her land.
53 Though Babylon should ew ascend to the heavens,
And though she should fortify
Lit the height of her strength
her lofty stronghold,
From ey Me destroyers will come to her,” declares the  Lord.

54 The ez sound of an outcry from Babylon,
And of great destruction from the land of the Chaldeans!
55 For the  Lord is going to destroy Babylon,
And He will make her loud
Or voice
noise vanish from her.
And their fb waves will roar like many waters;
The tumult of their voices
Lit is given
sounds forth.
56 For the fd destroyer is coming against her, against Babylon,
And her mighty men will be captured,
Their fe bows are shattered;
For the  Lord is a God of ff recompense,
He will fully repay.
57 “I will fg make her princes and her wise men drunk,
Her governors, her prefects and her mighty men,
That they may sleep a fh perpetual sleep and not wake up,”
fi Declares the King, whose name is the  Lord of hosts.

58 Thus says the  Lord of hosts, The broad fj wall of Babylon will be completely razed
And her high fk gates will be set on fire;
So the peoples will fl toil for nothing,
And the nations become fm exhausted only for fire.”

59 The
Lit word
message which Jeremiah the prophet commanded Seraiah the son of fo Neriah, the grandson of Mahseiah, when he went with fp Zedekiah the king of Judah to Babylon in the fourth year of his reign. (Now Seraiah was quartermaster.)
60 So Jeremiah fq wrote in a single
Or book
scroll all the calamity which would come upon Babylon, that is, all these words which have been written concerning Babylon.
61 Then Jeremiah said to Seraiah, “As soon as you come to Babylon, then see that you read all these words aloud, 62 and say, ‘You, O  Lord, have
Lit spoken
promised concerning this place to ft cut it off, so that there will be fu nothing dwelling in it,
Lit from man even to beast
whether man or beast, but it will be a perpetual desolation.’
63 And as soon as you finish reading this
Or book
scroll, you will tie a stone to it and fx throw it into the middle of the Euphrates,
64 and say, ‘Just so shall Babylon sink down and fy not rise again because of the calamity that I am going to bring upon her; and they will become fz exhausted.’” ga Thus far are the words of Jeremiah.
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