Babylon Judged for Sins against Israel1Thus says the Lord: “Behold, I am going to arouse against Babylon
And against the inhabitants of ▼
▼ Cryptic name for Chaldea; or the heart of those who rise up against MeLeb-kamai
▼ Or a destroying windThe c spirit of a destroyer.
2“I will dispatch ▼
▼ Some versions read winnowersforeigners to Babylon that they may e winnow her
And may devastate her land;
For on every side they will be opposed to her
In the day of her calamity.
▼ M.T. reads Against him who“Let not ▼
▼ I.e. the Chaldean defenderhim who ▼
▼ Lit tread(s) (in order to string), i bends his bow ▼
▼ Lit tread(s) (in order to string)bend it,
▼ M.T. reads Against him whoNor let him rise up in his l scale-armor;
So do not spare her young men;
Devote all her army to destruction.
4“They will fall down ▼
▼ Or woundedslain in the land of the Chaldeans,
And n pierced through in their streets.”
5For o neither Israel nor Judah has been ▼
▼ Lit widowedforsaken
By his God, the Lord of hosts,
Although their land is q full of guilt
▼ Lit FromBefore the Holy One of Israel.
6 s Flee from the midst of Babylon,
And each of you save his life!
Do not be ▼
▼ Or silenced or made lifeless, u destroyed in her ▼
▼ Or penalty for iniquitypunishment,
For this is the w Lord’s time of vengeance;
He is going to x render recompense to her.
7Babylon has been a golden y cup in the hand of the Lord,
Intoxicating all the earth.
The z nations have drunk of her wine;
Therefore the nations are aa going mad.
8Suddenly ab Babylon has fallen and been broken;
ac Wail over her!
ad Bring ▼
▼ Or balsam resinbalm for her pain;
Perhaps she may be healed.
9We applied healing to Babylon, but she was not healed;
Forsake her and af let us each go to his own country,
For her judgment has ag reached to heaven
▼ Lit is liftedtowers up to the very skies.
10The Lord has ai brought ▼
▼ Lit forthabout our vindication;
Come and let us ak recount in Zion
The work of the Lord our God!
11 al Sharpen the arrows, fill the quivers!
The Lord has aroused the spirit of the kings of the Medes,
Because His purpose is against Babylon to destroy it;
For it is the am vengeance of the Lord, vengeance for His temple.
12 an Lift up a ▼
▼ Or standardsignal against the walls of Babylon;
Post a strong guard,
▼ Or watchmensentries,
Place men in ambush!
For the Lord has both aq purposed and performed
What He spoke concerning the inhabitants of Babylon.
13O you who ar dwell by many waters,
Abundant in as treasures,
Your end has come,
▼ Lit cubitmeasure of your ▼
▼ Lit being cut off, av end.
14The aw Lord of hosts has sworn by Himself:
“Surely I will fill you with a ▼
▼ Or mankindpopulation like ay locusts,
And they will cry out with ▼
▼ I.e. like the song of grape treadersshouts of victory over you.”
15 It is ba He who made the earth by His power,
Who established the world by His wisdom,
And by His understanding He bb stretched out the heavens.
16When He utters His bc voice, there is a tumult of waters in the heavens,
And He causes the bd clouds to ascend from the end of the earth;
He makes lightning for the rain
And brings forth the be wind from His storehouses.
17 bf All mankind is stupid, devoid of knowledge;
Every goldsmith is put to shame by his ▼
▼ Or graven imagesidols,
For his molten images are bh deceitful,
And there is no breath in them.
18They are bi worthless, a work of mockery;
In the time of their punishment they will perish.
19The bj portion of Jacob is not like these;
For the ▼
▼ Lit FashionerMaker of all is He,
And of the ▼
▼ Or Scepter; cf Num 24:17tribe of His inheritance;
The bm Lord of hosts is His name.
20 He says, “You are My ▼
▼ Lit shatterer, bo war-club, My weapon of war;
And with you I bp shatter nations,
And with you I destroy kingdoms.
21“With you I bq shatter the horse and his rider,
And with you I shatter the br chariot and its rider,
22And with you I shatter bs man and woman,
And with you I shatter old man and bt youth,
And with you I shatter young man and virgin,
23And with you I shatter the shepherd and his flock,
And with you I shatter the farmer and his team,
And with you I shatter governors and prefects.
24“But I will repay Babylon and all the inhabitants of bu Chaldea for bv all their evil that they have done in Zion before your eyes,” declares the Lord. 25“Behold bw I am against you, bx O destroying mountain,
Who destroys the whole earth,” declares the Lord,
“And I will stretch out My hand against you,
And roll you down from the crags,
And I will make you a by burnt out mountain.
26“They will not take from you even a stone for a corner
Nor a stone for foundations,
But you will be bz desolate forever,” declares the Lord.
27 ca Lift up a ▼
▼ Or standardsignal in the land,
Blow a trumpet among the nations!
Consecrate the nations against her,
Summon against her the cc kingdoms of cd Ararat, Minni and ce Ashkenaz;
Appoint a marshal against her,
Bring up the cf horses like bristly locusts.
28Consecrate the nations against her,
The kings of the Medes,
▼ Lit HerTheir governors and all ▼
▼ Lit Hertheir ▼
▼ I.e. lieutenant governorsprefects,
And every land of ▼
▼ Lit histheir dominion.
29So the ck land quakes and writhes,
For the purposes of the Lord against Babylon stand,
To make the land of Babylon
▼ Or An object of horrorA cm desolation without inhabitants.
30The cn mighty men of Babylon have ceased fighting,
They stay in the strongholds;
co Their strength is ▼
▼ Lit dried upexhausted,
They are becoming cq like women;
Their dwelling places are set on fire,
The cr bars of her gates are broken.
▼ Lit runner, ct courier runs to meet ▼
▼ Lit runneranother,
And one ▼
▼ Lit announcer, cw messenger to meet ▼
▼ Lit announceranother,
To tell the king of Babylon
That his city has been captured from end to end;
32The fords also have been seized,
And they have burned the marshes with fire,
And the men of war are terrified.
33For thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: “The daughter of Babylon is like a cy threshing floor
At the time ▼
▼ Lit of treading itit is stamped firm;
Yet in a little while the time of da harvest will come for her.”
34“Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has db devoured me and crushed me,
He has set me down like an dc empty vessel;
He has dd swallowed me like a monster,
He has filled his stomach with my delicacies;
He has washed me away.
35“May the de violence done to me and to my flesh be upon Babylon,”
▼ Lit inhabitressinhabitant of Zion will say;
And, “May my blood be upon the inhabitants of Chaldea,”
Jerusalem will say.
36Therefore thus says the Lord, “Behold, I am going to dg plead your case
And dh exact full vengeance for you;
And di I will dry up her ▼
▼ Or broad riversea
And make her fountain dry.
37 dk “Babylon will become a heap of ruins, a haunt of jackals,
An dl object of horror and hissing, without inhabitants.
38“They will roar together like dm young lions,
They will growl like lions’ cubs.
39“When they become heated up, I will serve them their banquet
And dn make them drunk, that they may become jubilant
And may do sleep a perpetual sleep
And not wake up,” declares the Lord.
40“I will bring them down like ▼
▼ Or young ramslambs dq to the slaughter,
Like rams together with male goats.
▼ Cryptic name for Babylon, ds Sheshak has been captured,
And dt the praise of the whole earth been seized!
How Babylon has become an object of horror among the nations!
▼ Or broad river, dv sea has come up over Babylon;
She has been engulfed with its tumultuous waves.
43“Her cities have become an dw object of horror,
A parched land and a desert,
A land in which dx no man lives
And through which no son of man passes.
44 dy “I will punish Bel in Babylon,
And I will make what he has swallowed dz come out of his mouth;
And the nations will no longer ea stream to him.
Even the eb wall of Babylon has fallen down!
45 ec “Come forth from her midst, My people,
And each of you ed save yourselves
From the fierce anger of the Lord.
46“Now ee so that your heart does not grow faint,
And you are not afraid at the ef report that will be heard in the land—
For the report will come ▼
▼ Lit in theone year,
And after that ▼
▼ Lit theanother report in ▼
▼ Lit theanother year,
And violence will be in the land
With ej ruler against ruler—
47Therefore behold, days are coming
When I will punish the ek idols of Babylon;
And her whole land will be el put to shame
And all her slain will fall in her midst.
48“Then em heaven and earth and all that is in them
Will shout for joy over Babylon,
For en the destroyers will come to her from the north,”
Declares the Lord.
49 eo Indeed Babylon is to fall for the slain of Israel,
As also for Babylon ep the slain of all the earth have fallen.
50You eq who have escaped the sword,
Depart! Do not stay!
er Remember the Lord from afar,
And let Jerusalem ▼
▼ Lit come upon your heartcome to your mind.
51 et We are ashamed because we have heard reproach;
Disgrace has covered our faces,
For eu aliens have entered
The holy places of the Lord’s house.
52“Therefore behold, the days are coming,” declares the Lord,
“When I will punish her ev idols,
And the mortally wounded will groan throughout her land.
53“Though Babylon should ew ascend to the heavens,
And though she should fortify ▼
▼ Lit the height of her strengthher lofty stronghold,
From ey Me destroyers will come to her,” declares the Lord.
54The ez sound of an outcry from Babylon,
And of great destruction from the land of the Chaldeans!
55For the Lord is going to destroy Babylon,
And He will make her loud ▼
▼ Or voicenoise vanish from her.
And their fb waves will roar like many waters;
The tumult of their voices ▼
▼ Lit is givensounds forth.
56For the fd destroyer is coming against her, against Babylon,
And her mighty men will be captured,
Their fe bows are shattered;
For the Lord is a God of ff recompense,
He will fully repay.
57“I will fg make her princes and her wise men drunk,
Her governors, her prefects and her mighty men,
That they may sleep a fh perpetual sleep and not wake up,”
fi Declares the King, whose name is the Lord of hosts.
58Thus says the Lord of hosts, “The broad fj wall of Babylon will be completely razed
And her high fk gates will be set on fire;
So the peoples will fl toil for nothing,
And the nations become fm exhausted only for fire.”
▼ Lit wordmessage which Jeremiah the prophet commanded Seraiah the son of fo Neriah, the grandson of Mahseiah, when he went with fp Zedekiah the king of Judah to Babylon in the fourth year of his reign. (Now Seraiah was quartermaster.) 60So Jeremiah fq wrote in a single ▼
▼ Or bookscroll all the calamity which would come upon Babylon, that is, all these words which have been written concerning Babylon. 61Then Jeremiah said to Seraiah, “As soon as you come to Babylon, then see that you read all these words aloud, 62and say, ‘You, O Lord, have ▼
▼ Lit spokenpromised concerning this place to ft cut it off, so that there will be fu nothing dwelling in it, ▼
▼ Lit from man even to beastwhether man or beast, but it will be a perpetual desolation.’ 63“And as soon as you finish reading this ▼
▼ Or bookscroll, you will tie a stone to it and fx throw it into the middle of the Euphrates, 64and say, ‘Just so shall Babylon sink down and fy not rise again because of the calamity that I am going to bring upon her; and they will become fz exhausted.’” ga Thus far are the words of Jeremiah.
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