John 19

The Crown of Thorns

Pilate then took Jesus and
Or had Him scourged
b scourged Him.
c And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and put a purple robe on Him; and they began to come up to Him and say, d Hail, King of the Jews!” and to e give Him slaps in the face. Pilate f came out again and said to them, “Behold, I am bringing Him out to you so that you may know that g I find no guilt in Him.” Jesus then came out, h wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, “Behold, the Man!” So when the chief priests and the i officers saw Him, they cried out saying, “Crucify, crucify!” Pilate said to them, “Take Him yourselves and crucify Him, for j I find no guilt in Him.” The Jews answered him, k We have a law, and by that law He ought to die because He l made Himself out to be the Son of God.”

Therefore when Pilate heard this statement, he was even more afraid; and he m entered into the
I.e. governor’s official residence
Praetorium again and said to Jesus, “Where are You from?” But o Jesus gave him no answer.
10 So Pilate said to Him, “You do not speak to me? Do You not know that I have authority to release You, and I have authority to crucify You?” 11 Jesus answered, p You would have no authority
Lit against
over Me, unless it had been given you from above; for this reason r he who delivered Me to you has the greater sin.”
12 As a result of this Pilate
Lit was seeking to
made efforts to release Him, but the Jews cried out saying t If you release this Man, you are no friend of Caesar; everyone who makes himself out to be a king
Or speaks against
opposes Caesar.”

13 Therefore when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and v sat down on the judgment seat at a place called
Gr The Lithostrotos
The Pavement, but x in
I.e. Jewish Aramaic
Hebrew, Gabbatha.
14 Now it was z the day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the
Perhaps 6 a.m.
ab sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, “Behold ac your King!”
15 So they cried out, ad Away with Him, away with Him, crucify Him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.”

The Crucifixion

16 So he then ae handed Him over to them to be crucified.

17  af They took Jesus, therefore, and He went out,
Lit bearing the cross for Himself
ah bearing His own cross, to the place called ai the Place of a Skull, which is called aj in
I.e. Jewish Aramaic
Hebrew, Golgotha.
18 There they crucified Him, and with Him al two other men, one on either side, and Jesus in between. 19 Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It was written am JESUS THE NAZARENE an THE KING OF THE JEWS.” 20 Therefore many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written ao in
I.e. Jewish Aramaic
Hebrew, Latin and in Greek.
21 So the chief priests of the Jews were saying to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘ aq The King of the Jews’; but that He said, ‘I am ar King of the Jews.’” 22 Pilate answered as What I have written I have written.”

23 Then at the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His outer garments and made au four parts, a part to every soldier and also the
Gr khiton, the garment worn next to the skin
tunic; now the tunic was seamless, woven
Lit from the upper part through the whole
in one piece.
24 So they said to one another ax Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, to decide whose it shall be”; ay  this was to fulfill the Scripture: “They az  divided My outer garments among them, and for My clothing they cast
Lit a lot
25 Therefore the soldiers did these things.

bb But standing by the cross of Jesus were bc His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and bd Mary Magdalene.
26 When Jesus then saw His mother, and be the disciple whom He loved standing nearby, He said to His mother, bf Woman, behold, your son!” 27 Then He said to the disciple, Behold, your mother!” From that hour the disciple took her into bg his own household.

28 After this, Jesus bh knowing that all things had already been accomplished bi to fulfill the Scripture, said, bj I am thirsty.” 29 A jar full of sour wine was standing there; so bk they put a sponge full of the sour wine upon a branch of hyssop and brought it up to His mouth. 30 Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, bl It is finished!” And He bowed His head and bm gave up His spirit.

Care of the Body of Jesus

31 Then the Jews, because it was bn the day of preparation, so that bo the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (
Lit for the day of that Sabbath was great
for that Sabbath was a bq high day), asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
32 So the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first man and of the other who was br crucified with Him; 33 but coming to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately bs blood and water came out. 35 And he who has seen has bt testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe. 36 For these things came to pass bu to fulfill the Scripture bv Not a bone of Him shall be
Or crushed or shattered
37 And again another Scripture says bx They shall look on Him whom they pierced.”

38  by After these things Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but a bz secret one for ca fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate granted permission. So he came and took away His body. 39  cb Nicodemus, who had first come to Him by night, also came cc bringing a
Two early mss read package of
mixture of ce myrrh and aloes, about a cf hundred
Lit 100 litras (12 oz each)
pounds weight.
40 So they took the body of Jesus and ch bound it in ci linen wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41 Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a cj new tomb ck in which no one had yet been laid. 42 Therefore because of the Jewish day of cl preparation, since the tomb was cm nearby, they laid Jesus there.
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