Judges 1

Jerusalem Is Captured

Now it came about after the death of Joshua that the sons of Israel a inquired of the  Lord, saying, “Who shall go up first for us b against the Canaanites, to fight against them?” The  Lord said, c Judah shall go up; behold, I have given the land into his hand.” Then Judah said to Simeon his brother, “Come up with me into
Lit my lot
the territory allotted me, that we may fight against the Canaanites; and
Lit I, even I
I in turn will go with you into
Lit your lot
the territory allotted you.” So Simeon went with him.
Judah went up, and g the  Lord gave the Canaanites and the Perizzites into their hands, and they
Lit smote them
defeated ten thousand men at Bezek.
They found Adoni-bezek in Bezek and fought against him, and they
Lit smote
defeated the Canaanites and the Perizzites.
But Adoni-bezek fled; and they pursued him and caught him and cut off his
Lit thumbs of his hands and his feet
thumbs and big toes.
Adoni-bezek said, “Seventy kings with their thumbs and their big toes cut off used to gather up scraps under my table; k as I have done, so God has repaid me.” So they brought him to Jerusalem and he died there.

Then the sons of Judah fought against l Jerusalem and captured it and struck it with the edge of the sword and set the city on fire. Afterward the sons of Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites living in the hill country and in the
I.e. South country
Negev and in the lowland.
10  n So Judah went against the Canaanites who lived in Hebron (now the name of Hebron formerly was Kiriath-arba); and they struck Sheshai and Ahiman and Talmai.

Capture of Other Cities

11 Then o from there he went against the inhabitants of Debir (now the name of Debir formerly was Kiriath-sepher). 12 And Caleb said, “The one who attacks Kiriath-sepher and captures it, I will even give him my daughter Achsah for a wife.” 13  p Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother, captured it; so he gave him his daughter Achsah for a wife. 14 Then q it came about when she came to him, that she persuaded him to ask her father for a field. Then she alighted from
Lit the
her donkey, and Caleb said to her, “What
Lit for yourself
do you want?”
15 She said to him, “Give me a blessing, since you have given me the land of the
I.e. South country
Negev, give me also springs of water.” So Caleb gave her the upper springs and the lower springs.

16 The
Lit sons
descendants of v the Kenite, Moses’ father-in-law, went up from the w city of palms with the sons of Judah, to the wilderness of Judah which is in the south of x Arad; and they went and lived with the people.
17 Then Judah went with Simeon his brother, and they struck the Canaanites living in Zephath, and utterly destroyed it. So the name of the city was called y Hormah. 18 And Judah took z Gaza with its territory and Ashkelon with its territory and Ekron with its territory. 19 Now the  Lord was with Judah, and they took possession of the hill country; but they could not
Or dispossess
drive out the inhabitants of the valley because they had ab iron chariots.
20 Then they gave Hebron to Caleb ac as Moses had
Lit spoken
promised; and he drove out from there ae the three sons of Anak.
21  af But the sons of Benjamin did not drive out the ag Jebusites who lived in Jerusalem; so the Jebusites have lived with the sons of Benjamin in Jerusalem to this day.

22 Likewise the house of Joseph went up against Bethel, and the  Lord was with them. 23 The house of Joseph spied out Bethel ( ah now the name of the city was formerly Luz). 24 The spies saw a man coming out of the city and they said to him, “Please show us the entrance to the city and ai we will treat you kindly.” 25 So he showed them the entrance to the city, and they struck the city with the edge of the sword aj but they let the man and all his family go free. 26 The man went into the land of the Hittites and built a city and named it Luz
Lit it
which is its name to this day.

Places Not Conquered

27  al But Manasseh did not take possession of Beth-shean and its villages, or Taanach and its villages, or the inhabitants of Dor and its villages, or the inhabitants of Ibleam and its villages, or the inhabitants of Megiddo and its villages; so am the Canaanites persisted in living in that land. 28 It came about when Israel became strong, that they put the Canaanites to forced labor, but they did not drive them out completely.

29  an Ephraim did not drive out the Canaanites who were living in Gezer; so the Canaanites lived in Gezer among them.

30 Zebulun did not drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, or the inhabitants of
Perhaps same as Nahalal
Nahalol; so the Canaanites lived among them and became subject to forced labor.

31 Asher did not drive out the inhabitants of Acco, or the inhabitants of Sidon, or of Ahlab, or of Achzib, or of Helbah, or of Aphik, or of Rehob. 32 So the Asherites lived among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land; for they did not drive them out.

33 Naphtali did not drive out the inhabitants of Beth-shemesh, or the inhabitants of Beth-anath, but lived among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land; and the inhabitants of Beth-shemesh and Beth-anath became forced labor for them.

34 Then the Amorites
Lit pressed
forced the sons of Dan into the hill country, for they did not allow them to come down to the valley;
35 yet the Amorites persisted in
Lit dwelling
living in Mount Heres, in Aijalon and in Shaalbim; but when the
Lit hand
power of the house of Joseph
Lit was heavy
grew strong, they became forced labor.
36 The border of the Amorites ran from the at ascent of Akrabbim, from Sela and upward.
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