Judges 3

Idolatry Leads to Servitude

1 a  Now these are the nations which the  Lord left, to test Israel by them ( that is, all who had not
Lit known
experienced any of the wars of Canaan;
2only in order that the generations of the sons of Israel might
Lit know, to teach them
be taught war
Lit only
those who had not
Lit known
experienced it formerly).
3These nations are: the five lords of the Philistines and all the Canaanites and the Sidonians and f  the Hivites who lived in Mount Lebanon, from Mount Baal-hermon as far as
Or the entrance of Hamath
Lebo-hamath.
4They were for
Lit testing by them
,
i  testing Israel, to find out if they would
Lit hear
obey the commandments of the  Lord, which He had commanded their fathers
Lit by the hand of
through Moses.
5 l  The sons of Israel lived among the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; 6and m  they took their daughters for themselves as wives, and gave their own daughters to their sons, and served their gods.

7The sons of Israel did n  what was evil in the sight of the  Lord, and o  forgot the  Lord their God and p  served the Baals and the
I.e. wooden symbol of a female deity
Asheroth.
8Then the anger of the  Lord was kindled against Israel, so that He sold them into the hands of Cushan-rishathaim king of
Heb Aram-naharaim
Mesopotamia; and the sons of Israel served Cushan-rishathaim eight years.

The First Judge Delivers Israel

9When the sons of Israel cried to the  Lord, the  Lord raised up a deliverer for the sons of Israel to deliver them, s  Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother. 10 t  The Spirit of the  Lord came upon him, and he judged Israel. When he went out to war, the  Lord gave Cushan-rishathaim king of
Heb Aram
Mesopotamia into his hand, so that
Lit his hand was strong
he prevailed over Cushan-rishathaim.
11Then the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

12Now the sons of Israel again w  did evil in the sight of the  Lord. So x  the  Lord strengthened Eglon the king of Moab against Israel, because they had done evil in the sight of the  Lord. 13And he gathered to himself the sons of Ammon and Amalek; and he went and
Lit smote
defeated Israel, and they possessed z  the city of the palm trees.
14The sons of Israel served Eglon the king of Moab eighteen years.

Ehud Delivers from Moab

15But when the sons of Israel aa  cried to the  Lord, the  Lord raised up a deliverer for them, Ehud the son of Gera, the Benjamite, a left-handed man. And the sons of Israel sent tribute by
Lit his hand
him to Eglon the king of Moab.
16Ehud made himself a sword which had two edges, a cubit in length, and he bound it on his right thigh under his cloak. 17He presented the tribute to Eglon king of Moab. Now Eglon was a very fat man. 18It came about when he had finished presenting the tribute, that he sent away the people who had carried the tribute. 19But he himself turned back from the idols which were at Gilgal, and said, “I have a secret message for you, O king.” And he said, “Keep silence.” And all who attended him left him. 20Ehud came to him while he was sitting alone in his cool roof chamber. And Ehud said, “I have a message from God for you.” And he arose from his seat. 21Ehud stretched out his left hand, took the sword from his right thigh and thrust it into his belly. 22The handle also went in after the blade, and the fat closed over the blade, for he did not draw the sword out of his belly; and the refuse came out. 23Then Ehud went out into the vestibule and shut the doors of the roof chamber behind him, and locked them.

24When he had gone out, his servants came and looked, and behold, the doors of the roof chamber were locked; and they said ac  He is only
Lit covering his feet
relieving himself in the cool room.”
25They waited until they
Lit were ashamed
became anxious; but behold, he did not open the doors of the roof chamber. Therefore they took the key and opened them, and behold, their master had fallen to the
Lit earth
floor dead.

26Now Ehud escaped while they were delaying, and he passed by the idols and escaped to Seirah. 27It came about when he had arrived, that ag  he blew the trumpet in the hill country of Ephraim; and the sons of Israel went down with him from the hill country, and he was in front of them. 28He said to them, “Pursue them, for the  Lord has given your enemies the Moabites into your hands.” So they went down after him and seized ah  the fords of the Jordan opposite Moab, and did not allow anyone to cross. 29They struck down at that time about ten thousand Moabites, all robust and valiant men; and no one escaped. 30So Moab was subdued that day under the hand of Israel. And the land was undisturbed for eighty years.

Shamgar Delivers from Philistines

31After him came ai  Shamgar the son of Anath, who struck down six hundred Philistines with an oxgoad; and he also saved Israel.
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