Leviticus 23

Laws of Religious Festivals

1The  Lord spoke again to Moses, saying, 2Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘ a  The  Lord’s appointed times which you shall b  proclaim as holy convocationsMy appointed times are these:

3c  For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation. You shall not do any work; it is a sabbath to the  Lord in all your dwellings.

4These are the d  appointed times of the  Lord, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at the times appointed for them. 5e  In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month
Lit between the two evenings
at twilight is the  Lord’s Passover.
6Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the g  Feast of Unleavened Bread to the  Lord; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. 7On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall h  not do any laborious work. 8But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the  Lord. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.’”

9Then the  Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 10Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘When you enter the land which I am going to give to you and i  reap its harvest, then you shall bring in the sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest to the priest. 11He shall wave the sheaf before the  Lord for you to be accepted; on the day after the sabbath the priest shall wave it. 12Now on the day when you wave the sheaf, you shall offer a male lamb one year old without defect for a burnt offering to the  Lord. 13‘Its j  grain offering shall then be two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering by fire to the  Lord for a soothing aroma, with its drink offering, a fourth of a
I.e. Approx one gal.
hin of wine.
14Until this same day, until you have brought in the offering of your God, l  you shall eat neither bread nor roasted grain nor new growth. It is to be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwelling places.

15m  You shall also count for yourselves from the day after the sabbath, from the day when you brought in the sheaf of the wave offering; there shall be seven complete sabbaths. 16You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh sabbath; then you shall present a n  new grain offering to the  Lord. 17You shall bring in from your dwelling places two loaves of bread for a wave offering, made of two-tenths of an
I.e. Approx one bu
ephah; they shall be of a fine flour, baked p  with leaven as first fruits to the  Lord.
18Along with the bread you shall present seven one year old male lambs without defect, and a bull of the herd and two rams; they are to be a burnt offering to the  Lord, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to the  Lord. 19You shall also offer q  one male goat for a sin offering and two male lambs one year old for a sacrifice of peace offerings. 20The priest shall then wave them with the bread of the first fruits for a wave offering with two lambs before the  Lord; they are to be holy to the  Lord for the priest. 21On this same day you shall r  make a proclamation as well; you are to have a holy convocation. You shall do no laborious s  work. It is to be a perpetual statute in all your dwelling places throughout your generations.

22t  When you reap the harvest of your land, moreover, you shall not reap to the very corners of your field nor gather the gleaning of your harvest; you are to leave them for the needy and the alien. I am the  Lord your God.’”

23Again the  Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 24Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘ u  In the seventh month on the first of the month you shall have a
Lit sabbath rest
rest, a w  reminder by blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation.
25‘You shall x  not do any laborious work, but you shall present an offering by fire to the  Lord.’”

The Day of Atonement

26The  Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 27On exactly y  the tenth day of this seventh month is z  the day of atonement; it shall be a holy convocation for you, and you shall humble your souls and present an offering by fire to the  Lord. 28You shall not do any work on this same day, for it is a aa  day of atonement, ab  to make atonement on your behalf before the  Lord your God. 29If there is any
Lit soul
person who will not humble himself on this same day, ad  he shall be cut off from his people.
30As for any person who does any work on this same day, that person I will destroy from among his people. 31You shall do no work at all. It is to be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwelling places. 32It is to be a sabbath of complete rest to you, and you shall humble your souls; on the ninth of the month at evening, from evening until evening you shall keep your sabbath.”

33Again the  Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 34Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘On ae  the fifteenth of this seventh month is the af  Feast of Booths for seven days to the  Lord. 35On the first day is a holy convocation; you shall do ag  no laborious work of any kind. 36ah  For seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the  Lord. On ai  the eighth day you shall have a holy convocation and present an offering by fire to the  Lord; it is an assembly. You shall do no laborious work.

37These are aj  the appointed times of the  Lord which you shall proclaim as holy convocations, to present offerings by fire to the  Lordburnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings, ak  each day’s matter on its own day 38besides those of the sabbaths of the  Lord, and besides your gifts and besides all your
Lit vows, and besides all your
votive and freewill offerings, which you give to the  Lord.

39On exactly the fifteenth day of the seventh month, am  when you have gathered in the crops of the land, you shall celebrate the feast of the  Lord for seven days, with a
Lit sabbath rest
rest on the first day and a
Lit sabbath rest
rest on the eighth day.
40Now on the first day you shall take for yourselves the
Lit products, fruit
foliage of beautiful trees, palm branches and boughs of leafy trees and willows of the brook, and you shall rejoice before the  Lord your God for seven days.
41You shall thus celebrate it as a feast to the  Lord for seven days in the year. It shall be a perpetual statute throughout your generations; you shall celebrate it in the seventh month. 42‘You shall
Lit dwell
live ar  in booths for seven days; all the native-born in Israel shall
Lit dwell
live in booths,
43so that at  your generations may know that I had the sons of Israel live in booths when I brought them out from the land of Egypt. I am the  Lord your God.’” 44So Moses declared to the sons of Israel au  the appointed times of the  Lord.
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