Leviticus 5

The Law of Guilt Offerings

1Now if a person sins after he hears a
Lit voice of an oath
public b  adjuration to testify when he is a witness, whether he has seen or otherwise known, if he does not tell it, then he will bear his
Or iniquity
guilt.
2Or if a person touches d  any unclean thing, whether a carcass of an unclean beast or the carcass of unclean cattle or a carcass of unclean swarming things, though it is hidden from him and he is unclean, then he will be guilty. 3Or if he touches human uncleanness, of whatever sort his uncleanness may be with which he becomes unclean, and it is hidden from him, and then he comes to know it, he will be guilty. 4Or if a person e  swears thoughtlessly with his lips to do evil or to do good, in whatever matter a man may speak thoughtlessly with an oath, and it is hidden from him, and then he comes to know it, he will be guilty in one of these. 5So it shall be when he becomes guilty in one of these, that he shall f  confess that in which he has sinned. 6He shall also bring his guilt offering to the  Lord for his sin which he has
Lit sinned
committed, h  a female from the flock, a lamb or a
Lit female goat
goat as a sin offering. So the priest shall make atonement on his behalf for his sin.

7But if
Lit his hand does not reach enough for
he cannot afford a lamb, then he shall bring to the  Lord his guilt offering for that in which he has sinned, two turtledoves or two young pigeons, k  one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering.
8He shall bring them to the priest, who shall offer first that which is for the sin offering and shall nip its head at the front of its neck, but he l  shall not sever it. 9He shall also sprinkle some of the blood of the sin offering m  on the side of the altar, while the rest of the blood shall be drained out n  at the base of the altar: it is a sin offering. 10The second he shall then prepare as a burnt offering o  according to the ordinance. p  So the priest shall make atonement on his behalf for his sin which he has
Lit sinned
committed, and it will be forgiven him.

11‘But r  if his
Lit hand does not reach
means are insufficient for two turtledoves or two young pigeons, then for his offering for that which he has sinned, he shall bring the tenth of an
I.e. Approx one bu
ephah of fine flour for a sin offering; u  he shall not put oil on it or place incense on it, for it is a sin offering.
12He shall bring it to the priest, and the priest shall take his handful of it as its memorial portion and offer it up in smoke on the altar,
Lit upon
with the offerings of the  Lord by fire: it is a sin offering.
13So the priest shall make atonement for him concerning his sin which he has
Lit sinned
committed from x  one of these, and it will be forgiven him; then y  the rest shall become the priest’s, like the grain offering.’”

14Then the  Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 15 z  If a person acts unfaithfully and sins aa  unintentionally against the  Lord’s holy things, then he shall bring his ab  guilt offering to the  Lord: ac  a ram without defect from the flock, according to your valuation in silver by shekels, in terms of the ad  shekel of the sanctuary, for a guilt offering. 16 ae  He shall make restitution for that which he has sinned against the holy thing, and shall add to it a fifth part of it and give it to the priest. af  The priest shall then make atonement for him with the ram of the guilt offering, and it will be forgiven him.

17Now if a person sins and does any of the things
Lit the commands of the  Lord which are
which the  Lord has commanded not to be done, ah  though he was unaware, still he is guilty and shall bear his punishment.
18He is then to bring to the priest ai  a ram without defect from the flock, according to your valuation, for a guilt offering. So the priest shall make atonement for him concerning his error in which he sinned aj  unintentionally and did not know it, and it will be forgiven him. 19It is a guilt offering; he was certainly guilty before the  Lord.”
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