Leviticus 5

The Law of Guilt Offerings

Now if a person sins after he hears a
Lit voice of an oath
public b adjuration to testify when he is a witness, whether he has seen or otherwise known, if he does not tell it, then he will bear his
Or iniquity
guilt.
Or if a person touches d any unclean thing, whether a carcass of an unclean beast or the carcass of unclean cattle or a carcass of unclean swarming things, though it is hidden from him and he is unclean, then he will be guilty. Or if he touches human uncleanness, of whatever sort his uncleanness may be with which he becomes unclean, and it is hidden from him, and then he comes to know it, he will be guilty. Or if a person e swears thoughtlessly with his lips to do evil or to do good, in whatever matter a man may speak thoughtlessly with an oath, and it is hidden from him, and then he comes to know it, he will be guilty in one of these. So it shall be when he becomes guilty in one of these, that he shall f confess that in which he has sinned. He shall also bring his guilt offering to the  Lord for his sin which he has
Lit sinned
committed, h a female from the flock, a lamb or a
Lit female goat
goat as a sin offering. So the priest shall make atonement on his behalf for his sin.

But if
Lit his hand does not reach enough for
he cannot afford a lamb, then he shall bring to the  Lord his guilt offering for that in which he has sinned, two turtledoves or two young pigeons, k one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering.
He shall bring them to the priest, who shall offer first that which is for the sin offering and shall nip its head at the front of its neck, but he l shall not sever it. He shall also sprinkle some of the blood of the sin offering m on the side of the altar, while the rest of the blood shall be drained out n at the base of the altar: it is a sin offering. 10 The second he shall then prepare as a burnt offering o according to the ordinance. p So the priest shall make atonement on his behalf for his sin which he has
Lit sinned
committed, and it will be forgiven him.

11 ‘But r if his
Lit hand does not reach
means are insufficient for two turtledoves or two young pigeons, then for his offering for that which he has sinned, he shall bring the tenth of an
I.e. Approx one bu
ephah of fine flour for a sin offering; u he shall not put oil on it or place incense on it, for it is a sin offering.
12 He shall bring it to the priest, and the priest shall take his handful of it as its memorial portion and offer it up in smoke on the altar,
Lit upon
with the offerings of the  Lord by fire: it is a sin offering.
13 So the priest shall make atonement for him concerning his sin which he has
Lit sinned
committed from x one of these, and it will be forgiven him; then y  the rest shall become the priest’s, like the grain offering.’”

14 Then the  Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 15  z If a person acts unfaithfully and sins aa unintentionally against the  Lord’s holy things, then he shall bring his ab guilt offering to the  Lord: ac a ram without defect from the flock, according to your valuation in silver by shekels, in terms of the ad shekel of the sanctuary, for a guilt offering. 16  ae He shall make restitution for that which he has sinned against the holy thing, and shall add to it a fifth part of it and give it to the priest. af The priest shall then make atonement for him with the ram of the guilt offering, and it will be forgiven him.

17 Now if a person sins and does any of the things
Lit the commands of the  Lord which are
which the  Lord has commanded not to be done, ah though he was unaware, still he is guilty and shall bear his punishment.
18 He is then to bring to the priest ai a ram without defect from the flock, according to your valuation, for a guilt offering. So the priest shall make atonement for him concerning his error in which he sinned aj unintentionally and did not know it, and it will be forgiven him. 19 It is a guilt offering; he was certainly guilty before the  Lord.”
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