Luke 1

Introduction

1Inasmuch as many have undertaken to compile an account of the things
Or on which there is full conviction
,
b  accomplished among us,
2just as they were handed down to us by those who c  from the beginning
Lit became
were e  eyewitnesses and
Or ministers
,
g  servants of h  the
I.e. gospel
word,
3it seemed fitting for me as well j  having
Or followed
investigated everything carefully from the beginning, to write it out for you l  in consecutive order m  most excellent n  Theophilus;
4so that you may know the exact truth about the things you have been
Or orally instructed in
,
p  taught.

Birth of John the Baptist Foretold

5 q  In the days of Herod, king of Judea, there was a priest named
I.e. Zechariah
Zacharias, of the s  division of
Gr Abia
Abijah; and he had a wife
I.e. of priestly descent
from the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth.
6They were both v  righteous in the sight of God, walking w  blamelessly in all the commandments and requirements of the Lord. 7But they had no child, because Elizabeth was barren, and they were both advanced in
Lit days
years.

8Now it happened that while y  he was performing his priestly service before God in the appointed order of his division, 9according to the custom of the priestly office, he was chosen by lot z  to enter the temple of the Lord and burn incense. 10And the whole multitude of the people were in prayer aa  outside at the hour of the incense offering. 11And ab  an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing to the right of the altar of incense. 12Zacharias was troubled when he saw the angel, and ac  fear
Or fell upon
gripped him.
13But the angel said to him, ae  Do not be afraid, Zacharias, for your petition has been heard, and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and af  you will
Lit call his name
give him the name John.
14You will have joy and gladness, and many will rejoice at his birth. 15For he will be great in the sight of the Lord; and he will ah  drink no wine or liquor, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit
Lit from
while yet in his mother’s womb.
16“And he will aj  turn many of the sons of Israel back to the Lord their God. 17“It is he who will ak  go as a forerunner before Him in the spirit and power of al  Elijah, am  to turn the hearts of the fathers back to the children, and the disobedient to the attitude of the righteous, so as to an  make ready a people prepared for the Lord.”

18Zacharias said to the angel, “How will I know this for certain? For ao  I am an old man and my wife is advanced in
Lit days
years.”
19The angel answered and said to him, “I am aq  Gabriel, who
Lit stand beside
,
as  stands in the presence of God, and I have been sent to speak to you and to bring you this good news.
20And behold, you shall be silent and unable to speak until the day when these things take place, because you did not believe my words, which will be fulfilled in their proper time.”

21The people were waiting for Zacharias, and were wondering at his delay in the temple. 22But when he came out, he was unable to speak to them; and they realized that he had seen a vision in the temple; and he at  kept
Or beckoning to or nodding to
making signs to them, and remained mute.
23When the days of his priestly service were ended, he went back home.

24After these days Elizabeth his wife became pregnant, and she
Lit was hidden
kept herself in seclusion for five months, saying,
25This is the way the Lord has dealt with me in the days when He looked with favor upon me, to aw  take away my disgrace among men.”

Jesus’ Birth Foretold

26Now in the sixth month the angel ax  Gabriel was sent from God to a city in Galilee called ay  Nazareth, 27to az  a virgin
Or betrothed; i.e. the first stage of marriage in Jewish culture, usually lasting for a year before the wedding night. More legal than engagement
engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, bb  of the
Lit house
descendants of David; and the virgin’s name was
Gr Mariam; i.e. Heb Miriam; so throughout Luke
Mary.
28And coming in, he said to her, “Greetings
Or woman richly blessed
favored one! The Lord
Or be
is with you.”
29But she bg  was very perplexed at this statement, and kept pondering what kind of salutation this was. 30The angel said to her, bh  Do not be afraid, Mary; for you have found favor with God. 31And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you bi  shall name Him Jesus. 32He will be great and will be called the Son of bj  the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him bk  the throne of His father David; 33 bl  and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever bm  and His kingdom will have no end.” 34Mary said to the angel, “How
Lit will
can this be, since I
Lit know no man
am a virgin?”
35The angel answered and said to her, bp  The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of bq  the Most High will overshadow you; and for that reason br  the
Lit the holy thing begotten
holy Child shall be called bt  the Son of God.
36And behold, even your relative Elizabeth has also conceived a son in her old age; and
Lit this is the sixth month to her who
she who was called barren is now in her sixth month.
37“For
Lit not any word
,
bw  nothing will be impossible with God.”
38And Mary said, “Behold, the
I.e. female slave
bondslave of the Lord; may it be done to me according to your word.” And the angel departed from her.

Mary Visits Elizabeth

39Now
Lit in these days
at this time Mary arose and went in a hurry to bz  the hill country, to a city of Judah,
40and entered the house of Zacharias and greeted Elizabeth. 41When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the baby leaped in her womb; and Elizabeth was ca  filled with the Holy Spirit. 42And she cried out with a loud voice and said, “Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb! 43“And
Lit from where this to me
how has it happened to me, that the mother of cc  my Lord would come to me?
44For behold, when the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby leaped in my womb for joy. 45“And cd  blessed is she who
Or believed, because there will be
believed that there would be a fulfillment of what had been spoken to her
Lit from
by the Lord.”

The Magnificat

46And Mary said: cg  My soul
Lit makes great
,
ci  exalts the Lord,
47And cj  my spirit has rejoiced in ck  God my Savior.
48“For cl  He has had regard for the humble state of His
I.e. female slave
bondslave;
For behold, from this time on all generations will count me cn  blessed.
49For the Mighty One has done great things for me;
And holy is His name.
50 co  And His mercy is
Lit unto generations and generations
upon generation after generation
Toward those who fear Him.
51 cq  He has done
Lit might
mighty deeds with His arm;
He has scattered those who were proud in the
Lit thought, attitude
thoughts of their heart.
52He has brought down rulers from their thrones,
And has ct  exalted those who were humble.
53 cu  He has filled the hungry with good things;
And sent away the rich empty-handed.
54He has given help to Israel His servant,
Lit So as to remember
In remembrance of His mercy,
55 cw  As He spoke to our fathers,
cx  To Abraham and his
Lit seed
descendants forever.”

56And Mary stayed with her about three months, and then returned to her home.

John Is Born

57Now the time
Lit was fulfilled
had come for Elizabeth to give birth, and she gave birth to a son.
58Her neighbors and her relatives heard that the Lord had
Lit magnified
,
db  displayed His great mercy toward her; and they were rejoicing with her.

59And it happened that on dc  the eighth day they came to circumcise the child, and they were going to call him Zacharias
Lit after the name of
after his father.
60But his mother answered and said, “No indeed; but de  he shall be called John.” 61And they said to her, “There is no one among your relatives who is called by that name.” 62And they df  made signs to his father, as to what he wanted him called. 63And he asked for a tablet and wrote as follows dg  His name is John.” And they were all astonished. 64 dh  And at once his mouth was opened and his tongue loosed, and he began to speak in praise of God. 65Fear came on all those living around them; and all these matters were being talked about in all di  the hill country of Judea. 66All who heard them kept them in mind, saying, “What then will this child turn out to be?” For dj  the hand of the Lord was certainly with him.

Zacharias’s Prophecy

67And his father Zacharias dk  was filled with the Holy Spirit, and dl  prophesied, saying: 68 dm  Blessed be the Lord God of Israel,
For He has visited us and accomplished dn  redemption for His people,
69And has raised up a do  horn of salvation for us
In the house of David dp  His servant
70 dq  As He spoke by the mouth of His holy prophets dr  from of old
71
Or Deliverance
,
dt  Salvation du  from our enemies,
And from the hand of all who hate us;
72 dv  To show mercy toward our fathers,
dw  And to remember His holy covenant,
73 dx  The oath which He swore to Abraham our father,
74To grant us that we, being rescued from the hand of our enemies,
Might serve Him without fear,
75 dy  In holiness and righteousness before Him all our days.
76And you, child, will be called the dz  prophet of ea  the Most High;
For you will go on eb  before the Lord to ec  prepare His ways;
77To give to His people the knowledge of salvation
Or Consisting in
By ee  the forgiveness of their sins,
78Because of the tender mercy of our God,
With which ef  the Sunrise from on high will visit us,
79 eg  To shine upon those who sit in darkness and the shadow of death,
To guide our feet into the eh  way of peace.”

80 ei  And the child continued to grow and to become strong in spirit, and he lived in the deserts until the day of his public appearance to Israel.
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