Matthew 10

The Twelve Disciples; Instructions for Service

Jesus a summoned His twelve disciples and gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to b heal every kind of disease and every kind of sickness.

c Now the names of the twelve apostles are these: The first d Simon, who is called Peter, and e Andrew his brother; and
Or Jacob; James is the Eng form of Jacob
g James the son of Zebedee, and
Gr Joannes, Heb Johanan
John his brother;
i Philip and
I.e. son of Talmai (Aram)
Bartholomew; k Thomas and l Matthew the tax collector;
Or Jacob
n James the son of Alphaeus, and o Thaddaeus;
Simon the
Or Cananaean
Zealot, and q Judas Iscariot, the one who betrayed Him.

r These twelve Jesus sent out after instructing them: “Do not
Or go off
Or on the road of (Gr hodos: way or road)
in the way of the Gentiles, and do not enter any city of the u Samaritans;
but rather go to v the lost sheep of the house of Israel. And as you go,
Or proclaim
preach, saying, ‘ x The kingdom of heaven
Lit has come near
is at hand.’
Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out demons. Freely you received, freely give. z Do not acquire gold, or silver, or copper for your money belts, 10 or a
Or knapsack, or beggar’s bag
bag for your journey, or even two
Or inner garments
coats, or sandals, or a staff; for ac the worker is worthy of his
Lit nourishment
11 And whatever city or village you enter, inquire who is worthy in it, and stay
Lit there until
at his house until you leave that city.
12 As you enter the
Or household
house, ag give it your
I.e. the familiar Heb blessing, “Peace be to this house!”
13 If the house is worthy,
Lit your peace is to come upon it
give it your blessing of peace. But if it is not worthy,
Lit your peace is to return to you
take back your blessing of peace.
14 Whoever does not receive you, nor heed your words, as you go out of that house or that city, ak shake the dust off your feet. 15 Truly I say to you, al it will be more tolerable for the land of am Sodom and Gomorrah in an the day of judgment than for that city.

A Hard Road before Them

16  ao Behold, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves; so
Or show yourselves to be
be aq shrewd as serpents and ar innocent as doves.
17 But beware of men, for they will hand you over to the as courts and scourge you at in their synagogues; 18 and you will even be brought before governors and kings for My sake, as a testimony to them and to the Gentiles. 19  au But when they hand you over, av do not worry about how or what you are to say; for it will be given you in that hour what you are to say. 20 “For aw it is not you who speak, but it is the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you.

21  ax Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child; and ay children will rise up against parents and
Lit put them to death
cause them to be put to death.
22  ba You will be hated by all because of My name, but bb it is the one who has endured to the end who will be saved.

23 But whenever they bc persecute you in
Lit this
one city, flee to
Lit the other
the next; for truly I say to you, you will not finish going through the cities of Israel bf until the Son of Man comes.

The Meaning of Discipleship

24  bg “A
Or student
disciple is not above his teacher, nor a slave above his master.
25 It is enough for the disciple that he become like his teacher, and the slave like his master. bi If they have called the head of the house
Or Beezebul: ruler of demons
bk Beelzebul, how much more will they malign the members of his household!

26 Therefore do not bl fear them, bm for there is nothing concealed that will not be revealed, or hidden that will not be known. 27  bn What I tell you in the darkness, speak in the light; and what you hear whispered in your ear, proclaim bo upon the housetops. 28 Do not fear those who kill the body but are unable to kill the soul; but rather bp fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in
Gr Gehenna
br hell.
29  bs Are not two sparrows sold for a
Gr assarion, the smallest copper coin
cent? And yet not one of them will fall to the ground apart from your Father.
30 “But bu the very hairs of your head are all numbered. 31 So do not fear; bv you are more valuable than many sparrows.

32 Therefore bw everyone who
Lit will confess in Me
confesses Me before men, I will also confess
Lit in him
him before My Father who is in heaven.
33 “But bz whoever
Lit will deny
denies Me before men, I will also deny him before My Father who is in heaven.

34  cb Do not think that I came to
Lit cast
bring peace on the earth; I did not come to bring peace, but a sword.
35 For I came to cd  set a man against his father, and a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law; 36 and ce  a mans enemies will be the members of his household.

37  cf He who loves father or mother more than Me is not worthy of Me; and he who loves son or daughter more than Me is not worthy of Me. 38 “And cg he who does not take his cross and follow after Me is not worthy of Me. 39  ch He who has found his
Or soul
life will lose it, and he who has lost his
Or soul
life for My sake will find it.

The Reward of Service

40  ck He who receives you receives Me, and cl he who receives Me receives Him who sent Me. 41  cm He who receives a prophet in the name of a prophet shall receive a prophet’s reward; and he who receives a righteous man in the name of a righteous man shall receive a righteous man’s reward. 42 “And cn whoever in the name of a disciple gives to one of these
I.e. humble
little ones even a cup of cold water to drink, truly I say to you, he shall not lose his reward.”
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