Matthew 5

The Sermon on the Mount; The Beatitudes

1 a  When Jesus saw the crowds, He went up on b  the
Or hill
mountain; and after He sat down, His disciples came to Him.
2 d  He opened His mouth and began to teach them, saying,

I.e. fortunate or prosperous, and so through v 11
f  Blessed are the
I.e. those who are not spiritually arrogant
poor in spirit, for h  theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

4Blessed are i  those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.

5Blessed are j  the
Or humble, meek
gentle, for they shall inherit the earth.

6Blessed are l  those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.

7Blessed are m  the merciful, for they shall receive mercy.

8Blessed are n  the pure in heart, for o  they shall see God.

9Blessed are the peacemakers, for p  they shall be called sons of God.

10Blessed are those who have been q  persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for r  theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

11Blessed are you when people s  insult you and persecute you, and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of Me. 12Rejoice and be glad, for your reward in heaven is great; for t  in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

Disciples and the World

13You are the salt of the earth; but u  if the salt has become tasteless, how
Lit will
can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled under foot by men.

14“You are w  the light of the world. A city set on a
Or mountain
hill cannot be hidden;
15 y  nor does anyone light a lamp and put it under a
Or peck-measure
basket, but on the lampstand, and it gives light to all who are in the house.
16Let your light shine before men in such a way that they may aa  see your good works, and ab  glorify your Father who is in heaven.

17Do not think that I came to abolish the ac  Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. 18For truly I say to you, ad  until heaven and earth pass away, not
Lit one iota (Heb yodh) or one projection of a letter (serif)
the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished.
19Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches
Gr anthropoi
others to do the same, shall be called least ag  in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever
Lit does
keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

20For I say to you that unless your ai  righteousness surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven.

Personal Relationships

21 aj  You have heard that
Lit it was said to the ancients
the ancients were told, ‘ al  You shall not commit murder’ and ‘Whoever commits murder shall be
Or guilty before
liable to an  the court.’
22But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother shall be
Or liable to
guilty before ap  the court; and whoever says to his brother, ‘
Or empty-head; Gr Raka (Raca) fr Aram reqa
You good-for-nothing,’ shall be
Or liable to
guilty before
Lit the Sanhedrin
at  the supreme court; and whoever says, ‘You fool,’ shall be
Or liable to
guilty enough to go into the
Lit Gehenna of fire
aw  fiery hell.
23Therefore if you are ax  presenting your
Or gift
offering at the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you,
24leave your
Or gift
offering there before the altar and go; first be ba  reconciled to your brother, and then come and present your
Or gift
25 bc  Make friends quickly with your opponent at law while you are with him on the way, so that your opponent may not hand you over to the judge, and the judge to the officer, and you be thrown into prison. 26Truly I say to you, bd  you will not come out of there until you have paid up the last
Lit quadrans (equaling two mites); i.e. 1/64 of a daily wage

27 bf  You have heard that it was said, ‘ bg  You shall not commit adultery’; 28but I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman bh  with lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 29 bi  If your right eye makes you
I.e. sin
stumble, tear it out and throw it from you; for it is better for you
Lit that lost
to lose one of the parts of your body,
Lit not your whole body
than for your whole body to be thrown into
Gr Gehenna
bn  hell.
30 bo  If your right hand makes you
I.e. sin
stumble, cut it off and throw it from you; for it is better for you
Lit that lost
to lose one of the parts of your body,
Lit not your whole body
than for your whole body to go into
Gr Gehenna
bt  hell.

31It was said, ‘ bu  Whoever sends his wife away, let him give her a certificate of divorce’; 32 bv  but I say to you that everyone who
Or sends away
divorces his wife, except for the reason of unchastity, makes her commit adultery; and whoever marries a
Or sent away
divorced woman commits adultery.

33Again, by  you have heard that
Lit it was said to the ancients
the ancients were told, ‘
you and your are singular here
cb  You shall not
Or break your vows
make false vows, but shall fulfill your
Lit oaths
vows to the Lord.’
34But I say to you, ce  make no oath at all, either by heaven, for it is cf  the throne of God, 35or by the earth, for it is the cg  footstool of His feet, or
Or toward
by Jerusalem, for it is ci  the city of the great King.
36Nor shall you make an oath by your head, for you cannot make one hair white or black. 37But let your statement be, ‘Yes, yesorNo, no’; anything beyond these is
Or from the evil one
of ck  evil.

38 cl  You have heard that it was said, ‘ cm  An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.’ 39But I say to you, do not resist an evil person; but cn  whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also. 40If anyone wants to sue you and take your
Lit tunic; i.e. a garment worn next to the body
shirt, let him have your
Lit cloak; i.e. an outer garment
coat also.
Lit will force
forces you to go one mile, go with him two.
42 cr  Give to him who asks of you, and do not turn away from him who wants to borrow from you.

43 cs  You have heard that it was said, ‘ ct  You shall love your neighbor cu  and hate your enemy.’ 44But I say to you, cv  love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, 45so that you may
Or show yourselves to be
be cx  sons of your Father who is in heaven; for He causes His sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.
46“For cy  if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? 47If you greet only your brothers, what more are you doing than others? Do not even the Gentiles do the same? 48Therefore
Lit you shall be
da  you are to be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.
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