Psalms 78

God’s Guidance of His People in Spite of Their Unfaithfulness.

A
Possibly, Contemplative, or Didactic, or Skillful Psalm
Maskil of Asaph.

1 b  Listen, O my people, to my
Or law, teaching
instruction;
d  Incline your ears to the words of my mouth.
2I will e  open my mouth in a parable;
I will utter f  dark sayings of old,
3Which we have heard and known,
And g  our fathers have told us.
4We will h  not conceal them from their children,
But i  tell to the generation to come the praises of the  Lord,
And His strength and His j  wondrous works that He has done.

5For He established a k  testimony in Jacob
And appointed a l  law in Israel,
Which He m  commanded our fathers
That they should
Lit make them known
,
o  teach them to their children,
6 p  That the generation to come might know, even q  the children yet to be born,
That they may arise and r  tell them to their children,
7That they should put their confidence in God
And s  not forget the works of God,
But t  keep His commandments,
8And u  not be like their fathers,
A v  stubborn and rebellious generation,
A generation that w  did not
Or put right
prepare its heart
And whose spirit was not y  faithful to God.

9The sons of Ephraim
Or being
were aa  archers equipped with bows,
Yet ab  they turned back in the day of battle.
10They ac  did not keep the covenant of God
And refused to ad  walk in His law;
11They ae  forgot His deeds
And His
Or wonderful works
miracles that He had shown them.
12 ag  He wrought wonders before their fathers
In the land of Egypt, in the ah  field of Zoan.
13He ai  divided the sea and caused them to pass through,
And He made the waters stand aj  up like a heap.
14Then He led them with the cloud by ak  day
And all the night with a al  light of fire.
15He am  split the rocks in the wilderness
And gave them abundant drink like the ocean depths.
16He an  brought forth streams also from the rock
And caused waters to run down like rivers.

17Yet they still continued to sin against Him,
To ao  rebel against the Most High in the desert.
18And in their heart they ap  put God to the test
By asking aq  food according to their desire.
19Then they spoke against God;
They said ar  Can God prepare a table in the wilderness?
20Behold, He as  struck the rock so that waters gushed out,
And streams were overflowing;
Can He give bread also?
Will He provide
Lit flesh
,
au  meat for His people?”

21Therefore the  Lord heard and
Or became infuriated
was aw  full of wrath;
And a fire was kindled against Jacob
And anger also mounted against Israel,
22Because they ax  did not believe in God
And did not trust in His salvation.
23Yet He commanded the clouds above
And ay  opened the doors of heaven;
24He az  rained down manna upon them to eat
And gave them
Lit grain
,
bb  food from heaven.
25Man did eat the bread of
Lit mighty ones
angels;
He sent them
Or provision
food
Lit to satiation
,
bf  in abundance.
26He bg  caused the east wind to blow in the heavens
And by His
Or strength
power He directed the south wind.
27When He rained
Lit flesh
meat upon them like the dust,
Even bj  winged fowl like the sand of the seas,
28Then He let them fall in the midst of
Lit His
their camp,
Round about their dwellings.
29So they bl  ate and were well filled,
And their desire He gave to them.
30
Lit They were not estranged from
Before they had satisfied their desire,
bn  While their food was in their mouths,
31The bo  anger of God rose against them
And killed
Lit among their fat ones
some of their bq  stoutest ones,
And
Lit caused to bow down
subdued the choice men of Israel.
32In spite of all this they bs  still sinned
And bt  did not believe in His wonderful works.
33So He brought bu  their days to an end in
Lit vanity, a mere breath
futility
And their years in sudden terror.

34When He killed them, then they bw  sought Him,
And returned and searched bx  diligently for God;
35And they remembered that God was their by  rock,
And the Most High God their bz  Redeemer.
36But they ca  deceived Him with their mouth
And cb  lied to Him with their tongue.
37For their heart was not cc  steadfast toward Him,
Nor were they faithful in His covenant.
38But He, being cd  compassionate
Lit covered over, atoned for
,
cf  forgave their iniquity and did not destroy them;
And often He
Lit turned away
,
ch  restrained His anger
And did not arouse all His wrath.
39Thus ci  He remembered that they were but cj  flesh,
A
Or breath
,
cl  wind that passes and does not return.

40How often they cm  rebelled against Him in the wilderness
And cn  grieved Him in the co  desert!
41Again and again they
Or put God to the test
,
cq  tempted God,
And pained the cr  Holy One of Israel.
42They cs  did not remember ct  His
Lit hand
power,
The day when He cv  redeemed them from the adversary,
43When He performed His cw  signs in Egypt
And His cx  marvels in the field of Zoan,
44And cy  turned their rivers to blood,
And their streams, they could not drink.
45He sent among them swarms of cz  flies which devoured them,
And da  frogs which destroyed them.
46He gave also their crops to the db  grasshopper
And the product of their labor to the dc  locust.
47He
Lit was killing
destroyed their vines with de  hailstones
And their sycamore trees with frost.
48He gave over their df  cattle also to the hailstones
And their herds to bolts of lightning.
49He dg  sent upon them His burning anger,
Fury and indignation and trouble,
Lit A deputation of angels of evil
A band of destroying angels.
50He leveled a path for His anger;
He did not spare their soul from death,
But di  gave over their life to the plague,
51And dj  smote all the firstborn in Egypt,
The dk  first issue of their virility in the tents of dl  Ham.
52But He dm  led forth His own people like sheep
And guided them in the wilderness dn  like a flock;
53He led them do  safely, so that they did not fear;
But dp  the sea engulfed their enemies.

54So dq  He brought them to His holy
Lit border, territory
land,
To this
Or mountain
,
dt  hill country du  which His right hand had gained.
55He also dv  drove out the nations before them
And dw  apportioned them for an inheritance by measurement,
And made the tribes of Israel dwell in their tents.
56Yet they
Or put to the test
,
dy  tempted and dz  rebelled against the Most High God
And did not keep His testimonies,
57But turned back and ea  acted treacherously like their fathers;
They eb  turned aside like a treacherous bow.
58For they ec  provoked Him with their ed  high places
And ee  aroused His jealousy with their ef  graven images.
59When God heard, He
Or became infuriated
was filled with eh  wrath
And greatly ei  abhorred Israel;
60So that He ej  abandoned the ek  dwelling place at Shiloh,
The tent
Some ancient versions read where He dwelt
which He had pitched among men,
61And gave up His em  strength to captivity
And His glory en  into the hand of the adversary.
62He also eo  delivered His people to the sword,
And
Or became infuriated
was filled with wrath at His inheritance.
63 eq  Fire devoured
Or their
His young men,
And
Or their
His et  virgins had no wedding songs.
64
Or their
His ev  priests fell by the sword,
And
Or their
His ex  widows could not weep.

65Then the Lord ey  awoke as if from sleep,
Like a ez  warrior
Or sobered up from
overcome by wine.
66He
Lit smote
,
fc  drove His adversaries backward;
He put on them an everlasting reproach.
67He also fd  rejected the tent of Joseph,
And did not choose the tribe of Ephraim,
68But chose the tribe of Judah,
Mount fe  Zion which He loved.
69And He ff  built His sanctuary like the heights,
Like the earth which He has founded forever.
70He also fg  chose David His servant
And took him from the sheepfolds;
71From
Lit following
,
fi  the care of the
Lit ewes which gave suck, He...
ewes fk  with suckling lambs He brought him
To fl  shepherd Jacob His people,
And Israel fm  His inheritance.
72So he shepherded them according to the fn  integrity of his heart,
And guided them with his skillful hands.

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