Psalms 78

God’s Guidance of His People in Spite of Their Unfaithfulness.

Possibly, Contemplative, or Didactic, or Skillful Psalm
Maskil of Asaph.

b Listen, O my people, to my
Or law, teaching
d Incline your ears to the words of my mouth.
I will e open my mouth in a parable;
I will utter f dark sayings of old,
Which we have heard and known,
And g our fathers have told us.
We will h not conceal them from their children,
But i tell to the generation to come the praises of the  Lord,
And His strength and His j wondrous works that He has done.

For He established a k testimony in Jacob
And appointed a l law in Israel,
Which He m commanded our fathers
That they should
Lit make them known
o teach them to their children,
p That the generation to come might know, even q the children yet to be born,
That they may arise and r tell them to their children,
That they should put their confidence in God
And s not forget the works of God,
But t keep His commandments,
And u not be like their fathers,
A v stubborn and rebellious generation,
A generation that w did not
Or put right
prepare its heart
And whose spirit was not y faithful to God.

The sons of Ephraim
Or being
were aa archers equipped with bows,
Yet ab they turned back in the day of battle.
10 They ac did not keep the covenant of God
And refused to ad walk in His law;
11 They ae forgot His deeds
And His
Or wonderful works
miracles that He had shown them.
12  ag He wrought wonders before their fathers
In the land of Egypt, in the ah field of Zoan.
13 He ai divided the sea and caused them to pass through,
And He made the waters stand aj up like a heap.
14 Then He led them with the cloud by ak day
And all the night with a al light of fire.
15 He am split the rocks in the wilderness
And gave them abundant drink like the ocean depths.
16 He an brought forth streams also from the rock
And caused waters to run down like rivers.

17 Yet they still continued to sin against Him,
To ao rebel against the Most High in the desert.
18 And in their heart they ap put God to the test
By asking aq food according to their desire.
19 Then they spoke against God;
They said ar Can God prepare a table in the wilderness?
20 Behold, He as struck the rock so that waters gushed out,
And streams were overflowing;
Can He give bread also?
Will He provide
Lit flesh
au meat for His people?”

21 Therefore the  Lord heard and
Or became infuriated
was aw full of wrath;
And a fire was kindled against Jacob
And anger also mounted against Israel,
22 Because they ax did not believe in God
And did not trust in His salvation.
23 Yet He commanded the clouds above
And ay opened the doors of heaven;
24 He az rained down manna upon them to eat
And gave them
Lit grain
bb food from heaven.
25 Man did eat the bread of
Lit mighty ones
He sent them
Or provision
Lit to satiation
bf in abundance.
26 He bg caused the east wind to blow in the heavens
And by His
Or strength
power He directed the south wind.
27 When He rained
Lit flesh
meat upon them like the dust,
Even bj winged fowl like the sand of the seas,
28 Then He let them fall in the midst of
Lit His
their camp,
Round about their dwellings.
29 So they bl ate and were well filled,
And their desire He gave to them.
Lit They were not estranged from
Before they had satisfied their desire,
bn While their food was in their mouths,
31 The bo anger of God rose against them
And killed
Lit among their fat ones
some of their bq stoutest ones,
Lit caused to bow down
subdued the choice men of Israel.
32 In spite of all this they bs still sinned
And bt did not believe in His wonderful works.
33 So He brought bu their days to an end in
Lit vanity, a mere breath
And their years in sudden terror.

34 When He killed them, then they bw sought Him,
And returned and searched bx diligently for God;
35 And they remembered that God was their by rock,
And the Most High God their bz Redeemer.
36 But they ca deceived Him with their mouth
And cb lied to Him with their tongue.
37 For their heart was not cc steadfast toward Him,
Nor were they faithful in His covenant.
38 But He, being cd compassionate
Lit covered over, atoned for
cf forgave their iniquity and did not destroy them;
And often He
Lit turned away
ch restrained His anger
And did not arouse all His wrath.
39 Thus ci He remembered that they were but cj flesh,
Or breath
cl wind that passes and does not return.

40 How often they cm rebelled against Him in the wilderness
And cn grieved Him in the co desert!
41 Again and again they
Or put God to the test
cq tempted God,
And pained the cr Holy One of Israel.
42 They cs did not remember ct His
Lit hand
The day when He cv redeemed them from the adversary,
43 When He performed His cw signs in Egypt
And His cx marvels in the field of Zoan,
44 And cy turned their rivers to blood,
And their streams, they could not drink.
45 He sent among them swarms of cz flies which devoured them,
And da frogs which destroyed them.
46 He gave also their crops to the db grasshopper
And the product of their labor to the dc locust.
47 He
Lit was killing
destroyed their vines with de hailstones
And their sycamore trees with frost.
48 He gave over their df cattle also to the hailstones
And their herds to bolts of lightning.
49 He dg sent upon them His burning anger,
Fury and indignation and trouble,
Lit A deputation of angels of evil
A band of destroying angels.
50 He leveled a path for His anger;
He did not spare their soul from death,
But di gave over their life to the plague,
51 And dj smote all the firstborn in Egypt,
The dk first issue of their virility in the tents of dl Ham.
52 But He dm led forth His own people like sheep
And guided them in the wilderness dn like a flock;
53 He led them do safely, so that they did not fear;
But dp the sea engulfed their enemies.

54 So dq He brought them to His holy
Lit border, territory
To this
Or mountain
dt hill country du which His right hand had gained.
55 He also dv drove out the nations before them
And dw apportioned them for an inheritance by measurement,
And made the tribes of Israel dwell in their tents.
56 Yet they
Or put to the test
dy tempted and dz rebelled against the Most High God
And did not keep His testimonies,
57 But turned back and ea acted treacherously like their fathers;
They eb turned aside like a treacherous bow.
58 For they ec provoked Him with their ed high places
And ee aroused His jealousy with their ef graven images.
59 When God heard, He
Or became infuriated
was filled with eh wrath
And greatly ei abhorred Israel;
60 So that He ej abandoned the ek dwelling place at Shiloh,
The tent
Some ancient versions read where He dwelt
which He had pitched among men,
61 And gave up His em strength to captivity
And His glory en into the hand of the adversary.
62 He also eo delivered His people to the sword,
Or became infuriated
was filled with wrath at His inheritance.
63  eq Fire devoured
Or their
His young men,
Or their
His et virgins had no wedding songs.
Or their
His ev priests fell by the sword,
Or their
His ex widows could not weep.

65 Then the Lord ey awoke as if from sleep,
Like a ez warrior
Or sobered up from
overcome by wine.
66 He
Lit smote
fc drove His adversaries backward;
He put on them an everlasting reproach.
67 He also fd rejected the tent of Joseph,
And did not choose the tribe of Ephraim,
68 But chose the tribe of Judah,
Mount fe Zion which He loved.
69 And He ff built His sanctuary like the heights,
Like the earth which He has founded forever.
70 He also fg chose David His servant
And took him from the sheepfolds;
71 From
Lit following
fi the care of the
Lit ewes which gave suck, He...
ewes fk with suckling lambs He brought him
To fl shepherd Jacob His people,
And Israel fm His inheritance.
72 So he shepherded them according to the fn integrity of his heart,
And guided them with his skillful hands.

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