Romans 1

The Gospel Exalted

Paul, a bond-servant of Christ Jesus
Lit a called apostle
b called as an apostle c set apart for d the gospel of God,
which He e promised beforehand through His f prophets in the holy Scriptures, concerning His Son, who was born g of a
Lit seed
descendant of David i according to the flesh,
who was declared j the Son of God with power
Or as a result of
by the resurrection from the dead, according to the
Or spirit
Spirit of holiness, Jesus Christ our Lord,
through whom we have received grace and m apostleship
Lit for obedience
to bring about the o obedience of faith among p all the Gentiles for His name’s sake,
among whom you also are the q called of Jesus Christ;

to all who are r beloved of God in Rome, called as
Or holy ones
t saints: u Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

First v I thank my God through Jesus Christ
Or concerning you all, that...
for you all, because x your faith is being proclaimed throughout the whole world.
For y God, whom I z serve in my spirit in the preaching of the gospel of His Son, is my witness as to how unceasingly aa I make mention of you, 10 always in my prayers making request, if perhaps now at last by ab the will of God I may succeed in coming to you. 11 For ac I long to see you so that I may impart some spiritual gift to you, that you may be
Or strengthened
12 that is, that I may be encouraged together with you while among you, each of us by the other’s faith, both yours and mine. 13  ae I do not want you to be unaware af brethren, that often I ag have planned to come to you (and have been prevented so far) so that I may obtain some ah fruit among you also, even as among the rest of the Gentiles. 14  ai I am
Lit debtor
under obligation both to Greeks and to ak barbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish.
15 So, for my part, I am eager to al preach the gospel to you also who are in Rome.

16 For I am not am ashamed of the gospel, for an it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the ao Jew first and also to ap the Greek. 17 For in it aq  the righteousness of God is revealed
Or by
from faith to faith; as it is written,
Or But he who is righteous by faith shall live
at But the righteous man shall live by faith.”

Unbelief and Its Consequences

18 For au the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who av suppress the truth
Or by
in unrighteousness,
19 because ax that which is known about God is evident
Or among
within them; for God made it evident to them.
20 For az since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, ba being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse. 21 For even though they knew God, they did not
Lit glorify
honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became bc futile in their speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened.
22  bd Professing to be wise, they became fools, 23 and be exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an image in the form of corruptible man and of birds and four-footed animals and
Or reptiles
crawling creatures.

24 Therefore bg God gave them over in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, so that their bodies would be bh dishonored among them. 25 For they exchanged the truth of God for
Lit the lie
a bj lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator bk who is blessed
Lit unto the ages
forever. Amen.

26 For this reason bm God gave them over to bn degrading passions; for their women exchanged the natural function for that which is
Lit against nature
27 and in the same way also the men abandoned the natural function of the woman and burned in their desire toward one another bp men with men committing
Lit the shameless deed
indecent acts and receiving in
Lit themselves
their own persons the due penalty of their error.

28 And just as they did not see fit
Lit to have God in knowledge
to acknowledge God any longer, bt God gave them over to a depraved mind, to do those things which are not proper,
29 being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, greed, evil; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malice; they are bu gossips, 30 slanderers
Or hateful to God
bw haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, inventors of evil bx disobedient to parents,
31 without understanding, untrustworthy by unloving, unmerciful; 32 and although they know the ordinance of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of bz death, they not only do the same, but also ca give hearty approval to those who practice them.
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