1 Chronicles 1
Adam’s Descendants1Adam, Seth, Enosh, 2Kenan, Mahalalel, Jered, 3Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech, 4Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. ▼
▼ The LXX reads “Noah; the sons of Noah [were] Shem, Ham, and Japheth.” Several English translations (e.g., NIV, NLT) follow the LXX.▼
Japheth’s Descendants5 The sons of Japheth:
Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.
6 The sons of Gomer:
Ashkenaz, Riphath, ▼ and Togarmah.
7 The sons ▼
▼ Or in this case, “descendants.”of Javan:
Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittites, and the Rodanites. ▼ ▼
▼ Heb “Kittim and Rodanim.”
Ham’s Descendants8 The sons of Ham:
Cush, Mizraim, ▼
▼ That is, “Egypt.”Put, and Canaan.
9 The sons of Cush:
Seba, Havilah, Sabta, Raamah, and Sabteca.
The sons of Raamah:
Sheba and Dedan.
10 Cush was the father of Nimrod, who established himself as a mighty warrior on earth. ▼
▼ Heb “he began to be a mighty warrior in the earth.”
11 Mizraim was the father of the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites, 12Pathrusites, Casluhites (from whom the Philistines descended ▼
▼ Heb “came forth.”), and the Caphtorites.
13 Canaan was the father of Sidon – his firstborn – and Heth, 14as well as the Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites, 15Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, 16Arvadites, Zemarites, and Hamathites.
Shem’s Descendants17 The sons of Shem:
Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.
The sons of Aram: ▼
Uz, Hul, Gether, and Meshech. ▼
18 Arphaxad was the father of Shelah, and Shelah was the father of Eber. 19Two sons were born to Eber: the first was named Peleg, for during his lifetime the earth was divided; ▼ his brother’s name was Joktan.
20 Joktan was the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 21Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 22Ebal, ▼ Abimael, Sheba, 23Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these were the sons of Joktan.
24 Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah, ▼ 25Eber, Peleg, Reu, 26Serug, Nahor, Terah, 27Abram (that is, Abraham).
28 The sons of Abraham:
Isaac and Ishmael.
29 These were their descendants:
Ishmael’s DescendantsIshmael’s firstborn son was Nebaioth; the others were ▼
▼ The words “the others were” are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 30Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadad, Tema, 31Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. These were the sons of Ishmael.
Keturah’s Descendants32 The sons to whom Keturah, Abraham’s concubine, ▼
▼ A concubine was a slave woman in ancient Near Eastern societies who was the legal property of her master, but who could have legitimate sexual relations with her master. A concubine’s status was more elevated than a mere servant, but she was not free and did not have the legal rights of a free wife. The children of a concubine could, in some instances, become equal heirs with the children of the free wife. After the period of the Judges concubines may have become more of a royal prerogative (2 Sam 21:10–14; 1 Kgs 11:3).gave birth:
Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, Shuah.
The sons of Jokshan:
Sheba and Dedan.
33 The sons of Midian:
Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were the sons of Keturah.
Isaac’s Descendants34 Abraham was the father of Isaac. The sons of Isaac:
Esau and Israel.
Esau’s Descendants35 The sons of Esau:
Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.
36 The sons of Eliphaz:
Teman, Omar, Zephi, ▼ Gatam, Kenaz, and (by Timna) Amalek. ▼
37 The sons of Reuel:
Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.
The Descendants of Seir38 The sons of Seir:
Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan.
39 The sons of Lotan:
Hori and Homam. (Timna was Lotan’s sister.) ▼
40 The sons of Shobal:
Alyan, ▼ Manahath, Ebal, Shephi, ▼ and Onam.
The sons of Zibeon:
Aiah and Anah.
41 The son ▼
▼ Heb “sons.” The Hebrew text has the plural, but only one son is listed. For stylistic reasons the singular “son” was used in the translation.of Anah:
The sons of Dishon:
Hamran, ▼ Eshban, Ithran, and Keran.
42 The sons of Ezer:
Bilhan, Zaavan, Jaakan. ▼
The sons of Dishan: ▼
Uz and Aran.
Kings of Edom43 These were the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king ruled over the Israelites:
Bela son of Beor; the name of his city was Dinhabah.
44 When Bela died, Jobab son of Zerah from Bozrah, succeeded him. ▼
45 When Jobab died, Husham from the land of the Temanites succeeded him.
46 When Husham died, Hadad son of Bedad succeeded him. He struck down the Midianites in the plains of Moab; the name of his city was Avith.
47 When Hadad died, Samlah from Masrekah succeeded him.
48 When Samlah died, Shaul from Rehoboth on the river ▼
▼ Or “near the river.”▼
▼ The river may refer to the Euphrates River (cf. NRSV, CEV, NLT).succeeded him.
49 When Shaul died, Baal-Hanan son of Achbor succeeded him.
50 When Baal-Hanan died, Hadad succeeded him; the name of his city was Pai. ▼ His wife was Mehetabel, daughter of Matred, daughter of Me-Zahab.
51 Hadad died.
Tribal Chiefs of EdomThe tribal chiefs of Edom were:
Timna, Alvah, Jetheth, 52Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon, 53Kenaz, Teman, ▼ Mibzar, 54Magdiel, Iram. ▼
▼ Each of the names in this list is preceded by the word “chief” in the Hebrew text. This has not been included in the translation because it would appear very redundant to the modern reader.These were the tribal chiefs of Edom.
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