1 Chronicles 24

David Organizes the Priests

The divisions of Aaron’s descendants were as follows:

The sons of Aaron:

Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

Nadab and Abihu died before their father did; they had no sons. Eleazar and Ithamar served as priests.

David, Zadok (a descendant of Eleazar), and Ahimelech (a descendant of Ithamar) divided them into groups to carry out their assigned responsibilities.
Heb “for their assignment in their service.”
The descendants of Eleazar had more leaders than the descendants of Ithamar, so they divided them up accordingly; the descendants of Eleazar had sixteen leaders, while the descendants of Ithamar had eight.
Heb “And the sons of Eleazar were found to be more, with respect to the heads of men, than the sons of Ithamar, and they divided them. To the sons of Eleazar there were sixteen heads, according to the house of the fathers; and to the sons of Ithamar there were eight, according to the house of their fathers.”
They divided them by lots, for there were officials of the holy place and officials designated by God among the descendants of both Eleazar and Ithamar.
Heb “and they divided them by lots, these with these, for the officials of the holy place and the officials of God were from the sons of Eleazar and among the sons of Ithamar.”
The scribe Shemaiah son of Nethanel, a Levite, wrote down their names before the king, the officials, Zadok the priest, Ahimelech son of Abiathar, and the leaders of the priestly and Levite families. One family was drawn by lot from Eleazar, and then the next from Ithamar.
Heb “one house of a father was drawn by lot for Eleazar, and one [this assumes an emendation of אָחֻז (’akhuz) to אֶחָד (’ekhad, “one”)] was drawn by lot for Ithamar.”

The first lot went to Jehoiarib,

the second to Jedaiah,

the third to Harim,

the fourth to Seorim,

the fifth to Malkijah,

the sixth to Mijamin,

10  the seventh to Hakkoz,

the eighth to Abijah,

11  the ninth to Jeshua,

the tenth to Shecaniah,

12  the eleventh to Eliashib,

the twelfth to Jakim,

13  the thirteenth to Huppah,

the fourteenth to Jeshebeab,

14  the fifteenth to Bilgah,

the sixteenth to Immer,

15  the seventeenth to Hezir,

the eighteenth to Happizzez,

16  the nineteenth to Pethahiah,

the twentieth to Jehezkel,

17  the twenty-first to Jakin,

the twenty-second to Gamul,

18  the twenty-third to Delaiah,

the twenty-fourth to Maaziah.

19  This was the order in which they carried out their assigned responsibilities when they entered the Lord’s temple, according to the regulations given them by their ancestor
Heb “father.”
Aaron, just as the Lord God of Israel had instructed him.
Heb “these were their responsibilities for their service to enter the house of the Lord according to their manner [given] by the hand of Aaron their father, as the Lord God of Israel commanded him.”

Remaining Levites

20  The rest of the Levites included:
Heb “Belonging to the rest of the sons of Levi.”

This appears to be a variant of the name Shebuel (cf. 1 Chr 23:16 and 26:24).
from the sons of Amram,

Jehdeiah from the sons of Shubael,

21  the firstborn Isshiah from Rehabiah and the sons of Rehabiah,

22  Shelomoth from the Izharites,

Jahath from the sons of Shelomoth.

23  The sons of Hebron:
Most Hebrew mss omit “Hebron” here, but see 1 Chr 23:19. The name is included in two Hebrew mss and some LXX mss.

Jeriah, Amariah the second, Jahaziel the third, and Jekameam the fourth.

24  The son
The Hebrew text has the plural “sons,” but only one name appears after this.
of Uzziel:


Shamir from the sons of Micah.

25  The brother of Micah:


Zechariah from the sons of Isshiah.

26  The sons of Merari:

Mahli and Mushi.

The son of Jaaziah:

Heb “the sons of Jaaziah, Beno.” Apparently בְנוֹ (veno), which could be translated “his son,” is a proper name here. The text, however, may be corrupt at this point; a list of Jaaziah’s sons may have been accidentally omitted. See v. 27.

27  The sons of Merari, from Jaaziah:

Or “from Jaaziah his son.” See the note on “Beno” in v. 26.
Shoham, Zaccur, and Ibri.

28  From Mahli:

Eleazar, who had no sons.

29  From Kish:

The Hebrew text has, “Belonging to [i.e., from] Kish, the sons of Kish, Jerahmeel.” There appears to be a conflation of headings.

30  The sons of Mushi:

Mahli, Eder, and Jerimoth.

These were the Levites, listed by their families.

31  Just like their relatives, the descendants of Aaron, they also cast lots before King David, Zadok, Ahimelech, the leaders of families, the priests, and the Levites. The families of the oldest son cast lots along with the those of the youngest.
Heb “the fathers [i.e., families] of the head [i.e., oldest] just like his youngest brother.”

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