1 Chronicles 3

David’s Descendants

1These were the sons of David who were born to him in Hebron:

The firstborn was Amnon, whose mother was Ahinoam from Jezreel;

the second was Daniel, whose mother was Abigail from Carmel;

2 the third was Absalom whose mother was Maacah, daughter of King Talmai of Geshur;

the fourth was Adonijah, whose mother was Haggith;

3 the fifth was Shephatiah, whose mother was Abital;

the sixth was Ithream, whose mother was Eglah.

4 These six were born to David
Heb “him”; the referent (David) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
in Hebron, where he ruled for seven years and six months.

He ruled thirty-three years in Jerusalem.
5These were the sons born to him in Jerusalem:

“Shimea” (שִׁמְעָא, shima’) is a variant spelling of “Shammua” (שַׁמּוּעַ, shammua’; see 2 Sam 5:14). Some English versions use the spelling “Shammua” here (e.g., NIV, NCV).
Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon – the mother of these four was Bathsheba
Most Hebrew mss read “Bathshua” here, but 2 Sam 12:24 makes it clear Bathsheba was Solomon’s mother. “Bathsheba” is read by one Hebrew ms and the Vulgate. Many English translations (e.g., NAB, NIV, NLT) render the name “Bathsheba” to avoid confusion.
the daughter of Ammiel.
In 2 Sam 11:3 Bathsheba is called “the daughter of Eliam,” while here her father’s name is given as “Ammiel.”

6 The other nine were Ibhar, Elishua,
All but two Hebrew mss read “Elishama” here, but 1 Chr 14:5 lists the name as “Elishua,” and is followed by a number of English versions here (e.g., NAB, NIV, NCV, TEV, CEV, NLT). Another son named “Elishama” is listed in 3:8.
The MT reads “Eliphelet” here, but 1 Chr 14:5 lists the name as “Elpelet” and is followed by some English versions here (e.g., TEV, NLT). Another son named “Eliphelet” is listed in 3:8.
7Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, 8Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphelet.

9 These were all the sons of David, not counting the sons of his concubines.
See the note on the word “concubine” in 1:32.
Tamar was their sister.

Solomon’s Descendants

10 Solomon’s son was Rehoboam,

followed by Abijah his son,

Asa his son,

Jehoshaphat his son,

11 Joram
Joram is a variant spelling of the name “Jehoram.”
his son,

Ahaziah his son,

Joash his son,

12 Amaziah his son,

Azariah his son,

Jotham his son,

13 Ahaz his son,

Hezekiah his son,

Manasseh his son,

14 Amon his son,

Josiah his son.

15 The sons of Josiah:

Johanan was the firstborn; Jehoiakim was born second; Zedekiah third; and Shallum fourth.

16 The sons of Jehoiakim:

his son Jehoiachin
Heb “Jeconiah,” a variation of the name “Jehoiachin” (also in v. 17).
and his son Zedekiah.

17 The sons of Jehoiachin the exile:
Heb “prisoner.” Jehoiachin was carried off to Babylon as a prisoner. See 2 Chr 36:10.

Shealtiel his son,
18Malkiram, Pedaiah, Shenazzar, Jekamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah.

19 The sons of Pedaiah:

Zerubbabel and Shimei.

The sons of Zerubbabel:

Meshullam and Hananiah. Shelomith was their sister.

20 The five others were Hashubah, Ohel, Berechiah, Hasadiah, and Jushab-Hesed.

21 The descendants of Hananiah:

Pelatiah, Jeshaiah, the sons of Rephaiah, of Arnan, of Obadiah, and of Shecaniah.

22 The descendants of Shecaniah:

Shemaiah and his sons: Hattush, Igal, Bariah, Neariah, and Shaphat – six in all.

23 The sons of Neariah:

Elioenai, Hizkiah, and Azrikam – three in all.

24 The sons of Elioenai:

Hodaviah, Eliashib, Pelaiah, Akkub, Johanan, Delaiah, and Anani – seven in all.

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