1 Samuel 24

David Spares Saul’s Life

1[Heb. 24:2] When Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, they told him, “Look, David is in the desert of En Gedi.” 2So Saul took three thousand select men from all Israel and went to find
Heb “to search [for].”
David and his men in the region of
Heb “upon the face of.”
the rocks of the mountain goats.
Or “the region of the Rocks of the Mountain Goats,” if this expression is understood as a place name (cf. NASB, NIV, NRSV, TEV, CEV).
3He came to the sheepfolds by the road, where there was a cave. Saul went into it to relieve himself.
Heb “to cover his feet,” an idiom (euphemism) for relieving oneself (cf. NAB “to ease nature”).

Now David and his men were sitting in the recesses of the cave.
4David’s men said to him, “This is the day about which the Lord said to you, ‘I will give your enemy into your hand, and you can do to him whatever seems appropriate to you.’”
Heb “is good in your eyes.”
So David got up and quietly cut off an edge of Saul’s robe.
5Afterward David’s conscience bothered him
Heb “the heart of David struck him.”
because he had cut off an edge of Saul’s robe.
6He said to his men, “May the Lord keep me far away from doing such a thing to my lord, who is the Lord’s chosen one,
Heb “anointed.”
by extending my hand against him. After all,
Or “for.”
he is the Lord’s chosen one.”
Heb “anointed.”
7David restrained his men with these words and did not allow them to rise up against Saul. Then Saul left the cave and started down
Heb “went on.”
the road.

8 Afterward David got up and went out of the cave. He called out after Saul, “My lord, O king!” When Saul looked behind him, David kneeled down and bowed with his face to the ground. 9David said to Saul, “Why do you pay attention when men say, ‘David is seeking to do you harm’? 10Today your own eyes see how the Lord delivered you – this very day – into my hands in the cave. Some told me to kill you, but I had pity
Heb “it had pity,” apparently with the understood subject being “my eye,” in accordance with a common expression.
on you and said, ‘I will not extend my hand against my lord, for he is the Lord’s chosen one.’
Heb “anointed.”
11Look, my father, and see the edge of your robe in my hand! When I cut off the edge of your robe, I didn’t kill you. So realize and understand that I am not planning
Heb “there is not in my hand.”
evil or rebellion. Even though I have not sinned against you, you are waiting in ambush to take my life.
12May the Lord judge between the two of us, and may the Lord vindicate me over you, but my hand will not be against you. 13It’s like the old proverb says: ‘From evil people evil proceeds.’ But my hand will not be against you. 14Who has the king of Israel come out after? Who is it that you are pursuing? A dead dog? A single flea? 15May the Lord be our judge and arbiter. May he see and arbitrate my case and deliver me from your hands!”

16 When David finished speaking these words to Saul, Saul said, “Is that your voice, my son David?” Then Saul wept loudly.
Heb “lifted his voice and wept.”
17He said to David, “You are more innocent
Or “righteous” (so KJV, NASB, NIV, NRSV); NAB “you are in the right”; NLT “are a better man than I am.”
than I, for you have treated me well, even though I have tried to harm you!
18You have explained today how you have treated me well. The Lord delivered me into your hand, but you did not kill me. 19Now if a man finds his enemy, does he send him on his way in good shape? May the Lord repay you with good this day for what you have done to me. 20Now look, I realize that you will in fact be king and that the kingdom of Israel will be established in your hand. 21So now swear to me in the Lord’s name
Heb “by the Lord.”
that you will not kill
Heb “cut off.”
my descendants after me or destroy my name from the house of my father.”

22 David promised Saul this on oath.
Heb “and David swore an oath to Saul.”
Then Saul went to his house, and David and his men went up to the stronghold.

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