1 Samuel 31

The Death of Saul

1Now the Philistines were fighting against Israel. The men of Israel fled from the Philistines and many of them fell dead on Mount Gilboa. 2The Philistines stayed right on the heels
Heb “stuck close after.”
of Saul and his sons. They
Heb “the Philistines.”
struck down Saul’s sons Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malki-Shua.
3Saul himself was in the thick of the battle;
Heb “and the battle was heavy against Saul.”
the archers
Heb “the shooters, men with the bow.”
spotted him and wounded him severely.

4 Saul said to his armor bearer, “Draw your sword and stab me with it! Otherwise these uncircumcised people will come, stab me, and torture me.” But his armor bearer refused to do it, because he was very afraid. So Saul took his sword and fell on it. 5When his armor bearer saw that Saul was dead, he also fell on his own sword and died with him. 6So Saul, his three sons, his armor bearer, and all his men died together that day.

7 When the men of Israel who were in the valley and across the Jordan saw that the men of Israel had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead, they abandoned the cities and fled. The Philistines came and occupied them.

8 The next day, when the Philistines came to strip loot from the corpses, they discovered Saul and his three sons lying dead
Heb “fallen.”
on Mount Gilboa.
9They cut off Saul’s
Heb “his”; the referent (Saul) has been specified in the translation for clarity (likewise in the following verse).
head and stripped him of his armor. They sent messengers to announce the news in the temple of their idols and among their people throughout the surrounding land of the Philistines.
10They placed Saul’s armor in the temple of the Ashtoreths
The Semitic goddess Astarte was associated with love and war in the ancient Near East. See the note on the same term in 7:3.
and hung his corpse on the city wall of Beth Shan.

11 When the residents of Jabesh Gilead heard what the Philistines had done to Saul, 12all their warriors set out and traveled throughout the night. They took Saul’s corpse and the corpses of his sons from the city wall of Beth Shan and went
The translation follows the MT, which vocalizes the verb as a Qal. The LXX, however, treats the verb as a Hiphil, “they brought.”
to Jabesh, where they burned them.
13They took the bones and buried them under the tamarisk tree at Jabesh; then they fasted for seven days.

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